The Origins Of Xenophobia In South Africa's Colonialism

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Xenophobia as a broad notion is associated with a variety of meanings. The word “xenophobia” has its origin in two Greek words “xenos”, meaning “foreigner “or “stranger”, and “phobos”, meaning “fear”.
Manifestations of xenophobia are usually triggered by intense dislike or hatred against people that are perceived as outsiders, strangers or foreigners to a group, community or nation, based on their presumed or real descent, national, ethnic or social origin, race, colour, religion, gender, sexual orientation or other grounds.
Studies on xenophobia have attributed such hatred of foreigners to a number of causes: the fear of loss of social status and identity; a threat, perceived or real, to citizens’ economic success; a way of reassuring the national self and its boundaries in times of national crisis (Harris 2001); a feeling of superiority; and poor intercultural information (Mogekwu 2005).
Ever before South Africa’s independence, there’s always been traces of Xenophobia. For South Africa, colonialism came with a lot of setbacks amongst which include xenophobia and racism. Colonialism came into South Africa in 1652 and it was introduced by the Dutch. With Dutch mode of colonialism came slavery and forced labour. The start of slavery in South Africa derived from an irrational dislike or fear, also known as xenophobia, of the black Africans (Comninos, 2015). Because of this dislike and fear towards the black Africans, the Dutch took them from their

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