The advancement of civilization initiated in Mesopotamia as higher levels of development matured through added civilizations in agriculture, cities, government hierarchy, writing, and building. Agriculture was the base of life that created food surpluses, free time to build, time to learn, and time to develop new ideas. In the settling of nomads brought cities that fashioned together to proliferate in population, and with those numbers contribute to the community. Arising from equalitarian hunting and gathering societies, civilizations created hierarchical governments in order to deal with the complexities of food surpluses, ownership, complex societies, and religion. Writing gave way to a higher class of education that only those superior to others received in order to preserve knowledge; communication, on the other hand, was available to most lower and middle class.
This created vast differences in social development amongst societies. The advantages of looking at this theory towards the response of Yali’s question is because there is archeological proof that in a thriving environment, humans settled where there were fertile soil and abundance of livestock. We can attribute this to European dominance, they had favorable sources for planting and contact with animals. As they had more close contact with these animals, diseases begin to emerge slowly given them immunity to many diseases that the rest of the Earth’s population weren’t exposed to. Furthermore, as they expand in the East-west axis, they were able to cultivate some of the exported crops, exchange technology, and share ideas.
Corn and potatoes grew to become staple crops of Britain. Livestock breeds were utilized for other purposes and not their main use. People of Britain were making improvements on old methods. Americans bringing new and improved innovations hoping for earning in return, making daily lives of farmers effortless. The small strips of land formerly known as the public commons were then established into one large segment of land due to the act of enclosure.
In the course text, there is a note which states the thought of Adam Smith, who is the father of economics. Adam Smith states that an acre of potatoes has the three times the quantity of food produced from an acre planted with wheat. The plantation of potatoes were quite inexpensive when compared with plantation of wheat and he further adds that the potatoes are generally considered poor man’s crop as it was affordable by the laborers, who worked in the plantation. Adam Smith was very much interested in potatoes as it made a significant impact in the economy by increasing the population and the rents more than before. Maize is another crop which made a significant impact in France.
“An estimated eighty percent of food in grocery stores is available on the shelves, thanks to bee-pollinated crops.”(How Bees Benefit Others) Avocados, blueberries, and broccoli are just some crops that would very scarce if bees did not help us. Bees are like humans in the way that they affect almost everything they touch. Bees are magnificent by carrying out their daily task they spread life to our ecosystem. Bees spread this thin layer cotton candy... type layer of dust that soaks into every living thing. In this way bees give a boost of nutritiment that acts as Earth’s natural fertilizer.
Let’s take a look. Aztec Chinampas are floating gardens that can produce more crops than ordinary land. Marshy land was bad for crops, so they made Chinampas, or “floating gardens”, to grow their food. Chinampas were very successful in growing large amounts of food and sometimes was even better for plants. Although Chinampas didn’t always work, (flooding, etc.
So soon after the growing and farming of sugar became an easy task for humans, people like John Pemberton, the creator of the sugar filled drink Coca Cola™, discovered ways to make sugar into much more of a developed food such as candy, which can be traced back almost as far as 2,000 BC to the era of Ancient Egypt (Candy History). In addition to food, sugar was also used as an ingredient within drinks. Sugar was also used as an essential ingredient for much more filling foods than candy such as sugar cookies, which can be traced back to the 1700s in Pennsylvania. The candy and sugar cookies and the sucrose it contains, were eventually used for religious purposes such as egyptian candy being used to worship their gods and goddesses, and sugar cookies being left out for Santa Claus for the Christian holiday of Christmas (Candy History). Sugar not only revolutionized eating and drinking, but also helped start and spark inspiration towards religious services and traditions.
Adding spices like cumin and thyme added more flavor to their meals. A beverage they would have would be beer, something that they created originally. Grain was not only to make bread, but also was collected by the pharaoh as taxes. For upperclassmen, they occasionally used hunting and fishing as a sport, and to later end up eating what they have caught. Originally, before horses were introduced, hunting was done on foot, usually they hunted in bands to lead the animals in netted enclosures.
The Neolithic Revolution was started in 9000 BCE in the middle east which then was spread out to other countries. The Neolithic revolution was considered a turning point because people change the way they lived. The changes that were made from Paleolithic to Neolithic were that people were nomadic, which then changed to sedentary in the Neolithic revolution. Another turning point was that after the Paleolithic Era people had found agricultural land in the middle east that was good for farming which made people settle permanently. The Neolithic Revolution is considered a turning point because people change the way they lived which made it easier because before the time period of 9000 BCE they was a time period Called the Paleolithic era which
When the first versions of ourselves appear between seven and six million years ago in the southern and eastern parts of Africa we brought a small era of human life into the world. When I say small I mean it compared to the universe. We only started to make and use simple tools 3.4 million years ago. Our early stages we were hunters and gatherers but then we planted crops because of the growing population. We only first develop International crop planting in 9000 B.C.E.