But if you wish it so, we shall obey you. Rather shall we be evil with you than good with all our brothers. May the Council have mercy upon both of our hearts” (Anthem, pg.10). This explains International 4-8818 fear of moral judgement and not wanting to take responsibility for his actions, which explains his failure of pronouncing judgement, according to Rand’s
“An irrational society is a society of moral cowards – of men paralyzed by the loss of moral standards, principles, and goals” (86) says Rand, and I feel that too far have the men in the society sunk away from moral standards, like putting their knowledge to use and expanding it, simply because they do not believe in judging others for fear of what others may see in them, especially Equality since he always abides by the strict standards with fear of the civilization itself. Equality would certainly agree with Rand’s advice, “One must never fail to pronounce moral judgement”, as Equality did by leaving the controlled society that brainwashed
So, in order to restore order within one’s individual life, one must defy the social norms that distance themselves from nature to find harmony with it. Furthermore, his use of tone to exemplify his argument is also effective as he condemns people for living rushed, unfulfilled lives for the sake of prosperity and materialistic possessions. When Thoreau says that ”when we are unhurried and wise, we perceive that only great and worthy things have any permanent and absolute existence, that petty fears and petty pleasures are but the shadow of the reality,”(279) he employs a critical tone by stating that people are blinded by these petty things that misconstrue
I ask none to live for me, nor do I live for any others. I covet no man’s soul, nor is my soul theirs to covet.”(96) Living for oneself was a snuffed out idea in this society. “Make them feel that the mere fact of personal desire is evil.”(The Soul of a Collectivist) The rulers enforced the most extreme idea of equality and selflessness in order to make each man as though they are posession of one and other, not an individual. Rulers have created a collectivist
In The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald introduces a theme surrounding human nature and his cynicism towards humans. His cynicism is derived from the human habit that in order to move on with life, a person must first accept the past and fully focused on the future. These views draw a parallel to one’s past experiences and dream fulfillment, in which you must accept your past in order to live your dream. Most of his views of cynicism are shown through the main character, Jay Gatsby, and Daisy Buchanan. Gatsby is shown to be very desperate for wealth, despite his poor past.
When comparing Machiavelli and Rousseau’s presentation on human nature, one can see that Machiavelli’s idea of human nature was completely opposite compared to Rousseau’s idea of human nature. Machiavelli was a realist, and had a rather negative view on human nature. He assumed that men by nature are evil, and are driven by their own selfish wants and needs. In a society where they are free, everything becomes unorganized and confusing. In Machiavelli’s, The Prince, he states that, “Men never do good except out of necessity, but when they have the freedom to choose and can do as they please, everything becomes confused and disorderly (182).” Thus Machiavelli believed that the best form of society was one where the Prince ruled his kingdom
“The world is my representation” (Schopenhauer 1); Schopenhauer contends that at even the universe’s crux, it is not a rational place, but merely a chaotic abyss made into what one makes of it. Having recognized the errors of his philosophical mentors, Plato and Kant, Schopenhauer developed an ascetic approach to mending the errors ingrained in us through the human condition, which preaches that in a world full of pain and suffering, human beings must combat natural desires to attain tranquility and a disposition warranting widespread magnanimity. Although regarded as a categorical pessimist, Schopenhauer endorsed methods, implementing artistic, moral and ascetic systems of cognizance, to appease the fundamentally painful and tenuous circumstances of human life. (Wicks) Although Schopenhauer rejects traditional German Idealism in its metaphysical elevation of self-consciousness as being too intellectualistic, he
However, if mental love chooses to turn towards evil, then it is turning against God. “As long as it’s directed toward the First Good… those whom He made have worked against their Maker.” (Purg. 17. 97-102) However, to direct mental love towards the First good can never be easy, for mental love involves the free will, and man’s free will always has that tendency to turn towards evil than what is really
Where ignorance is bliss, ‘tis folly to be wise. In a society that functions by this proverb, wisdom is hard to come by. However, for a being longing for this wisdom, with a natural urge of curiosity, this “bliss” is hell. Equality, a being longing for the validation of his differences in a society of group mentality, is spare of individual morality. He accepts the ignorance of total equality that is forced on him, but is contrastingly different from the image of a part of a communal whole.
He supposedly has extensive insight on, “The rules of justice (BLANK).” With that in mind, he seems to lean further away from justice into anarchy. Apollo is dismissing the methods of the Furies completely and establishes personal motives to save Orestes. So despite his knowledge, he ignores the concepts of justice, and its appointed executers, and creates an anarchy where the lack opposition makes him a slave to himself. So in attempting to preserve justice, he created a verdict that, although it was indirectly justifiable, failed to create a verdict for Orestes that was justly