The Impacts of Colonization on India Introduction This essay aims to discuss and analyze the Economic, Religious, Cultural and Political impacts of the British colonization on India, It all began with the East India Company (EIC), which was formed to pursue trade manly with the Indian subcontinent and China. The company accounted for half of the world’s trade particularly in basic commodities like cotton, silk, indigo, salt, tea, and opium is name a few the year was 1757 and it marked the beginning of the British Empire in India. The colonization of India was purely accidental because East India Company started out with the intentions of trading with India. However the weak political environment clubbed with rich natural resources along with
Was the British Empire a force for good? The British Empire brought many changes to the world, good and bad, to many people in different countries e.g. Africa and India. Some of these changes involved innovations in medical care, education and railways. The British Empire profited from slavery in the eighteenth century, but fought to abolish slavery in the nineteenth century.
Throughout history, many nations have implemented imperialism to enforce their will over others for money, protection, and civilization. In many cases, England was the imperial, or mother country. In the 1700’s the British Empire invaded India and took control of the country. Although India was accustomed to invaders by the time the British arrived, British effectively did the most damage by arriving at a fragile time for the Indians. The Indians were suffering from the fall of the Mogul Empire, which had controlled most of India from 1526 until the death of Aurangzeb in 1707.
Britain and America’s relationship changed as American colonists fought for independence. Before the Seven Years War (1756-1763), “America” comprised of 13 colonies under British control and the attitude towards British rule was complex. The aftermath of this War strengthened the position of these colonies as it removed European Rivals (France in Canada) and opened the Mississippi for expansion but in doing so, destabilised the borders. It did not provide much political change for American people as British control was still in clear effect in 1763 shown by the Royal Proclamation, which led to a temporary line limiting expansion but which no American could settle across. This angered the American colonists who wanted to keep their local government control and expand into new farmlands.
With the establishment of the rule of the East India Company in India, it was considered to be a good source of income. At first, this tax was imposed in the form of 'land rent' and 'transit charges', and in 1762, this was consolidated into duty. Thus India, in particular Bengal and the surrounding provinces were in turn, rendered dependent upon imported salt from Liverpool, Spain, Romania, Aden and Mussawah. Oppressed with the burden of extravagant charges, the indigenous industry soon found itself unable to compete with its English rival which was making determined efforts to capture the market. The figures given below the imports of British salt into Calcutta, reveal the inevitable
They began their operation by setting up factories and trading ports within the region to ease the circulation of goods. In 1602, the British set up a trading post in Banten which became the center of exchange for goods from the Spice Islands. Nevertheless, the British trade in Banten encountered various contestations starting from other European rivals who had previously established their control there to the limited English goods that could be received for barter with the local merchants in Banten. With these disadvantages, the presence of British in Banten was under increasing pressure and threats, especially when the rivalries between the British East India Company (EIC) and the Dutch East India Company (VOC) to gain trade monopoly in Banten culminated in wars. As involvement and sustenance of wars required a large amount of material and human resources, the benefits of trade in the Spice Islands were deemed to be undermined by all the expenditures and risks that had to be borne by the British.
After the Indian Rebellion, there were many shifts in policies, acts and leadership of the remaining British rulers that remained in colonial India. Radio and speeches frolicked a huge part in spreading the movement to even peasant village members. By the mid1930s, the approval of the anti-colonial movement started to overpower the small amount of British influence that remained in India and the Indian princes were gaining both militaristic and political power. Since Indians had a sample from the British in education, military, economy, and government for centuries, the upper-class Indian princes and leaders had the knowledge to run and establish their own independent state. After about twenty years of message between British and Indian officials, India would become a distinct nation in 1947.
The paper will introduce the incident of 1857 and discuss the reasons for the British to defeat the rebels and the impacts of the incident on both the British and the Indians. The origin of the Sepoy Mutiny deeply connected to the history of the East India Company. With the Royal Charter granted by Queen Elizabeth, the East India Company started its trading post in India on December 31, 1600 to compete with other European powers such as the Spanish, the Portuguese and the Dutch for foreign trade in East Indies. The company was formed based on the concept of corporation and gradually accumulated its power to force the competitors out of the trading business. After the company forced the competitors out of the trading business in less than twenty years, it had to raise a powerful army to vie for more wealth with its enemies and rely on taxes collected from its territories.
This essay not only examines the disputes but also studies the hurdles of post-colonial states in formation of autonomous governing states. This essay looks into the history of establishment of Republic of India from the former British Raj/Rule and its impact on India’s political development. BACKGROUND & COLONISM EXPANSION In the early 17th century, British came to India and established the East India Company. It was established mainly to halt the Dutch domination over the spice trade but over the period of time the East India Company began to take over the powers to control the country. India is world’s largest democratic country.
Again like James II, Aurangzeb knew the art of making enemies. The imperialist designs and narrow religious policy of Aurangzeb turned the Rajputs, reliable supporters of the Imperial dynasty, into foes. The wanton destruction of Hindu temples and the re- imposition of jizyah (1679) and other political and social indignities on the Hindus led to the rising of the Satnamis, the Bundelas and the Jats. In Punjab, the Sikhs to the last man rose against the empire paralyzing Imperial administration in the