In this paper I will argue that Socrates’s argument at 50a-b of the Crito would be not harming his fellow citizens by breaking the laws. Based on the readings from Plato’s The Five Dialogues, I will go over the reasoning of Socrates’ view on the good life. I will then discuss the three arguments Crito has for Socrates regarding his evasion of the death sentence including the selfish, the practicality, and the moral arguments. I will deliberate an objection to the argument and reply to the objections made in the paper and conclude with final thoughts. Socrates argues in the Crito that he should not escape or disobey the law because it is unethical.
the Republic, Socrates argues that justice ought to be valued both for its own sake and for the sake of its consequences (358a1–3). His interlocutors Glaucon and Adeimantus have reported a number of arguments to the effect that the value of justice lies purely in the rewards and reputation that are the usual consequence of being seen to be just, and have asked Socrates to say what justice is and to show that justice is always intrinsically better than is acting contrary to justice when doing so would win you more non-moral goods. Glaucon presents these arguments as renewing Thrasymachus’ Book 1 position that justice is “another’s good” (358b–c, cf. 343c), which Thrasymachus had associated with the claim that the rulers in any constitution frame
Cicero, a man also known as a “novus homo” or “new man”, was a patrician. Catiline, on the other hand, was a man who came from a long established family, meaning his family had wealth for all of his life, which also was a common trait of those within the Senate. This paper will prove the actions of both Cicero and Catiline through the use of examples from Cicero’s Orations Against Catiline. The political system of the Republic included the role of having a consul whom was a magistrate that controlled the Republic.
Socrates believes that justice benefits the just, but also benefits the city (other people) too. He is faced with a seemingly simple choice, escape Athens or remain in prison and be sentenced to death. Socrates’ central argument against escaping his circumstances is twofold. First, Socrates argues that “one must never do wrong.” (49b)
Plato’s: “Obedience to the State” is a passage that takes place after Socrates has been condemned to death by the jury of Athens. Crito, a student of Socrates appears outside of his cell and makes one last attempt to persuade Socrates to flee Athens and save his life. Crito makes many valid points in trying to convince Socrates to escape, but Socrates feels he should accept the decisions that has been made regardless of the lethal ramifications. The following paragraphs will analyze Crito’s arguments and Socrates response, as well as express how Socrates position is the stronger due to his knowledge of justice. While trying to appeal to Socrates emotions, Crito begins his argument by stating how the public would accuse him of not helping
However, the conspirators felt that rulers abuse their powers when they separate it from compassion: “Th' abuse of greatness is when it disjoins remorse from power.” (2.1 18-19) Brutus was concerned that Caesar was ambitious and that alongside power he could become dangerous.
In the Republic, Plato confers with other philosophers about the true definition of justice. Cephalus, Polemarchus, and Thrasymachus relay their theories on justice to Plato, when he inquires as to what justice is. Cephalus believes only speaking the truth and paying one’s debts is the correct definition of justice (The Republic, Book I). However, Plato refutes this with an example of a friend who has lost his wits and would be caused harm by repayment of a debt. This leads to Polemarchus’ view on justice, doing harm to one’s enemies and helping one’s friends.
The laws are suppose to protect the society and its people, yet when the order of the government turns corrupt, then the validity of everything is at stake. As one can see, the corrupt laws placed Socrates in prison and he chose to abide by the impartial laws in order to be consistent and loyal to the
Sophocles’ play Antigone, and Martin Luther king Jr’s Letter from Birmingham Jail analyze the underlying truth concerning their moral situations tied in with the legal systems of their times. Antigone was faced with whether to follow her heart and go against her very own uncle, while King himself did not face any personal dilemmas but was providing the intended audience a choice, either to side with his methods or fall in to the power of their faulty legal system. In this paper, I will argue how both pieces face different moral and legal dilemmas in their own unique way which ultimately questions the jurisdictions set forth by those in power. Does law reflect morality? In this short play, Antigone is faced with the choice to either bury Polynecies
The aforementioned quote leaves room for rulers, both legislative and executive, to rule justly on behalf of the public good of the community. Sherwood affirms this position saying, “It is of importance that all order of men be faithful in their several departments, for defending and promoting the public good.” Sherwood now identifies the present dangers he identifies in 1774 when he delivers his
Define the term policy and give one concrete example for each of the following at the national level: foreign policy, economic policy, and social policy. Answer: The National level refers to the Federal level, the 3 branches of the U.S. government. The Constitution does not say anything about "foreign policy," but it does make clear who is in charge of America's official relationship with the rest of the world.
The Council of Elders had a magnificent and immense power within the Sparta’s. It prepared the laws for the assembly to vote on, and it had the power to eradicate any unwanted law. Furthermore, once the laws were elected and confirmed, they served for life. The Ephors, a group of officials, decided on criminal cases with the council of elders .
2.1.1 Definition of Public Policy Many theorists define “Policy” and “Public Policy” in several ways, depending on their objectives and on the direction of study and analysis. For example, Dye (2004) described Public Policy as what a government has chosen to practice or not to practice. While, Anderson (1979) states that the public policy is a moving direction and is set up to solve problems. In addition, Laswell and Kaplan (Lasswell & Kaplan, 1970, p. 71) define public policy as “a project or programs of goals, values, and practices.” Easton (1960) defines "Policy" as the authoritative allocation of values for the benefit of the public as a whole.
Throughout the 13th and 14th centuries, the judges in England created the ‘Common Law’ which was a system based on strict rules and precedents. However, this dependence on judicial precedents resulted in Common Law becoming rigid and restrictive. Hence, litigants who were unable to obtain a remedy or who found the result produced under the Common Law System harsh, petitioned to the King. Due to a large number of petitions made to the King, the duty to deal with these petitions was then transferred to the Lord Chancellor who was known as the ‘Keeper of the King’s conscience’.