Odysseus has a great amount of misadventures on his journey home, one including the meeting of Circe, the beautiful yet mischievous witch-goddess. Odysseus and the men he still had left were in need of supplies; they stopped on an island only to come across Circe. All intruders that stumble upon her island she turns into swine, so it was only natural for her to turn Odysseus’ men into pigs. Hermes comes to Odysseus’ rescue and gives him an herb called Moly. The Moly is what gives Odysseus the resistance to Circe’s magic, this surprises her and she turn his men back to their human state.
Conversely, however, when Odysseus and his crew attempt to make their way home after visiting Aeolus, Odysseus’ belief in the supremacy of his own abilities gets him into trouble. Odysseus neglects to inform his crew what the bag he received from Aeolus holds, arousing their suspicion. Furthering his folly, Odysseus explains that he was “Exhausted from minding the sail the whole time / By myself. I wouldn’t let any of my crew / Spell me, because I wanted to make good time” (10.37-40). The lack of trust between Odysseus and his crew stems from Odysseus’ overconfidence in his own mental faculties and the subsequent lack of effective communication between Odysseus and those he captains.
The great Kyklopês, Polyphemus, is only one of the many monsters he had to face. After 10 years at war with Troy, over the beautiful Helen, Odysseus and his men are heading home. Looking for rest, they moor on Kyklopês Island where 12 men and Odysseus come upon the dwelling of Polyphemus. Odysseus’ sharp wit allows them to escape the brute’s cave, but his pride and actions incur the wrath of Poseidon. Despite the fact that Odysseus can be arrogant, he is also incredibly clever and resourceful.
A heroic person is best described as someone whom is extraordinarily bold and that daringly goes to extreme measures for particular reasons. Odysseus lived up to such heroic qualities numerous times throughout Homer’s epic, The Odyssey, while on his voyage home to Ithaca. Homer has created Odysseus as a heroic figure in the Odyssey possessing characteristics of savior, courageous, and sly. Savior was shone while is on the island of the Lotus Eaters, home to a harmless group of people who eat only the flowering lotus plant. He sent and trusted three of his men to scope the island but instead they ran into and joined the lotus eaters.
Additionally, many people commended him and his actions throughout the war, which most likely bolstered his overwhelming arrogance further. However, while his deeds were an unquestionable feat, Odysseus could not begin to obtain ethos with the cockiness he displayed. From the start of his voyage, there are several instances in which Odysseus’s hubris was detrimental to him and his crew, which therefore makes his hubris detrimental to the harmony. One of these major disasters occurred on the island of the Kyklopês. When Odysseus and his twelve best men discover the Kyklopês’s cavern, the men immediately sense danger from their surroundings.
The story of the great artists of literature is glorified by history tells their tale. Homer is such one great poet. He is the author of the epic-tale of the Greek-Troy war entitled the Iliad. Homer immortalized it and its epic heroes .In this essay, I will examine the similes, that immortalize Homer as a poet, consider the canonization of his work, and end up offering a short poem as an example of how a literary work can become canonical. ( Scott.W, 2012) Homer’s similes characterized that they are long, extended, rich, omniscient, and informative.
He proves that he is a great leader and isn’t easily affected by conflict. He says, “[I] shouted out to him in my rage, ‘Cyclops, if anyone asks you who it was that put your eye out and spoiled your beauty, say it was the valiant warrior Odysseus…’” (96-98). As he and the remainder of his crew are leaving the island, he yells back to Polyphemus to make sure the Cyclops knows exactly who he is. Odysseus additionally shows he can easily trick others. He says, “...three times did I fill the bowl for him, and three times did he drain it… then, I saw the wine had got to his head” (12-13).
Before Athena appearing as a Mentor, Homer shows Telémakhos as a shy boy who is having difficulties to live up to his father’s legendary reputation. He is shown as detached, lost and confused. Rather than taking an action, Telémakhos kept on complaining about the suitors’ manipulation of Xenia. In order to reach manhood, Athena calls him to action through making him undergo a journey. This journey, through Homer’s words, is not only meant to pave the way for him to mature by the time Odysseus is back, but also to save him from the suitor’s plot to kill him.
The Ancient Greeks are very known in the current days due to various reasons however the main ones were their discovery about the world and their beliefs. There are numerous ideas that fit into this category, one being the term hero; throughout the Odyssey written by Homer, Odysseus faces a series of events in which his actions and reactions to them reveal who he is. In other words, the first thought that comes to one 's mind when they reflect on these actions of the great Odysseus is the word “hero”. The reason to this is because of the various traits such as bravery, selflessness or caring, and intelligent or cunning . Inclusively, he revealed throughout the book which fits the description of a hero both in Ancient Greece and in our current days.
The Odyssey is a variation of the protagonist’s name, Odysseus, meaning “the story of Odysseus,” similar to the Iliad, which means “the story of Ilium”. Homer, the believed author of both epics, made the titles reveal that the tales would be about the heroes. Since the epic poem became so famous, “Odyssey” now refers to a long and rigorous journey. The Odyssey is an epic poem that is a compilation of ancient Greek rhapsodies believed to be first written down by Homer, but the stories themselves were already told orally. Scholars debate as to whether Homer was an actual person or if they were a group of men who created these stories, since very little is known about the suspected author.
Odysseus heroically leads his crew and himself through dangerous obstacles, but also foolishly endangers them during the journey home. Odysseus is a hero because he is smart. For example, when Odysseus and his men approach the giant he offers him ¨liquor to wash down your scraps of men¨ (Homer 991). Odysseus is clever by doing this because he can predict that the liquor will make him fall asleep. He knows that the boulder that is blocking the entrance is heavy so he doesn 't kill Polyphemus.
Second, Odysseus and I show that when faced with peer pressure, isn’t always the right decision. In the Odyssey, Odysseus chose three men to search an island and “they [fall] in, soon enough, with Lotus Eaters, who [show] no will to do harm, only offering the sweet Lotus to [their] friends” (897). The Lotus Eaters pressure the men to try the Lotus, which in the story is like a drug. It is addicting and makes you want to stay on the island. It pressures Odysseus to try them because all of his crew try the Lotus.
On the way to the palace, Odysseus met Hermes, the messenger god, who gave the hero a gift: “Hermes gave Odysseus an herb to counteract the effects of Circe’s drug. Odysseus overpowered Circe, and she agreed to restore his men to human form” (Mabey). After restoring the men, they all stayed with Circe for a year before continuing their journey. Within this time, Odysseus was enticed and became the father of Telegonus. Circe advised Odysseus to go to the underworld and seek the counsel of Tiresias, a blind prophet, on how to get back to Ithaca.
Odysseus unmistakably demonstrates that he is faithful much of the time. One occasion was the point at which Odysseus ' men fell prey to the Lotus Eaters. I says, "Then I conveyed two picked men and a runner to realize what race of men that land managed. They fell in, soon enough, with Lotus Eaters, who demonstrated no will to do us hurt, just offering the sweet Lotus to our companions however the individuals who ate this sugary plant, the Lotus, never minded to report, nor to return; they yearned to stay perpetually, searching on that local blossom, distracted of their country. I drove them, every one of the three wailing, to the shipsâ"(page).
I looked out the window, expecting to see the runaway crew member but instead I saw a different man who I immediately recognized as Odysseus. My spirits rose because I knew he was smarter than the others. Once again I lured him into my palace and offered him food and wine, which he refused. He only wanted to get his men returned to their original forms and to continue his journey to Ithaca with them by his side. When I finally convinced him to drink my wine, he was not affected by it.