( Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, 1774) The meaning is moral pain is same as physical pain, and when someone suffers a lot of moral pain, he can not live too. Except love, Werther is pessimistic when he faces other problems. He signs: “That the life of man is but a dream, many a man has surmised heretofore; and I, too, am everywhere pursued by this feeling. When I consider the narrow limits within which our active and inquiring faculties are confined; when I see how all our energies are wasted in providing for mere necessities, which again have no further end than to prolong a wretched existence.”
Men, on the other hand, offer more forgiveness toward women for adultery. In The Scarlet Letter, the Boston women reproach Hester and the men are more merciful towards her. This novel depicted seventeenth century women’s views of adulterous women as well as accurately describing how women in the twenty-first century see adulterous
Tom Buchanan is an arrogant, controlling man, who does what he wants not considering about how his actions influence those around him. Tom is also the earliest person to use physical violence in the book, striking Myrtle in a fit of rage when she would not stop shouting Daisy 's name. "Some time toward midnight Tom Buchanan and Mrs. Wilson stood face to face discussing, in impassioned voices, whether Mrs. Wilson had any right to mention Daisy 's name. "Daisy! Daisy!
Introduction In the short story “The Scarlet Ibis”, by James Hurst, it tells about a boy and his crippled brother. Throughout the story there are many events that depicts how the brothers are different and how the narrator is embarrassed by him. The theme of this story is that pride and ego can be harmful.
The repetition of king’s show how arrogant Ozymandias was, yet when compared to the crumbling ruins of his statue, the poet undermines him and shows that he did not last forever as he thought he would. The audience of the era twinkle’s on the effects it can have on people and how long it can last before the eternal truth (religion) conquers it. The modern audience zoom in on the irony of “Ozymandias” which cuts much deeper as the audience realizes that the forces of mortality and mutability, described brilliantly in the concluding lines, will erode and destroy all our
Another reason why a Separate Peace is a pessimistic novel is because it tells of a character who maliciously expressed his pettiness and jealousy to his friend through harm. During the entire novel Gene is rude to Finny for an unreasonable and unrealistic reason and “jounces the limb” to prove it. Gene’s jealousy of Finny’s natural talent drove their friendship to the point where it slowly disintegrates into anarchy and denial. All of these roots stemmed off from the moment when Gene- in his moment of hesitancy- shook the limb so that Finny would fall and shatter his leg ultimately crippling him from playing any physical sport ever again. Throughout the entire novel, Finny was completely unaware that his best friend would ever hurt him in such a way.
Myrtle is accustomed to living an underprivileged life where feminine power engulfs her, but Tom is too egotistical to allow Myrtle to speak with such authority to him. Similarly, Gatsby’s need for assurance from Daisy pressures her into revealing to Tom that she never loved him (Fitzgerald 132). Deep down, Daisy knows that she truly did love Tom once, but Gatsby’s assertiveness and persistence drives her over the edge to telling Tom that what the two of them shared meant nothing to her. Daisy’s attribute of being a pushover is revealed immensely because she refuses to stand up for herself. Daisy is used to enabling Tom to constantly control all aspects of her life, and that leaves her powerless in society.
F. Scott Fitzgerald threads numerous tragic hero archetypal characteristics throughout The Great Gatsby to mold Jay Gatsby into a modern tragic hero. Similar to the Greek writer Sophocles in creating the tragic hero Oedipus , Fitzgerald creates his tragic hero with a fatal flaw that ultimately leads to his downfall. While Oedipus exhibits the fatal flaw of hubris, Gatsby displays the character trait of naivety. Gatsby’s naiveness, shown through his pursuit of Daisy Buchanan, drives him to his eventual death.
A quote that stood out was, “How much I love you, Lenina,”(191) because of how this is the first time those words are uttered from a character. I think Huxley will later reveal why John rejected Lenina when she offered herself to him and I think love is going to be further spoken of and explored due to the fact that it involves a Savage who was raised around married couples and a Beta who was conditioned to think that promiscuity is what is
Tom’s altercation with Myrtle accentuates his hypocrisy and lack of self-control; while he doesn’t feel guilty for cheating on Daisy with Myrtle, he feels that he has the right to maintain his authority over Myrtle. In this same scene, Myrtle, who is also drunk, draws attention to the negative aspects of her personality.
Slapstick comedy also brings out Sebastian and Olivia’s identities. “Cesario” placates Feste’s wordplay and desperately avoids fighting with Sir Toby whereas Sebastian jumps in ready to fight two men in the same breath. Similarly, Olivia thinks she needs to help the previously weak “Cesario” and relishes in an attempt to control such a malleable young man. Ironically, she immediately blames the violence on Sir Toby which would align with “Cesario’s” disposition but it is actually Sebastian causing trouble. Speaking of irony, a few lines before meeting Olivia, Sebastian asks “Are all the people mad” (25) before quickly devolving into the very madness he spoke against when he says “If it be thus to dream, still let me sleep!”
In fact, John was flirting with Abigail in the first act. John reprimands Elizabeth for playing God, when he does the same to the community. What makes John’s vicious and uncalled for assertion even more distasteful, is the fact that he says he should have “roared” Elizabeth down when she first accused him. Again, John seems to forget that he is the transgressor. His harsh behavior and tone towards Elizabeth almost makes it seem as if he is putting the blame on her, as if she was not suppose to confront him about adultery and just metaphorically be a doormat.
In ‘My Last Duchess’ the duke couldn’t love his wife as she was too flirtatious and too easily made happy. The monologues satiric condemnation of the duchess as she “liked whate’er/ She looked on” and “blushed” as “she thanked men” is heavy in irony, for in each criticism he bestows on the late duchess, the duke reveals his own distasteful nature. This is in stark contrast to Porphyria’s lover, who killed out of a warped sense of love. The speakers desperation to keep his lover forever and shut out society’s unjust rules on social standings, led him to “strangle her”, which is also a metaphor for being strangled by his emotions, subtly reaching for sympathy from the audience.
The hero represents a person’s unconscious self, one that eventually manifests into their identity. Furthermore, each hero undergoes a journey, one that takes them through the three rites of passage: separation, initiation, and return. The ideas of Joseph Campbell and psychiatrist Carl Jung combine to create a series of alluring archetypes that have been historically accurate throughout numerous books and movies. The idea of the hero’s journey is present in The Great Gatsby, To Kill a Mockingbird, and Of Mice and Men. Each of these novels communicates the physical journey in a different way, but the psychology behind each step remains relatively consistent.
The American dream is an opportunity to start a new life for oneself and others. American Dream is important for our American culture today because for one to dream and succeed is a proud moment. In our society today an American dream is a literary trope due to its a repeated allegory with recurring images or figure of speech. For example a feature that makes the American dream a literary trope is by symbolism, such as in the video “ American Oxygen” of flags, liberty, soldiers,etc, idealing the greatness of America and different types of the American dream. Following in the article by John Steinbeck stating “ No one can define it or point to anyone person who lives it, but it is very real nevertheless,perhaps more real than that equally remote dream…”, illustrating The American dream is free for all as long as we work for it but some might consider The American dream as a disillusion.