The Negative Effects Of Work Stress

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2.1 Introduction A literature review is the text of the scientific papers, which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources. Literature review provide researcher with a handy guide to a particular topic. This handout will explain what literature reviews are and offer insights into the form and construction of literature reviews in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences.
In this chapter the researcher determined what are the factors of stress that affect the health of technical workers especially effect on physical and mental. Beside, this chapter also describes the relationship
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Stress may be experienced in all aspects of life; nonetheless, research suggests that an individual’s job may be the most salient source of stress and that occupations with a great deal of people-interactions are particularly stressful (Sulsky and Smith, 2005).
Stress is the reaction that people have to excessive pressure or other types of demand placed on them. It arises when they worry that they cannot cope. The pressures of working life can lead to stress if they are excessive or long-term. Examples of long-term or chronic stress are the fear, frustration and anger that may be produced by an unhappy relationship with one’s boss or with a difficult customer, and the unhappiness of an unsuitable job. Up to a certain point an increase in pressure will improve performance and the quality of life (Selye,
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The strains caused by stress are: lower physical health which is manifested as heart disease, insomnia, headaches, and infections (Jagdish K. Dua, 1994). Occupational stress may cause physical, mental and social illness for healthcare professionals. It is associated with the following:
 chronic fatigue (Van der Ploeg and Kleber, 2003);
 disordered eating (King et al., 2009);
 headaches (Schaubroeck and Fink, 1998);
 increased blood pressure (Melamed et al., 2001);
 increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (Espnes and Byrne, 2008); and
 musculoskeletal pains (Eriksen et al., 2003).

2.4.2 Mental health
Job related stressors and extraorganizational stressors cause stress which, in turn, causes strains. The strains caused by stress are: lower emotional health which is manifested as psychological distress, depression and anxiety (Jagdish K. Dua, 1994). Occupational stress may also cause psychological distress such as:
 emotional exhaustion (Coffey and Coleman, 2001; and Imai et al., 2004);
 mood disturbance (Healy and McKay, 2000);
 sleeping problems (Piko, 1999);
 lack of concentration (Shapiro et al., 2005);
 depression (Cho et al., 2008);
 anxiety (Bussing and Hoge, 2004); and
 suicidal ideation (O’connor et al., 2000).

2.5 Theoretical

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