A play that I have studied which explores the important theme of ambition is Macbeth, a tragedy by William Shakespeare. The Thane of Glamis receives prophecies from three witches, which Macbeth tells. However, the king must be killed for these prophecies to be fulfilled. Shakespeare uses characterisation and soliloquies to help us understand this theme. We are shown how ambition affects Scotland as a whole – we see how Shakespeare demonstrates how this can deeply affect characters and relationships between both couples and friends.
The occult belongs to Gothic literature. It began with a novel from Horace Walpole, The Castle of Otranto. The Gothic literature is a mixture between horror, full of terror story and romance. The Gothic novel tries to awake fear and terror upon the reader through supernatural and inexplicable events. The prevalent atmosphere is a doom and gloomy one, in order for incomprehensible situations to take place.
One important time was when Philip II started the Golden Age of Spain. The Golden Age was during the 16th and early 17th centuries and during this time there were many famous writers, artists, and religious leaders. “Politically, the reign of Philip II was its high point. Spain was the greatest power in Europe and deeply involved in the bitter struggles taking place on the continent (Harris 64-65).” Spain had the best army in Europe, but was very poor, but they then got loads of silver that was shipped from South American mines. In 1580 Philip rose the height of his power after claiming the Portuguese throne (Harris 64-65).
“The Witch” is what mostly stands out as evil spirits in this verse, as well as the actions taken against her. The effect of specific detail also takes place with, “he wrenched himself” and “so swiftly”. Such exemplification further shows Gogol’s imagination, so revealing yet, includes the sense of the time frame of this novel. Another example, What is there to be afraid of?” he thought to himself. “She will not rise from her bier, since she fears God’s word.
Angela Carter’s texts vehemently attacks the stereotypical notions asserted by the culture with a sturdy intention of deconstructing the collective order of society. There is an excessive use of violence, sexual brutality, pornographic contents and exuberance of female power in Carter’s writing. Makinen addresses Carter as the “avant-garde literary terrorist of feminism” (2) for savagely attacking the cultural stereotypes which is both disturbing and alienating. Carter’s The Bloody Chamber and Other Stories is a set of re-structured fairy tales with an obtrusive purpose of altering the formula set by the traditional stories. Carter reassembles the well known fairy tales to an adult version of those tales with a feministic angle to explicate
Dracula (1931) use a distinctive supernatural style of costume to describe the character. This establishes the genre (horror) and a spectacle for audience’s expectations. It enthrals the audience with the chad black cape, integral to Dracula’s appearance. It defines the fear and mystery instilled to the audience. The director provides emphasis to the antagonist as something abnormal and separate from humanity.
This idea of ‘false’ fate is conveyed through the artwork, as the three black jewels on the crown represent the Witches, and how it is tainted with Duncan’s death, as black is a colour associated with darkness, death, and witchcraft. Similarly, the gold of the crown is comparable to the chalice, exemplifying the connection between the two objects, as Macbeth’s title as king stems from Duncan’s demise. The visual text, “milk of ambition”, is figurative of Duncan’s blood, which is pictured spilling from the chalice, transforming into a golden liquid, and forming a crown. A crown is symbol for royalty and honour, which once again demonstrates the paradox of ‘fair is foul’, as it is directly contrasted to Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, highlighting their immoral deeds. The intense red of the blood and crown represents power – Duncan’s power as king, which is poured into the crown.
Female power in Macbeth The three witches Apart from Lady Macbeth, who is the most relevant character related to gender and power issues, the three witches are instrumental in starting the action that leads to so much tragedy. In the manner of Lady Macbeth, they try to break gender barriers, and they are represented as evil for two reasons. On the one hand, when Christianity was established witches were associated with the devil. On the other hand, Shakespeare wrote Macbeth with King James I in mind, and he wrote a book on wizardry. Many of the ideas that the king expressed to the public were included in Macbeth, such as predicting the future.
This essay will describe New Historicism and apply it to the short story, “The Demon Lover”, by Elizabeth Bowen. It will begin by exploring the different facets of New Historicism. Then, it will examine an issue that may arise in the New Historicist approach
It was fear that establishes the concepts of religion and faith. Angela carter suggests that “the singular moral function of the gothic is that of provoking unease”4 this unease is imputed to the gothic’s representation of the horror and terror, whether in physical form like pain, imprisonment and violent attacks, or in psychological torture like the fear of the unknown. Moreover, Sigmund Freud asserts in his essay “ The uncanny ” that the gothic novels are full of such uncanny, mysterious events which arouse the feeling of fear and astonishment. The uncanny is related to what is frightening, it coincide to affirm what thrills fear in general.5 Elizabeth MacAndrew, the famous Gothic fiction critic, defines this English genre, Gothic fiction, as a “literature of nightmare”: Among its conventions are found dream landscapes and figures of the subconscious imagination. Its fictional world gives form to amorphous fears and impulses common to all mankind, using an amalgam of materials, some torn from the author’s own subconscious mind and some stuff of myth, folklore, fairy tale, and romance.