3 November 2014
The Newton Courts Banishment of Mrs. Hutchinson
The Trial of Mrs. Anne Hutchinson was a controversial case between 1636 and 1638. Mrs. Anne Hutchinson was a Puritan leader, and had a great following of people within the Boston colony. The church resented her for speaking ill against the ministers. After her trial in 1638 she was imprisoned and banished from the colony. The centuries-old teachings of the church were now being questioned by a Puritan colony woman, Mrs. Anne Hutchinson.
Predestination is the knowing where your spirit will end up when you are born. You personally will not know, but a higher being does. Mrs. Hutchinson’s view on predestination was that if we are predestined by God …show more content…
Hutchinson brings witnesses to help defend herself. Her witnesses were; Mr. Coggeshall, Mr. Leveret, and Mr. Cotton. First, Mr. Coggeshall agreed that she never said anything that they are charging her with. The next witness, Mr. Leveret, he states that she never said that the ministers were not able ministers of the New Testament. He quotes her as saying, “’…that they did not preach a covenant of grace so clearly as Mr. Cotton did…’”. After Mr. Leveret testifies, the prosecution calls Mr. Cotton. Mr. Cotton defends Mrs. Hutchinson by recalling what she spoke to him, “she told them to this purpose that they did not hold forth a covenant of grace as I did.” She believed that the ministers were like apostles before they had found Christ. Preaching but not with the grace of God. She saw John Cotton as one that had the grace of God and was preaching truth. After her guilty sentence, many people would blame her for misfortune. They believed that she brought trouble for disgracing God, and he is now taking it out on us.
In conclusion, Mrs. Hutchinson challenged the Church because she believed they were leading its followers to hell. She gained these views by listening to ministers like; John Cotton and John Wheelwright. She had many followers; the church began to keep an eye on her which led to her trial. During the trial she was supported by the men she followed in the faith. Her religious views became her downfall within Boston, as she was imprisoned and
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Good morning Judge Danforth, ladies and gentlemen of the jury. I am here today on behalf of Elizabeth Proctor. Elizabeth has been accused of performing witchcraft, along with many other citizens of New Salem. The form of witchcraft Elizabeth allegedly performed was with the use of a poppet. Miss Abigail Williams has testified to the court, that she had been stabbed by a needle to the stomach.
While the Puritans expressed their need of love and care for one another the exact opposite was show in Salem, Massachusetts. In June of 1692, Bridget Bishop was accused of bewitching and causing misery to the people in Salem. Her accusers blamed her for attending witch meetings, beating, choking, biting people, appearing to the people in a ghostly form, for odd behaviors in cattle, and the deteriorating health that caused deaths or fits among the children. It is obvious to see that the accusers used her as a scapegoat for the oddities they could not explain in their life. The judges accused Bridget of fabricating lies about her innocence in the trial when the accusers were quite painfully obvious of their deceit within their weak stories of
The Salem Witch Trials will always be known as one of the worst uses of the law against people. Thanks to them and the people who took part in the trials we now have a more fair and equal law system in the United States. One of the most prominent people from these trials is Cotton Mather. Cotton Mather was a teacher at the Old North Church, Boston, where his father was minister. Cotton Mather’s support of, and unrelenting participation in, the Salem Witch Trials is staggering to say the least.
Life has changed so much since the times of witch trials that it is difficult to believe they are real. The writings of Mary Easty and Tituba are hard for me to take seriously because the stories and claims seem so outrageous to me. I found myself wondering how modern court trails, judges, and lawyers would handle these claims. I also wonder why some people volunteered as being guilty of witchcraft or even entertained the idea of being somehow involved in witchcraft. Tituba’s story really made me wonder why she said everything that she did.
She was tried by the General Court for “traducing the ministers,” and was convicted in 1637, and was sentenced to banishment. All
She was the reason why witchcraft broke out in Salem. As stated in the first paragraph, she tells the court who has committed witchcraft so she will not get in trouble. Why does the court believe her? The court believes her because she was the first one to say she “saw the devil”, and if she can see the devil, then she can see who is with him. In the beginning, Abigail blamed people who were not really influential in the community.
