The Origin Of Iban

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a) Describe the origins of Iban and their traditional way of life Introduction Ibans make up almost 30% of Sarawak’s population. (The Iban, n.d.) In 1947, they occupy one over three of the population in Malaya during that time. However, they stay in rural area meanwhile the majority of Malays and Chinese stay in the cities. (The History of Iban, n.d.) Nowadays, a majority of the Ibans live in Sarawak, Sabah and some of them live in west Malaysia. Origins In Kayan language, the name of Iban means immigrant. During the period of British colonialism, Ibans were referred to as Sea Dayak because they stay near the river and work as a farmer, hunters, and gatherers for surviving. (Iban Custom & Tradition, n.d.) The Iban trace their origins to the Kapuas Lake region of Kalimantan. Iban was being labeled with the name pioneer of headhunting. The Headhunting in Iban culture is believed to have when the land occupies by Iban over-populated. (The History of Iban, n.d.). In 1814, Ibans established at Brooke Raj in Sarawak and later migrated into the middle and upper part of the Rejang. Later in the century, they have already entered into all of the divisions. They have lived near other ethnic groups with whom they have interacted. During the colonial period of the British, Malays, Chinese, and Kayan became the most important societies. Therefore, the relations between the Ibans and these societies have caused the changes of society and culture of the Ibans. (Iban - History and

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