As Samuel was trying to use an all whites bathroom in Macon County, Alabama, on January 3, 1966, Younge was shot to death. “Younge was killed eleven years after and forty miles from where the Montgomery bus boycott began.” (Younge, Samuel Leamon, Jr.) Rosa Parks made a path for activists, and Samuel Younge took that rocky path. “There were protests when white officials intentionally refused to indict Marvin Segrest, the person who killed Younge.” (Chandler,
14 year old Emmett Till was going to see relatives in Money Mississippi, on August 24th 1955 when he allegedly flirted with a white cashier at a grocery store. 4 days later, two white men beat, caused major injury, and shot him in the head. The men were adjudicated for murder, but an all-white, male jury cleared them of any wrong doing. Till's murder and the open casket funeral spurred the developing Civil Rights Movement. Source 1 is a picture that emerged in many news articles in America which raised questions among the community.
Ben Chester White On January 5, 1899, Ben Chester White, an African American, was born. About sixty-seven years later, on June 10, 1966, White was shot and murdered near Pretty Creek in Natchez, Mississippi. His murderers were three hate-filled gunmen that were incorporated with the Ku Klux Klan, which is a group of people who believe that whites are more superior than blacks. The reason they wanted to murder White was to give Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. a motive to come to Natchez, White had no involvement in the Civil Rights Movement, until his devastating murder. Ever since he was born, White spent most of his life working for a white family, on the Carter family farm around the east of Natchez.
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett commonly known as Ida B Wells was one of the nation 's most vocal anti-lynch activist of her time. (Steptoe) It all started when three of her African American friends were lynched after they opened up a store, the People’s Grocery, which competed well with a white owned grocery store nearby. A white mob attacked the People’s Grocery and three white men were injured, the owners of the store were then jailed when they were later broken out and lynched. This infuriated Wells and she wrote after the incident urging African Americans to leave Memphis, “There is, therefore, only one thing left to do; save our money and leave a town which will neither protect our lives and property, nor give us a fair trial in the courts, but takes us out and murders us in cold blood when accused by white persons.” This caused some 6,000 African-Americans to leave Memphis while others started boycotts on white businesses. (Wikipedia) This incident caused Wells to begin her research into lynchings.
The death of such a substantial figure would prompt one of the greatest speeches Robert Kennedy produced in his career, furthering the race relations between white America and black America. Less than 3 months later Robert F. Kennedy was shot and killed at a campaign, and “two bright lights in society… both of them snuffed out,” in a matter of months. The killing of Kennedy, which followed the assassination of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. only deepened America's
Another controversial lynching was the lynching of Jesse Washington. Washington was a 17 year old black boy who worked for farmers in Waco, Texas. On May 8th 1916, Washington was arrested for the murder of fifty-three-year-old Lucy Fryer, the wife of the white farmer he worked for. Washington confessed to raping and murdering Mrs. Fryer and was immediately transferred to the Dallas country Jail where McLennan county sheriff Samuel S. Fleming took care of him. Fleming wanted to prevent potential mob violence from happening, “at least until the accused could have his day in court” (SoRelle).
Civil rights leader and social activist Martin Luther King Jr. wrote a world renown correspondence, Letter From Birmingham Jail, in April of 1963, during a time when segregation was at it’s peak in the South. When King was making his mark in American history, the United States was experiencing great social unrest due to the injustice towards their colored citizens, which would lead to social rights rallies and unnecessary violence. In response to King’s peaceful protesting, the white community viewed “[his] nonviolent efforts as those of an extremist,” and subsequently imprisoned the pastor (para 27). King specifically wrote to the white clergymen who had earlier addressed a letter to him as to why he was apprehended, in which they argued that his actions were untimely and unconstitutional. In response, King emphasized that justice is never timely, and the refusal to acknowledge equal rights was inhumane and regressive.
250 from the Border Ruffians went to attack Brown and his follower at the Free-soil of Osawatomie. They called it the “Pottawatomie Massacre.” Brown’s had thirty men fighting for the country. “He fight hard, but Osawatomie burned to the ground.” (335) Brown’s actions after the destruction of the free-state town of Lawrence were like the president 's action. Everyone in Lawrence was talking about Brown, and they
They were frustrated in the jail, so group of African American inmates rioted trying to escape, after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. The worst case in the documentary was the My Lai Massacre, where U.S. troops went in and destroyed the village, killing many women and children. “Americans didn’t want to be believe that these things occurred in the name of the American people and for the sake of freedom”, so it was something that was swept under the rug until journalist got a hold of it. I understand now why the Vietnam War caused many to be diagnosed with PTSD and why it was very unpopular war. I am still interested in knowing the South Vietnamese side of the story, as well as the North
The White racist is fiercely opposed to the decision. In September 2nd, the state Governor Forbes to "riot" in the name of sending out of the National Guard to stop black students to school, but did not succeed. The 23 day, in the Governor's indulgence, thousands of racist surrounded by schools, beaten black reporters, and the 8 school students to get rid of the black. Then several southern states had an attack on black people. Little Rock event shocked the whole world, the Eisenhower Administration forced the 24th sent paratroopers, more than 2000 people rushed to the little rock, "protection" of the back entrance.