The MS School’s approach and methodology were also critiqued which Smith addressed in a 1986 essay where he describes his approach as having been a “naïvely inductive examination of nineteenth-century American attitudes towards the West.” (Symbol and Idea 27) Smith acknowledged that by primarily focusing on literature and avoiding dealing with “conflicts that are ideological in the political sense,” (Symbol and Idea 21) the MS School’s approach had itself evoked a mythic and romanticized image of the West. This point has also been one of the objections from critics of the MS School: that there is a “lack of clarity about the relations between facts and the myths that spun around them.” (Fabian, The West 130) This is also noted by Bruce Kuklick who states that “symbols and myths at best reflect empirical fact, and so are never themselves factual.” (436) The MS School were also critiqued for their narrow sense of what constitutes an ‘American’ as well as having ignored the “fact that the myth of virgin land actually served the economic interests of railroad promoter and land speculators, narrowly, and industrial capitalist, more generally.” (Fabian, The West
Muslims are also to blame for bringing terrorism to America and have gained so much power that they put fear in the citizens of victimized countries (Moore 1). The measure that criminals go to commit hate crimes is just devastating and harsh. These kinds of violence cause harm and strike fear in people not only in London but also places hearing of these horrific events. Nobody wants to be harassed or attacked for something that certain individuals in their culture did, and be stereotyped as that one
In his book “The Other Question”, Homi Bhabha argues that “the colonial subject is returned to the narcissism of the Imaginary and its identification of an ideal ego that is white and whole.”8 Bhabha here criticizes the narcissistic discourse used by the colonizer to impose authority over the colonized .He tackles also “the positivity of whiteness”9 that has been affirmed repeatedly in the European discourse. Edward Said, on the other hand, admits the impact of affirmation as a rhetorical trope in the construction of ideologies; Said states that concepts such as “Orient” and “West” are “made up of human effort, partly affirmation, partly identification of the Other.”10 Besides, Spurr is not the only one who considers Kipling’s white man as a manifestation of affirmation in the colonial
In both the book and the movie propaganda was used to maintain power and control over the people of the society. The government in the book and the movie both represent totalitarianism, (Pierce, 2015). Fear is a strong, uncontrollable, unpleasant emotion caused by actual or perceived danger, (fear, 2015). It is one of the most important propaganda technique used in both “Nineteen Eighty-four”, and “Equilibrium”. We recognise fear used in “Nineteen Eighty-four”, because the people fear for their
Scrutinizing Roth’s Middle East novel, the Counter-life, it becomes obvious that the book could be interpreted in two different ways. On the surface, the text gives an immediate impression that the author aims to introduce the Palestinian-Israeli conflict from a neutral perspective different from anti-Arab treatments advocated by pro-Zionist writers well-known in the American literary canon. Nevertheless, a contrapuntal reading of the novel provides evidence that writing can never be a neutral activity. Interpreting the Middle East conflict in terms that the West could easily accept, the author develops a narrative strategy through which the displaced Palestinian is either silenced or assigned a status of inferiority and decadence. In other words, the authorial attempt to create a Palestinian counter narrative of the Arab-Israeli conflict is totally undermined by a
Racism is very much a current issue in our contemporary world. The film, Dear White People, presented a powerful and thought-provoking view on the issue of racism, its effects on society and society’s reaction to it. Racism is a systematic problem that exists in many forms as people perceive and understand racism differently. The issue of white privilege, institutional racism, intersectionality, identity and sexism are interconnected with the issue of racism. Accordingly, I will argue that racism remains to be an issue that exists in our contemporary world.
Sexism Behind the Scenes and On the Screens Sexism is one of the biggest problems that the nation faces to this day. Sexism is weaved into society in numerous ways, from gender roles to the glass ceiling. The media is one of the largest influences on society and how people perceive societal values and is also one of the factors that distributes sexism into society. In specifics, the film industry and the portrayal of both men and women significantly impacts the way men and women believe they are meant to act and contribute to society. In the industry, sexism ranges from discrimination behind the scenes to the portrayal of women on the screens.
How does the media influence the perception of Muslim identity? The delineation of Muslims in the news. There is a present obsession in standard media and insightful talk identifying with Islam and the West. This present obsession is tinged with negative signifiers with the overall media's overwhelmingly negative portrayal of Islam and Muslims, depicting Muslims generally as awful, over the top, intolerant, or as fan and terrorists. These examples demonstrate the hugeness of the topic, which has significance for various countries in Asia and Africa where Muslims can be found.
This was realized – in the West – through the use of formalism supported by the ideology of rational and correct bureaucracy reflecting the thesis of Western modern work ethic (Herzfeld 1993, 19). The bureaucratic indifference generated by the routinization of activities was and is highly related to the legitimating of the bureaucratic positions: something which links more closely the Eastern and Western history of
Antagonism can be defined as active hostility or opposition. India has a long tradition of religious tension. One of the most significant sustained religious conflicts has been between the Hindus and Muslims. This essay will focus on the causes of the Hindu-Muslim antagonism, and will at same time assess the quote of Sir S.A Khan. 1.
Images of Muslims are constantly recycling in American culture, whether accurate or neutral, images of Muslims presented in mainstream media and cultural forms are usually tied to terrorism. Although they existed before, stereotypes have emerged since 9/11. The reaction to them has increased, they are seen in movies, news media, political debates, and it distorts the way every Muslim is now seen. Peter Morey and Amina Yaqin in Framing Muslims: Stereotyping and representation after 9/11, suggest that Muslims tend to always appear as a problematic presence whenever they are represented.Stereotyping fixes certain characteristics, Muslims are now stigmatized as a threatening to society. Agreeing with what Morey and Yaqin have to say, Mohammed Saleem and Michael Thomas studied the reporting of September 11th terrorist attacks in textbooks and found that Muslim Americans are misrepresented.
As a result, the belief of White superiority continue to exist in current American society. As mention earlier, these Anti-Asian laws reflect on violence and discrimination that Asian American still currently face. For instance, majority of Asian still face stereotype at the public places. The Asians are being label as hard workers, exotic, and wild. To further illustrate, increasing number of South Asians American experience “stereotyping, discrimination, and racial profiling” (45) after 9/11.
The United States faces many challenges today. In today’s society, racial profiling and terrorism would be at the top of the list. Racial profiling is widespread and has tremendous effects on the communities of color, national origin, and ethnicity. With the heightened awareness of terrorism in the United States, citizens have become fearful of other races and ethnicities. Racial profiling speculating that certain individuals are more likely to be involved in criminal activity or terrorism based on their race or ethnicity.
The media is a large aspect of society today around the world, and one of the ways the media is being used is to influence the public to believe a bad portrayal of Muslims. Currently Muslims around the world, but mainly in the United States are facing hate crimes. The largest influence on hate crimes is the fear that the media put in the public about Muslims, which creates Islamophobia, which is the dislike of our prejudice against Islam or Muslims. Islamophobia is a political platform used especially in America that politicians believe will lead to their win. The United States needs to change the way the media reports and should make sure that the media is used to inform the