The Non-Brahmin Movement In Maharshtra

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Gail Omvdt(1976)(87) argues that the non-Brahmin movement in Maharshtra is found in both elite-based conservative trend and also in more genuine mass-based radicalism. It has not attained radical goals though it has attained conservative goals.. ‘The Maharshtrain Brahmin intelligentsia, though still dominant in educational and cultural institutions, has been swept from political power by rich peasant non –Brahmin elite, with strong roots in the villages and with an institutional basis in rural co-operatives and educational societies’. He observes that Phule’s theory of exploitation was focused on cultural and ethnic factor rather than on economic or political ones. According to Phule’s ides, education and organization were the means…show more content…
Rao (1979)(92) devides non-upper castes/classes into three categories. The uppermost category of the backward castes consists mostly of landowners. There are several such castes in different parts of the country, such as the Jats, the Ahirs, the Gujjars in Punjab, the Marathas in Maharashtra, the Vokkaligas and the, Bants in Karnataka. Ranking below them are tenant cultivators, artisans and other service castes. They include the Ahirs and the Kahars in Bihar, the kolis in Gujarat and the Vaddars in South India. They are considered caste-Hindus, above the pollution line. They have not enjoyed political power in the recent past. Most of them are small or marginal farmers, tenants, or agricultural laborers. ‘They were under the economic and political control of the landowning castes. The latter often extorted forced labor from the former as domestic servants and palanquin-bearers, and expected several customary payments. At the bottom are the untouchable castes who are designated Scheduled Castes under the Constitutional of India. The social-economic conditions of most of the Scheduled Castes and other backward castes are qualitatively different, though some of the non-upper caste movements, known as anti-Brahmin movements, included untouchables. Most of the studies on the untouchables’ movements do not include the movements of the other backward castes.…show more content…
He maintains that organization; Ideology; collective mobilization and leadership are the essential elements of any movement. He also assessed the nature of social change among the Ezhavas of Kerala and Yadavas of Bihar due to social mobilization. These two communities are highly successful in terms of education, employment, economy, politics and culture in the post- independent

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