Throughout the story Frankenstein, we can see and interpret many themes. One of these, in particular, is that the desire for revenge leads to destruction. Both of the main characters are dead set on revenge throughout parts of the story, which ultimately leads to their fates. Mary Shelley develops the theme in Frankenstein, the desire for revenge leads to destruction, in a variety of ways. The first of those is when the creature kills William because he heard the name Frankenstein.
However, after it is abandoned and mistreated first by Victor and then by the De Lacey family, the monster turns to revenge, it became blinded, and “...feelings of revenge and hatred filled [its] bosom… [and it] bent [its] mind towards injury and death” (Shelley 99). These events caused the monster to devote its sole purpose to enacting revenge on those who wronged it.
The problem Victor tried to avoid was the reproduction of the two monsters. This would leave him responsible for an entire race of monsters, holding him accountable for all disasters and misery. Victor, also, is interested in creations by himself without the help of a woman. Victor’s destruction of the female monster can be viewed as an act of anti-feminism. Fearing the progression of a female monster, Victor destroys the almost finished female creature, leaving the first monster vowing vengeance on Victor because he has doomed his life of loneliness and despair.
Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein follows the story of a scientist and his experiment gone wrong. Victor Frankenstein, the scientist, abandons his creature at the first sight of it coming to life. The monster, left alone and afraid, transforms from a warm, loving character to one that seeks revenge as the toils of nature and reality begin to take control. Their title changes of “master” and “subordinate” are often referenced in Frankenstein, and plays off the feelings of vengeance they have for each other. Shelley has built the novel around this relationship in a way that captures not only the audience’s attention but also the character’s feelings of regret and hatred as the consequences of exceeding these moral boundaries come to haunt them in the decisions they make and influence the people around them.
His hatred for Victor was so intense, it fueled a mad desire for revenge. On page 102, when the monster learns that William is a Frankenstein, he says “you belong then to my enemy,” having never actually met Victor in person. He hated his creator to such a degree that he was willing to do anything to hurt him. The monster was right, however, in hating Victor because of Victor’s terrible treatment and disposition towards the monster. The first wrong that Victor committed was making the monster unbearably ugly.
He calls on the “spirits of the dead” and “wandering ministers” so that the “cursed and hellish monster drink deep of agony” and feel “the despair that now torments me”(179). The monster is also capable of wanton destruction when he burns down the DeLaceys’ house and dances “with fury around the devoted cottage”(123) like a savage. Finally, the monster seems to enjoy the pain he causes Frankenstein: “your sufferings will satisfy my everlasting hatred” (181) he writes to Victor. Were these pieces of evidence taken out of context, the reader would surely side with Frankenstein. But Shelley prevents such one-sidedness by letting the monster tell his version of the story.
Comparison can be made between Ahab and the monster in Frankenstein on the basis of revenge that the monster wanted to take from Victor. Victor lost all the power over his creation when the monster killed William. Frankenstein immediately felt responsible for the crime because he never made his creation to go around and kill people. After destroying the work of second creature, the monster threaten Victor saying that, “Remember that I have power; you believe yourself miserable, but I can make you so wretched that the light of day will be hateful to you. You are my creator, but I am your master;—obey!” (Shelly, 192).
The creation was driven by revenge and became a real monster. He swears to take revenge on his creator, Victor, so he killed Victor’s friends and family one by one. In the end, the monster also killed Victor’s wife Elizabeth. It wanted Victor to know how it felt during its life, lonely and misunderstood. In the middle of the novel, Victor makes a statement to Walton about his destiny, trying to use his own experience to exhort, change, and prevent Walton’s desire and passion for adventure.
As the creation makes his way out into the world, he receives hatred for his repulsive countenance. As a result, the creation decides to get revenge on Victor by killing all of his loved ones, consequently causing Victor and the creation to devote their lives to obtaining vengeance upon one another. By giving her characters the trait of ambition, Mary Shelley uses her novel, Frankenstein, to express that going beyond the limits of ambition can cause people to negatively change who they are in society. Early in the book, as Victor starts to construct the creation, he becomes passionate in his work,
“I was seized by remorse and the sense of guilt, which hurried me away to hell of intense tortures such as no language can describe.” (Frankenstein 101) Frankenstein is a novel written by Mary Shelley. This quote was said by Victor Frankenstein explaining how he felt about Justine’s trial after the death of William. Once Justine’s trial ended in her death, Victor became very guilty because he knew that this all started because of his passion and ignorance that led to the creation of his dream. His guilt made him flee from his family and separate himself from society. While on his expedition he ran into his creation which made him seem more monster than human.
Victor and the Creature have a true vengeance for one another. The true source of Victor and the Creature 's animosity is their unparalleled hatred for themselves. Victor blames himself for the deaths of his friends when he says, "I am the cause of this-I murdered her. William, Justine and Henry-they all died by my hands”(136). This is essentially true because it was Frankenstein who created the Creature and made him a monster by abandoning him.