The Nature Of Nature: What Is Human Nature?

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What is Human Nature? The definition of philosophy is the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence. This all has a connection with our question of what is human nature. We know that humans are capable of thinking, complex problem solving and long term memory. Animals on the other hand simply act based on their instincts and appetite, they can’t understand change, communicate with themselves, think about themselves in the world and so on. This is what sets us apart from animals. There are four major positions on the question of what is human nature: Plato, Aristotle, Religion and Science. Plato divides the human being into two component parts: the body and the soul. The body is seen as the temporary constraint…show more content…
The religious position argues that humans are made in the image of god. They are like divine beings because they contain something of the ability to love and know that characterizes their Creator. The abilities to love and to know- will and intellect-are the distinguishing characteristics of human beings in the Judeo-Christian view. The christian view contends that the purposes of life are loving god and serving god. These are open to all, whatever their level of intelligence. These religious view foster the idea of a moral self: Each of is capable of great good, but also great evil. Refusing to serve and love god is the greatest evil. We do good when we make God the centre of our lives; we do wrong when we retreat from this commitment. Plato strongly influenced Christian thought and Christians like Augustine adopted Plato’s view that the self or soul is rational, immaterial, and immortal and not basically self-interested. In many ways, the rationalistic and Judeo-Christian view of human nature is appealing. It describes something that most of us have experienced: the conflict between what our reason wants and what our desires pull us toward. It provides an uplifting picture of human beings. Reason will set us apart from all other creatures, making us “like” God and capable of choosing between good and evil. The rationalistic and Judeo-Christian view argues for a self that is spiritual and so can survive the death of it’s…show more content…
He proposed two main ideas. The first one is that because animals produce more offspring than can survive, they are continuously caught in an great “struggle for existence” - that is, they must continuously compete with one another to stay alive. For example: a newborn cat starts it’s life having to compete with it’s many siblings as they all struggle to suckle from their mother’s few nipples. Later the cat must compete with other cats for mates and food. Throughout it’s life he struggles to stay away from wolves and other predators. Always it must struggle against heat and cold, sun and snow, droughts and storms. This a life and death struggle for every animal, and many fall by the wayside and

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