Nursing is concerned with all the variables affecting a patient‘s response to stress, which is interpersonal, intrapersonal and extrapersonal in nature. The concepts of the metaparadigm of nursing under the Betty Neuman system model aim towards the development of a person in a state of wellness having the capacity to function well by adapting the patient’s self to the environment. The theory focuses on the concept of the whole person as an open system. The concept is multidisciplinary as nurses use the nursing process format and prevention as an intervention to collaborate with the healthcare team and through this model, it addresses the problem of the patient in the hospital or in healthcare
The psychologists, Giorgi, Johnson, and Koch, had concepts that were applied to the underpinning of the theory. There are eight concepts that bring the nursing care theory together in a direct utilization, but it not only addresses the physical perspective of nursing but also the holistic and spiritual perspective of nursing care. The concept that is applied in that Watson defines the metaparadigm concepts into three of the four. The first concept that brings attention to direct nursing care is defined in the human being concept. “A valued person to be cared for, resected, nurtured, understood, and assisted” (McEwen & Wills, 2014, p.185).
It should be deemed as their own personal space and provide privacy. The last and final philosophy is nursing. The role of a nurse is to be a leader, listener, teacher, advocate, care- taker, believer, decision-maker, protector, and much more. Nurses have to be able to handle chaotic situations and quickly make new plans for when things don’t go as anticipated. Nurses must prioritize and make decisions based on clinical judgment to provide the best outcomes.
Neumann’s system model theory looks at the environmental stressors, and the nurses try to retain and maintain the patients’ health through maintaining the patients’ system fit with the environmental system. The first step of nursing is to make sure the stressors are removed, and if the stressors cannot be abolished, then the nurse should look for ways to get the client’s structure and maintain their wellness. Peplau’s interpersonal theory shows that nurse/patient’s relations to grow through identification, orientation, exploitation, and resolution whereby their
The model interrelates concepts in such a way as to create a different way of looking at a particular phenomenon. The theory is relatively simple, but generalizable to apply to a wide variety of patients. It can be used by nurses to guide and improve practice, but it must be consistent with other validated theories, laws and principles. (Kearney-Nunnery, 2012) The third and final theorist I will discuss is Callista Roy. The Adaptation Model of Nursing was developed by Sister Callista Roy in 1976.
Nursing leaders must collaborate effectively when developing a staffing plan to ensure safety and quality meet the institution 's mission and values as this study has done (see Figure 4 and 5). Anderson, Ellerbe, Haas, Kerfoot, Kirby, and Nickitas (2014), “Excellence and Evidence in Staffing: A Data-Driven Model for Excellence in Staffing”, stated nurses should be engaged in recognizing new models of care of which staffing enhances class and outcomes while decreasing the cost of healthcare. According to Anderson et al., (2014) sufficient staffing is typically done by accomplishing quality results, which reduces the cost of care. The evidence according to Anderson et al., (2014) demonstrates that nursing care has a direct influence on the overall quality of services
It tells us why a nursing particular activity is important to a patient at that specific time. It guides our thought processes and focuses on the specific areas to bring the patient back to a certain point where he or she can have a quality life. It gives us a lot of direction, and it builds basic structures to promote the greatest quality of nursing care in any individuals. Nurses are not just doing actions, they critically thinking about particular patients’ needs and applying certain theories and ideas
It sets the standards in which nursing care should be delivered. These standards are developed from evidence based research that has been conducted. This is performed on a continuous base. Information learned from 15 years ago has changed sufficiently. The field of nursing has evolved tremendously.
It is argued that time is of the essence in nursing practice. Nurses are put under a lot of pressure on a daily basis. There is a view that nurses have very little time and are very busy that they forget to deliver care and empathy towards a patient to make the patient feel ‘cared about’ (Corbin, 2008). Additionally, nurses not only have to nurse their patients on a daily basis, but they have to accomplish other tasks, for example documenting, filling out paperwork and management, as well as performing certain goals needed to be achieved that day (Beckett, 2013). Pressure on nurses has increased dramatically due to the lack of funding which has led to clinical environments being under staffed and in effect each individual nurse is therefore carrying out the duties and pressures of two nurses (DeCola and Riggins, 2010).
I would like to achieve this goal within five years (Lawlor & Hornyak, 2012). In conclusion, nursing theory proves to be of significance in the clinical setting (Colley, 2003). Watson and Hall both attempt to explain the importance of caring in the nursing profession through the Theory of Caring and Care, Core, Cure Theory (Watson, 2005; Touhy & Birnbach, 2005). While there are some similarities and difference between personal and well-known theories, one thing holds true: “applying these caring values in our practice is not only essential to our own health, as nurses, but its significance is also fundamentally tributary to finding meaning in our work” (Cara, 2003,