The Mughal Empire: The Beginning Of The Mughal Empire

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The beginning of the Mughal empire is conventionally dated to the victory of its founder Babur over Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). The Mughal emperor had roots in the Turco-Mongol Timurid dynasty of Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (founder of the Mongol Empire) and Timur (Turco-Mongol, founder of the Timurid Empire). The Mughals were Muslim rulers who ruled a Hindu Majority country. Even then, during their reign, Hindus enjoyed high administrative positions. The Mughals were extremely fond of art and architecture. They sanctioned the building of huge tombs, gardens and masjids.
The Empire founded by Babur was based on religious toleration. During Babur’s rule, new Hindu temples were built with his permission. Trade with the rest of the Islamic world, especially Persia and through Persia to Europe, was encouraged. Slavery was discouraged and peace was made with the Hindu kingdoms of Southern India. His first act after conquering Delhi was to forbid the killing of cows because that was against some of the religious practices of Hindus. Babur a Sunni Muslim was very lax in Muslim religious observance and practice and practiced open-minded, tolerant Islam. He did not persecute followers of other religions and even rewarded learned men in religious discussions. Babur descended from brutal conquerors, but he was not a barbarian bent on loot and plunder. Instead he had great ideas about

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