Alternative Arguments presented: The reasons for Africa’s poor economic growth cannot solely be explained by colonialism. Several academic articles and scholars have gone further to attribute the slow economic development to African countries internal policies such as internal factors of bad leadership and corruption. Furthermore, in the paper by Juluis Agbor and colleagues it was put forward that effect of colonialism on an African state depended on the type of colonialism implemented within the African state (Agbor and Fedderke 2010). • Did Africans contribute to the destruction of Africa? There are opposing stances on colonialisms role in the economic development of Africa.
Frantz Fanon and Chinweizo also identified this same notion of neo-colonialism as a setback in the development of the African economy. For Fanon, as analysed by Teodros Kiros, the solution is an African revolution aimed at conquering deficiency of necessities such as food and shelter (Kiros, 2004). Chinweizo wrote painstaking on on black power, for him, like Cheik Anta Diop, he insisted on a black superpower in order to gain economic sovereignty (Chinweizu, 2010). Diop was only a bit more specific; he focused on restoration of political sovereignty, economic sovereignty and psychic autonomy as the key component for an African economic renaissance (Diop,
2 | P a g e In light of the above paragraphs, I will be largely concerned with the big challenge of Africa, namely, the break and continuity of Western hegemony through colonialism and globalization. Although benefits of colonialism and globalization are undeniable, the continent is hitherto a marginal player in globalization. States are interrelated via globalization, yet they remain divided into rich and poor as were divided into center-periphery states. In this thesis, I will discuss that the non-Western hemisphere is the symbolic representation of globalization facing Westernization so long as the West alone is the dominant global actor. Based on this, I will argue that Westernization is the universalism proposal of the West which is local and therefore, pseudo-universalism, for it contravenes the values of “Others”.
Here, Achebe's writing about African society was intended to challenge the misconception about Africa and Africans by telling the story from an insider’s point of view. Achebe's purpose was to prove that Conrad's was not the only way to see the Africans and that before the arrival of Europeans, Africans did have culture and social systems and, though unintelligible and so evil for the Europeans, Africans had their own sense and ways of defining the world around
Was the failure of the recruitment of the Northern Coast slaves due to the intellectual properties of the slaves and could the solution to this have been to find less educated Africans in order to force the burden of slavery upon them? The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade provides history with evidence that intellectual dishonesty and prior proper planning of manipulation may have been a powerful variable in the success of the slave
Africa now depends on foreign Investment because they are unable to implement and fund their own projects, African nations are now giving the European powers attention that they needed from them it. It is seen by the way African states give incredible incentives to foreign owners of capital and technology to come to Africa and invest. Deformed labor movement was also used, people’s rights were infringed in a way that they did not have any say with accordance with their life’s and what they wanted, European powers used hegemony in the 20th century, forced labor was one of the cheap method they used on Africans, they needed cheap labor for things such as infrastructure development. African could not disagree to any of these methods because there was this say which was going around saying “African male are lazy” and this fueled the ideology of forced labor as an aspect of progressive rule. (Okia,
Especially, Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade (Triangular Slave Trade) not only highly affected the continent but also left it with sophisticated disputes for the continuing generation because it depopulated the continent and morally undermined the peoples. Since the 18th century, even though some European governments had attempted to be abolished slave trade activities by laws; the more bad condition (colonization) could come to replace the slave trade and other trade activities. The reason is that the objective of the slave trade was to use African labor outside Africa; whereas that of colonization was to exploit their labor on their own land, in Africa, and to get the market for industrial commodities. Colonization affected the African histories, cultures and traditions and identities, and shaped the societies with European modes of life. Due to this, Africans were considered as uncivilized societies that had already psychologically and morally marginalized the people.
There were notable similarities and differences in the French and British colonisation and decolonisation experience which will be illustrated in this essay. The process of colonisation in Africa by Europeans began as early as the 1430s. At first European nations began trading links with Africa, which was focused on the African coastlines at this time “Inland Africa was largely unknown”. As a consequence of a drive for European expansion, which then became a widespread competition for imperial power, Europeans explored inland Africa. The driving force was greed for financial gain and power that led them to further infiltrate and exploit Africa.
In the late 19th century and into the early 20th century, the continent of Africa struggled through imperialism and colonialism from most European Countries. Shakespeare’s last individual play titled The Tempest, can be translated into a metaphor for European colonialism on Africa during the 1800’s. In this interpretation of the play, the main character Prospero represents the European conquerors, and Caliban and Ariel represent the native African people. This suggests that Prospero controls them in cruel and unfair ways. I believe that this is translation of the play is inaccurate, because although in some sense Prospero does control Caliban and Ariel, he has a valid reason to, unlike the Europeans.
I will discuss how this objective relates to the International Relations theory of Liberalism and justify the importance of finding African solutions for African problems below. Liberalism is a key theory in international relations, it argues that human beings act in their own self-interest but also act rationally and consider the interests of others (Steans, et al., 2010). This rational behavior opens the door to collective interests among people. This argument coincides with the goal of unity amongst Africans that the AU strives for. Another argument in liberalism suggests that due to the collective interests of people, it may be deduced that humans have no interest in engaging in wars or conflict.