Child labor These days, most of countries suffer from some crises such as economical and security crises. Unfortunately, this crises lead to many bad habits, such as child labor. According to international labor organization, child labor is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that it is harmful to physical and mental development. In many points of view, I am against the child labor no matter what for many reasons. The child growth period is a very important.
Around the world there are millions of people that are trapped in child labor which is a major setback in their education, health and which forces them to spend their life in sufferings and poverty. Child labor is not confined to only one sector it is spread over several sectors, including agriculture, manufacturing, mining and domestic service. Child labor is a great threat for many developing countries. Not only on social grounds, it is also not desirable from an economic point of view as it hinders and create barriers for human capital advancement in the long run. Developing countries which have high rate of population are often resource-stricken which means that any enhancement in the quality of human capital will improve the growth level of the economy.
This consequence of children in the workforce affects people on a national level, making it the most acute, or widespread effect. The ILO wrote that "...the key to a prospering economy is to have an educated workforce equipped with skills needed in the industry" (“Child Labor in India” Wikipedia). However, children in child labor often work as an alternative to an education, and to the children who want schooling, child labor is a barrier to education. This leads to a less educated workforce later on, hindering the national economy. Additionally, child labor also drags down individuals' earnings.
Causes like those of hunger, unstable housing, and lack of funding lead to poor performance, worse standardized test scores, and a lack of social development and belonging among peers. Poverty in Schools Poverty by definition is the lacking of stable resources to meet one’s basic needs. Children and their families face it on a varying scale worldwide, but the problem has always been prevalent. However, in a first world country such as the United States, more must be done to lessen its effects on the nation’s children. Public schools were created with the intent to level out the educational field, and provide equal opportunities to learn to all students regardless of income.
For the household sector, if a family does not have access to child labour, their daily livelihood will be affected as they cannot provide for themselves without the extra funds the children provide. This will affect the lives of the whole family and they would be unable to survive, harming the entire family in the long run. Poor families mostly rely upon child labour in order to improve their livelihood and to survive for the next day. They have insufficient funds to provide for clothing, food, shelter and necessities, therefore they have to send their children to work. Also, as poorer families do not have access to free education, the children will still not have a chance to go to school.
If children live in poverty or can’t obtain any food to eat, their future will have major consequences to come. “Poverty can affect every aspect of a child’s development, limiting their social, educational and personal development” (http://www.gateshead.gov.uk). They can’t focus in the work, suffer through poor health, less likely to have a good jobs as adults, more likely to leave school before high school graduation, and less likely to have major opportunities. They are more likely to stay at home, working to try and help their families without having an opportunity await them. Crime is also a negative effect to people that goes through poverty.
This reports focuses on two major reasons: the lack of education, the increase on the production cost, and the One Child Policy. 2.1 Lacking chances to be educated The lack of education of Chinese child is one of the major reasons of child labour. As the educational fees in China are high, it is not affordable to the families from rural areas and they cannot afford the expensive expenditures on education for their children or send their children the nearest schools by making long journeys (Myers, 2013). Hence, children who lack the chances of education are often forced to get into the labour force to earn money to make financial contributions to their family. 2.2 Rising cost of production As the International Labor Rights Forum(2008) states, “rising cost of labor, energy and raw material, and labor shortages have forced some factory owners to cut costs or find new sources of cheap labour, including child labour.” The excess demand on the labour force will continuously motivate the irregular use of children as the drastically declining population caused by the population control of Chinese government (Myers, 2013).
This is a challenge because the children do not have the essential equipment and tools needed in order to help them learn, develop new skills or read and write. This is a huge problem in South Africa as our future generation is not being exposed to proper education that they will need in order to carry out our country’s legacy and sustain this beautiful country. Introducing Mills sociological approach into this content we can look at this challenge in a broader context. The personal trouble would be that the children are not being exposed to the proper education they need and will struggle when they get to high school. This could lead to the children becoming frustrated, despondent or even rebellious, which could even result in the increase of crime and drugs in South Africa.
These chocolates may seem tasty to us, but it is a really different story for the kids that work tirelessly every day. Also, these kids don 't even go to school, just to make a few dollars a day to help their families. Child labour may seem beneficial to companies that hire children, but what they may not know is that making kids work has many negative impacts on the childhood of children from toddlers-teens. (https://youtu.be/KXWFXeIZY9g) Kids are working more than 12 hours a day, getting injured and not going to school. In return they make a few dollars a day.
Because of this, victims are more likely to commit suicide. Poverty also puts insane amounts of stress on a family, and this tenseness can lead to things like child abuse and drug use, along with a higher chance of accidents. These people know how hard it is to escape poverty, so many of them do not even try, and just rely on alcohol and drugs to live in peace. The biggest effect of poverty, however, is lack of education. Approximately 70 million children worldwide cannot afford to attend school, because it means leaving their jobs and paying for school supplies and transportation.