Under Hammurabi the Babylonians had a set of laws, and the Egyptians excelled at writing. In the Middle Kingdom, gods were believed to care for all of its people and not just the Divine Monarch (Wallech, 2013, p. 60). The rulers cared for the kingdom 's people which showed a sharp change in attitudes toward people. No longer was the ruler placed on a pedestal and treated like untouchable royalty. Treating citizens as a part of society assisted Egypt in growing and becoming successful in trade, writing and protecting itself.
It was written on papyrus, the first paper developed by Egyptians which made it easier to keep records. They also carved into clay or stone tablets. Laws and codes are needed to help control and set justice in society. Documents 2 and 5 mention the early laws and codes society had to bide by. Hammurabi, mentioned in Document 2, was a great ruler in Mesopotamia.
Throughout history, the conquering of lands has held a large contribution in the development of various civilizations. The remnants of these conquests have celebrated the feats of rulers and their achievements. When military campaigns occurred frequently in the ancient Middle East, the victories of rulers have been recorded through inscriptions, artwork, and stone monuments. Rulers often recorded their conquests as a way to glorify their victory which helped for multiple purposes such as establishing power for both the ruler and his people. In any kind of campaign, there is always the intention to achieve a particular objective.
During the 16th hundreds and 18th hundreds religion was huge, and was very important. However from the 16th and 18th hundreds people realised that the people should have a right for the different laws and rules that were being made. The 16th and 18th hundreds have allowed many people to realise that the government wasn’t the only people who had the rights to make up the laws. Most laws were made from Christians, which explains the laws of being a good person and doing what was told in the name of God. Religion played a major role in the development of democracy and mercantilism in the 16th to the 18th century, since it created of new nation based upon self-reliance, self-motivation, and self-government.
This chapter will mainly talk about the function of the mortuary temple of the queen Hatshepsut. The chapter will focus on the function from physical use to metal effect (religion). And it will analyse the difference between the Hatshepsut’s temple and Palestrina, Temple of Fortuna in Egypt. Both of the buildings are used as temple. For physical use, the structure of mortuary temple performed very well.
Egypt 's Old Kingdom (Dynasties 3–6, ca. 2649–2150 B.C.) was a standout amongst the most element time frames in the improvement of Egyptian workmanship. Amid this period, craftsmen figured out how to express their way of life 's perspective, making interestingly pictures and structures that persevered for eras. Planners and bricklayers aced the methods important to construct stupendous structures in stone.
Building of the pyramids not only satisfied religious beliefs, but also benefited the economy. Pyramids were not only secluded to Egypt, but rather expanded far across the world in varying time periods. The basic form of the pyramids was discovered in Peru as mounds of earth compacted into a temple. Much later, many more were built in Central America by the Olmec, Aztec, and Maya ("Pyramids," 2001). All of the societies that built pyramids had some-sort of polytheistic beliefs, where building this structures brought them closer to their god.
This river prompted and galvanized civilization leading to the Predynastic and the Old Kingdom eras. Kings, or Pharaohs, were chosen by the Gods to rule the land and were tasked with providing the people of Egypt with some necessities and most importantly, the annual flooding, or inundation, of the Nile. The Nile, being the lifeline of the Egyptian kingdoms, was the most important variable of their lives, it’s inundation brought life and order to the land while, if the waters failed to rise, it could also bring death and chaos.
All of these major cities were built with a religious purpose to entice or appeal the god which the people of the city worshipped, the city of Bayon and Angkor Wat were designed after the universe with the central most extravagant tower being the middle point in the universe where all the gods would stay know as Mount Meru as well as the pyramid temples found in Mesoamerica that were for ceremonies and other important religious rituals that would take place in the empire. Furthermore, the capital cities were home mainly to the officials and the rulers of the time and this was the same across all of the major cities. Furthermore, the major capitals of these empires always received a huge amount of planning and architectural planning and the designs are intricate however the areas surrounding these capitals often have much less planning and seem not to have the same planning effort put into