Perfection implies that there cannot be something which is greater than perfection or being flawless. It is supposed that God exists as an idea in the mind. If we suppose the fact that God exists in reality then the ' reality ' becomes an additional feature which the non-existing God doesn 't have and which can be imagined for a being (suppose X )who has one more extra feature than the God. So the God becomes imperfect as we can imagine a being X who is greater than God by a feature other than what the God have. So it questions the premises on which the fact "no greater than God can be conceived" was built upon.
Humans have free will, but God knows their fate. In Book V of the City of God, Saint Augustine discusses the matter of fate and free will pertaining to having a relationship with God. Within that section of the text he makes many statements about how humans have the freedom to make their own choices, but God ultimately knows the outcome. Logically, this make sense. If God created everything, then this would mean He has created everything in the past, present and future.
If there was to be two Gods, then one would be more perfect than the other and triumph. If there were to be three Gods then one would take supremacy over the other two Gods. If the criterion of supremacy is not met, it is impossible for the existence of one God. “Therefore, in the same way God is God, and he is the God. Impossible it is therefore that many Gods should exist.” (Summa Theologiae, p.1 q.11 a.3).
Blackburn claims that Pascals argument is set-up in a way that presumes something about god, but Blackburn does not consider the fact that Pascal sets his argument up on faith and belief, not presumption. Pascals Wager, an argument not about the whether the existence of God is valid, but rather the rationality of it. Blaise Pascal, compares the belief in God to the metaphorical equivalent of a gamble, or a wager. Arguing that God poses an infinite power, Pascal describes how "He is infinitely incomprehensible"(Pascal's 4) mentioning how "He has no Affinity to us". (Pascal's 4).
The premises from the meditation that claim god doesn’t exist are weak and invalid, and fail to give enough evidence to support the thought that god does not exists, which would conclude that God does exist. The argument for God’s existence is that God is a perfect being, he is infinite, independent, supremely intelligent, and supremely powerful. Descartes goes on to talk about how God exists because he can conceive of him as better than himself (AD 40). God is perfect and perfect at everything, and was the first thing that sent everything into motion (AD 45). God is the ultimate cause.
God 's existence has been a continuous debate certainly for centuries. The issue of God 's existence is debatable because of the different kind of controversies that can be raised from an "Atheist as being the non-believer of God" and a "Theist who is the believer of God". An atheist can raise different objections on the order of the universe by claiming that the science is a reason behind the perfection of the universe. In Aquinas 's fifth argument, he claims that the order of the universe cannot be explained by chance, but only by design and purpose. To explain this order of the universe he concludes that, there is an intelligent being whom we call "God".
McCloskey argued against the three theistic proofs, cosmological argument, theological argument, and the argument from design. The Cumulative case that he presents takes the Cosmological, Theological, and Moral Arguments and puts them together. The Cosmological case makes a claim for the existence for God, the Theological case is the intelligent case, and the Moral case is morally perfect. All together,
The effort to reconcile unity and plurality in God is not a matter of solving a mathematical conundrum or a metaphysical puzzle of how one is three and three is one. However, what would one expect when one tries to give a definition of God? Something exactly like the mystery of the Trinity should emerge; otherwise God would not be God. How can the finite comprehend the infinite? How can the created understand the Creator?
In fact being made in the image of God allows us to understand the nature of God where we reach to a high capacity of exploring his grace. In Augustine’s reflection “there is something of the human person which is unknown even to the ‘spirit of man which is in him’...-I nevertheless know something of you which I do not know about myself”(Augustine, 182). This statement explains how one can know about oneself through knowing God because one is made in his image. According to Augustine the full discovery of human person occurs through having the true knowledge about God. Grace makes a way for us to acquire the knowledge about God.
The first step was to doubt everything that could be doubted: his senses, his prior knowledge (a priori), and his knowledge of the world (a posteriori). From this, he deduced that the only truth was that he existed, for no doubting can occur without a doubter. Thus arose the idea of mind, “a substance the whole essence or nature of which is to think”. Descartes then derived the existence of God from the idea of perfection; our idea of perfection must come from a perfect being (i.e. God), for imperfect beings such as ourselves cannot possibly conceive by ourselves the idea of perfection; that there is an idea God proves that God does indeed exist for God is the sum of all perfection.