Preceding the Salem witch trails, the court fell under attack. Those who made confessions began to recant them. Though they played a direct role in the executions of innocent people, they insisted that they only made accusations out of force. In Document 77, Margaret Jacobs describes the ordeal of how she was told to either confess or be hanged. In another record, “Declaration of Mary Osgood, Mary Tyler, Deliverance Dane, Abigail Barker, Sarah Wilson, and Hannah Tyler,” the girls contend, “There was no other way to save our lives, as the case was then circumstanced, but by our confessing ourselves to be such and such persons as the afflicted represented us to be; they out of tenderness and pity persuaded us to confess what we did confess”
Although the Scottsboro trials was not a pivotal event in Black American history, it was an occasion which highlighted the severe injustice of the American legal system and prejudice that black Americans lived in. From 25th March 1931 when 9 black men allegedly gang raped two white girls on the Railroad from Chattanooga to Memphis, a numerous amount of trials, reversals and retrials occurred, the most in American history. Over the course of two decades the ‘Scottsboro boys’ were made celebrities by their struggle for justice by dividing Americas politics. The trials, which were originally conducted in front of an all white jury leading to 8 of the boys being sentenced to the death penalty, after they were represented by bias lawyers which made
Gender roles played a heavy role in colonial society, and the women who did not conform to these roles were easy targets for witchcraft accusations. Women who were post-menopausal, widowed, unmarried were not fulling their “duty” to society of bearing children and thus could come under fire (Lecture.) Those who were aggressive, out spoken, or did not do as another wished could also bring cries of “witch!” (Lecture.) This is highlighted in Cotton Mather’s Accounts of the Salem Witchcraft Trials, one of these accused women Susana Martin stands trial with many of the testifiers being men who had been wronged by Martin in some way or another.
The Witch Trial of Bridget Bishop Intro The Salem Witch Trials was an odd incident. Occurring in the 1600s, a stream of unnecessary deaths began when people grew afraid of the invisible. Demons who whispered in your ear and magic so powerful that it could hurt “afflicted” girls with just a glance, it sounds likes something out of a fantasy story.
She accused Elizabeth of being a witch hoping she would be hanged in order to have John come back to her. She also set up Mary Warren using the doll she helped her make by sticking a needle through it. All of this started out with false accusations by Abigail, and people believed her because they were
It wasn’t fair!” (Jackson, 224) It is apparent that she is not necessarily distressed over the practice of the ritual, but specifically that she is the victim, as she states they should start over, so that a new victim will be chosen. “I think we ought to start over,” Mrs. Hutchinson said, as quietly as she could.” (Jackson, 223)
First, we have to answer and analyze this question: Why is the 1692 witch trial in Stamford, Connecticut important? Richard Godbeer as the author wants us as a reader be aware of the way Puritan society thought, how they worked together as a society, how they were implicated with each other and how they fix their problems as a society as we read “Like many of their neighbors in the close-knit town, they had visited Daniel and Abigail Wescot to lend support as the couple kept watch over the afflicted young woman in their charge… The Wescots’ neighbors responded readily. To request assistance in time of need…” (Godbeer 03, 25). The author wants us to realize not so much what happened with these witch trials but more about how Puritan society
Cotton Mather: Wonders of the Invisible World In this writing, Cotton Mather, a Puritan Theologian and a renowned reverend talks about his fears of the Christian religion being slowly obliterated from the country, which he believes is being taken over by the devil and his minions by the use of Witchcraft. In 1963 Cotton Mather was asked to create a literary piece, in defense of the persecutions, one year after the events of the Salem witch trials actually took place, where questionable events happened were depicted. This work was called the Invisible Wonders of the World. Throughout the writing, Mather is always depicting the devil as a real and tangible being (e.g. “invisible hands” and supernatural happenings).