The Negative Effects Of Oil Spills And Environmental Effects On The Environment

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A form of pollution where there is a sudden release of liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment is called an oil spill. Mostly, oil spills are due to releases of crude oil from tankers, offshore platforms, as well as drilling rigs. Moreover, oil spills could result in devastating consequences economically, environmentally, and socially. As a result, oil spills brings forth political uproar, concerns of government responses, and ideas to clean and prevent oil spills (Broekema). Environmentally speaking, oil spills are extremely harmful to the environment. In general, oil spills affect animals and plants in two ways: directly from the oil or the clean up process. Oil often penetrates plumage of birds and furs of animals (“Lingering...spill”). In result, it reduces insulating ability which makes them more vulnerable to temperature variation. Furthermore, animals who rely on scent to find their babies cannot due to the strong scent of oil. Thus, many baby birds and animals starve to death, because their parents cannot detect their body scent. Also, animals often become blind due to repeated exposure to the oil. More importantly, studies have shown that less than one percent of oil-soaked birds survive (“Expert..Birds”). Interestingly, there is no direct correlation of the amount of oil spilled and the environmental impact. A oil spill during a wrong season or time could be much more harmful than a larger oil spill in another time of the year. Scientifically

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