The Ottoman Mosque

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The Ottoman Dynasty ruled for more than 600 years over the eastern Mediterranean. Muhammad Ali was an Ottoman Albanian commander in the Ottoman army, who rose to the rank of Pasha, and became Wāli, and self-declared Khedive of Egypt and Sudan with the Ottomans' temporary approval. He commissioned a mosque in memory of Tuson Pasha, Muhammad Ali’s oldest son. The design of the mosque was derived from mosque of Sultan Ahmed in Istanbul. Construction of the walls, domes and minaret had been completed by the time of Ali Pasha's death. Then, when 'Abbas Pasha I took over, he ordered to finish the work on the marble, carvings and the gilding. In addition, he added a marble construction and a copper maqsura for Ali Pasha's mausoleum.
The mosque is
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Though the architecture of the mosque is entirely Ottoman, the domes are, relative to their width, higher and less squat than those in Istanbul. The complex includes two parts, the mosque proper to the east and the open courtyard to the west. The plan of the mosque is a central dome carried on four piers and spherical pendentives, flanked by four half-domes, and four smaller domes on each corner. Also, there is a dome that separates the mihrab ceiling from the Qibla wall. The 41-meter-square interior is impressive because of its size, and it shows the amazing arrangement of mass and space like in Istanbul mosques. The main, high dome of the mosque is 52 meters high, with a diameter of 21 meters.
The grandeur of this single, large chamber is enhanced by the circle of small lamps hung in the middle of the praying area, and just above the main dome of the mosque. Other smaller lamps, many of them more modern, are hung elsewhere in the mosque, creating a spectacle of light that is grand in its own
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These domes are supported by large, though relatively simple marble columns. The courtyard is almost square (54 by 53 meters square) and has a northern and southern entrance from the mosque. In the middle of the courtyard is a marble ablution fountain with a carved wooden roof on columns. The fountain is decorated in the same style as that of the sabil-kuttab facing the madrasa of al-Nasir on Mu'izz street. That structure was built by Ismail Pasha in 1828. The sabil and the upper part of the courtyard facade are decorated with small oval wall paintings on which Mediterranean landscapes are

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