4.1) HEALTH PROBLEMS: 4.1.1) Heart Diseases The cause of the heart diseases can came from many factors. Sometimes the danger factor is family history. Those with parents or close relatives with heart disease are more likely to develop it themselves.
The rate of synthesis and the half-life of surfactant are influenced by many factors. Surfactant synthesis and turnover in preterm infants using stable isotopes of glucose, acetate and palmitic acid demonstrates that synthesis from glucose to surfactant phosphatidylcholine (PC) takes approximately 19 hours and reaches a peak at 70 hours after labeling. The absolute production rate of PC is 4.2 mg/kg/day while the half-life is 113 (± 25) hours (Bunt et al., 1998). The fractional synthesis rate of surfactant PC from plasma palmitate was significantly higher than that from palmitate synthesized de novo from acetate or glucose, but only accounted for half of the total surfactant production in preterm infants (Bohlin et al.,
In some cases, it has been observed that women in their mid to late thirties hit menopause much earlier than others. While, others don’t experience menopause until their mid to late fifties. The majority of women experience the change in their late forties and early fifties, with as many as ten to fifteen years of premenopausal symptoms. Some women have very few symptoms associated with menopause.
Perforated duodenal ulcer is mainly a disease of young men but owing to increased smoking and drinking habits in women, NSAID abuse in all the age groups and work related stress, from past few decades peptic ulcer is commonly reported in all adult young population. Up to 80% of patients with perforated duodenal ulcers are Helicobacter pylori positive.
The study was conducted by surveying 2,199 adolescents from the data of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The adolescents were asked to do a Depression Screener and also were asked questions that consisted to spot the depression signal. The results were that female adolescents tends to usually have higher depression rate than male adolescents. According to the study, girls are more likely to have higher depression rates because their puberty usually occurs earlier than male adolescent (Moreh and O’Lawrence, 2016) “Depressive disorders are more than twice as common in girls as in boys possibly because of differences in coping styles during puberty” (Bhatia & Bhatia, 2007). Puberty usually causes adolescents to enter depression because of the changes they have to adapt to, which usually gives them stress.
It is noticed that the individuals who smoke have 200 to 400 percent higher odds of a heart assault than non-smokers. 21. Smoking funnels and stogies are as perilous for your wellbeing as smoking a cigarette may be. 22. Ardi Rizal, a 2-year-old from Indonesia stood out as truly newsworthy in 2010 because of his smoking propensities.
High schools that offer comprehensive programs have a high success rate. Successful sex education programs prevent STD 's and unplanned pregnancies. According to the CDC, “the United States has the highest rates of teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases in the developed world” (McMahon, Stokely.) Teenage mothers are more likely to become drop-outs living in poverty. Sex education programs are an important factor in our younger generation’s lives.
According to the researcher, a high BMI of over 30 kg/m2 in the pre-pregnancy period increases the chances of adverse effects on the mother and the child. The mother has an increased risk of mortality, pre-eclampsia, and gestational diabetes and the child is at risk of congenital anomalies, infant mortality and reduced rate of breastfeeding. The researcher does not bring out the problem directly but argues that in the UK and internationally, the number of women who are obese during pregnancy is on the rise and this means an increase in the healthcare cost of managing these women. The main problem is that despite there being guidelines and standards of care published internationally, and pathways of care developed, a barrier to the practice
Adult women under the age of 65 in the USA report more doctor visits than men, with the gender gap broadest among people aged 18-44. This is because of medical care associated with reproduction (NCHS 2006). Moreover, men drink alcohol more, and more often, than women and are more than twice as likely to die from chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (Miniño et al 2006). Possibly most importantly, more men smoke cigarettes than women, even though this difference is basically non-existent at younger ages. Smoking is particularly significant in this case because approximations suggest that increasing rates of smoking among men, relative to women, accounted for 75% of the increase in the gender gap in mortality between 1910 and 1962 (Retherford 1975).Current approximations suggest that smoking accounts for 25% of the overall sex mortality difference, and much more when cancer and respiratory disease mortality are separately considered (Rogers & Hummer
However, during pregnancy, the estrogen levels in the body are higher and this increases the duration of the growing stage. This means that most women enjoy a thick and luxurious mane of hair during pregnancy. After childbirth, the estrogen levels fall dramatically and lots of hair enters the resting stage. This makes you lose a lot more hair in a very short span of time.
Violence is also associated with an increase in premature birth, as was seen during times of war. Perinatal mortality and morbidity more than doubled in Sarajevo, and there was a rise in congenital malformations from 0.4% to 3% during the war. Outside a war zone, a meta-analysis on abuse during pregnancy showed a 1.4 times higher chance of low birth weight. In Colombia, it was observed a decline in age at menarche during periods with high homicide rates, suggesting that psychosocial prompts can alter the developmental trajectory of young
The top substance abuse diagnoses in 2005 among Native American children and adolescents were alcohol and cannabis abuse (Bureau for Substance Abuse Treatment and Prevention 2005). Native Youth are at a high risk for inhalants usage compared to non-Indian youth (Young, 1987). The prevalence of alcohol dependence in the Navajo nation is relative high 70.4% for men and 29.6% for female. However, the alcohol dependence among the Navajos is low
Over decades there has been many different case studies on drug addiction. Drugs like opioids have the same high and side effects as a poppy plant. Opioids is a pain reliever and they cost a lot more than drugs. Opioids is like hydrocodone, oxycodone, morphine and codeine. The president thinks the drug addiction and alcohol abuse is an epidemic because there
The demographic, academic and economical factors frame this model to present relevant concerns the United States Department of Health & Human Services has regarding excessive drinking. This model represent (but not limited to) the HHS focus of study among excessive drinking in adolescents between the ages of 12-20 who have reported drinking in the past month. Race Ethnicity - The fastest growing ethnic groups regarding excessive alcohol consumption in U.S is Whites and Asian American, respectfully. African Americans and Latinos have the lowest rate of monthly and heavy drinking. Among gender in adolescence men are more likely to drink than women and consume more alcohol overall.
Most children born to mothers who’ve smoked suffer from respiratory distress such as asthma, allergies, and sinus. Smoking during pregnancy has been linked to other long term such as learning disabilities, attention-deficient hyperactivity disorder, increased risk of nicotine addiction, and also behavioral problems. According to Alphonso, “…study found pregnant women with a history of antisocial behavior…are almost 70 percent more likely to have a violent child if they smoke 10 cigarettes a day,” (“Smoking in Pregnancy”).