Workers of the developing countries from Africa, Asia, Latin America, Middle East is working for cheap, low-skilled labor in industrialized countries. Small and medium size companies and labor–intensive economic sectors do not have the opportunity for integrating global economy. Because of these factors in a number of countries there are many “3-D” jobs which mean dirty, degrading and dangerous. The need for these workers also increased the undocumented, illegal migrants. High Skilled Labor Consequently, borders have been open by rich and industrialized states for professional, technical and skilled immigrants, in contrast to a dwindling acceptance rate of semiskilled and unskilled workers.
this indirectly impacts the economy because human capital is one of the strongest factors that contribute to the economic growth. To conclude, Income inequality has been a great debate between economists and different arguments have been discussed for both sides, but I believe that inequality is such an interesting phase for growth. Without it, productivity will not take place allowing benefits for different social classes and creating strong incentives for an overall better economy and social
The attitude of the host countries and the causes that lead to migration are some of the major factors that affect the life of migrants in the host country. In the age of globalisation, there is less physical dislocation than mental dislocation. Even though migrants face external problems like discrimination, assimilation, cultural changes, adaptation, struggle for survival, and identity crisis, their own inner problems like loneliness
Firstly, globalization only serves the interests of developed countries like the US, European countries, China, Singapore more than developing countries such as Vietnam, Thailand, Africa (Is globalisation, n.d.). According to Lianna Amirkhayan (n.d.), the uneven distribution makes a big difference in income between developed and developing countries. The rich countries still maintain their wealth which even double rich, compared to developing countries. Secondly, globalization creates a moving wave among people in developing countries. They move to other countries to find a better chance to work.
Be that as it may, the globalisation leads to economic and particularly trade-related competition between many nations. This often leads to aversion between the populations of different countries. It additionally contributes to ranking of the richer and more developed countries in the world; making underdeveloped countries feel inferior and subjugated. Such suppression leads to anger and violence in several cases. Incidents like these create more division than unity, and they build walls instead of bridges.
Critical analysis of push and pull factors of migration and with Also gendered migration Throughout human history migration has been part of human life. People have migrated between and within countries. With a compression of space and time by the process of globalization migration has escalated. The inequality and uneven economic development between and within countries has forced people from developing countries to developed countries and also from rural to urban areas. Lee (1966) introduced the concepts of push and pull factors as the determinants of migration.
Developing countries today are having a hard time to improve because of the self doubt and issues the colonization brought. In example, the wars—national and international—caused great dejection in the economies of the affected countries and some are still struggling to rise, whilst others were able to recover. However, on the other hand, one of the pro that came out of colonialism is the international trade that greatly helped countries. Although in the beginning, Europeans gained by the increased wealth through the industries and modernization, it also enabled the colonies to learn the stakes of industrialization. However, citing Amy Bhatt, who
The formation of colonies laid the groundwork for immigration between nations, slave trade too played a key role in the movement of people from one place to another. Today with the help of globalization we still see immigration but on a relatively smaller scale than during the colonial era, an important fact to be noted is that ever since the start immigration has been mainly to improve one’s economic situation in one way or another although it may not always be in the interest if the immigrant as seen in the in the case of slaves. Therefore we can see that immigration has almost always takes place in the hope to bring about economic prosperity. The effect of immigrants on the host country Immigrants directly affect the host nation; this may have positive or negative implications. The labor market performance of immigrants is used to measure the contribution made the immigrants.
Nowadays, in the light of the development in technology, especially in transportation and media, trade and communication has increased rapidly among countries. This trend is called globalization. Generally speaking, globalization has its own advantages and disadvantages. The development in international trade and communication has created employment and opportunities for millions of people, but it has also made poor countries poorer. In my opinion, globalization has both positive and negative aspects.
Migration is a process of moving from one place to another. Nowadays, people migrate because of social, environmental and political factors as well as for economic and cultural purposes. Through migration, economic growth can be sustained, job vacancies can be filled and immigrants bring innovation. But every action we take has negative consequences and these are: migrants may be exploited, there may be integration difficulties, increase in population and workers will work for low pay because this will allow their employers to ignore their productivity. It is clear that immigration can be economically beneficial for both countries of origin and host countries.
In recognition of the complexity wrought by socio-economic aspects of immigration, Guskin and Wilson (156) point out that both economic status and socio-cultural values immensely influence people’s opinions on the issue. For example, proponents would argue for immigration based on increased labor supply, while opponents argue against it based on the notion that immigrants occupy job positions that would otherwise have been filled by locals. In consideration of socio-cultural influences, opponents of immigration may exhibit aversion based on the thought that immigrants would corrupt the local culture, whereas supporters would perceive immigration as a way of enhancing American diversity for the better. Further acknowledging the multi-dimensional nature of immigration is Mohamed (299-301), who examines immigration from a political standpoint. This scholar notes that there are two principal political dimensions to immigration with the first relating to the tolerable number of