Darwin, after traveling the world and gaining a great amount of data, introduced the idea of evolution. Though evolution to this day is still debated upon between the religious and scientific communities, it is one of the greatest and most compelling discoveries in recent memory. In the year 1859, Darwin published On the Origin of Species and the world would never be the same. He went into great depth on natural selection and how species could evolve over time in order to create an entirely new species. His theories would predate all ideas that God created man.
Urte Petraityte History 20 Andrew Frantz Section 31 3 February 2016 Delegate Paper #1 After the first world war economies started slowing down, soldiers came home and a new way of living had to be created to accommodate the post war changes in society. More people were living in the cities than ever before, the birth rate of the elite was rapidly declining while the lower class began to over populate. The government believed it was their duty to get involved which they did by creating the concept of Eugenics. Although people define eugenics in many different ways the main concepts include artificially selecting desired traits which then allows scientific improvement of the population by controlled breeding. Eugenics became a science used
The Eugenics Movement began when Francis Galton wanted to explore if society and culture in a country would excel if the powerful, distinguished genes were to be passed down. Through his theories, he wanted to prove that the human race can be more intelligent and stronger. The overall goal was for those genes to be passed down through generations overtime. Francis Galton was half cousins with Charles
Until the 19th century, the prevailing view in western societies was that differences between individuals of species were uninteresting departures from their platonic ideals of created kinds. In 1859, Charls Darwin set out his theory of evolution by natural selection as an explanation for adaptation and speciation. Charles Darwin theory of natural selection is one of the corner stones of morden biology. The concept, published by Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace in a joint presentation of papers in 1858, was elaborated in Darwins influencial 1859 book on the origins of species. Darwins ideas, along with Adam Smith and Karl Max had a profound influence on 19th century thought.
The thought of improving the human race by manipulating who is allowed to breed can either be appalling or compelling. There are a few appealing aspects to the act of eugenics. If eugenics were applied, the world could potentially see a decrease in disease, a rise in intelligence, and heightened physical aesthetic in humans. But, ethically it crosses many boundaries that have prevented this idea from going into world-wide effect in the past. A benefit to eugenics is it could lead to the reduction of genetic diseases in the gene pool.
In the beginnings, eugenics was the scientific attempts to create genetically perfect plants. Scholars such Charles Darwin, Herbert Spencer and Gregory Mendel focused on mapping out traits that caused variation in animals, humans, and plants, that affected their survivability and adaptability. Inspired by these theories a new ideology of how to improve human race was cultivated, which was based upon the belief that genetically inherited traits were responsible for social stratification. Coined by the European theorist Francis Galton, “Eugenics is the study the practice or advocacy of controlled selective breeding of human populations (as by sterilization) to improve the population’s genetic composition. This paper discusses the medicalization
When one hears the word Eugenics, one associates it with the terrible actions of Nazi Germany, but Germany was not the only country, which adopted the horrible social movement known as Eugenics. It took place in countries such as Great Britain, Sweden, Australia, USA and many more, all of whom introduced policies and programs such as birth control, marriage restrictions, segregation, forced abortions and sterilization, and worst of all genocide with aims to improve the human race by potentially breeding out undesired traits and ridding society of all those deemed as “unfit”. The idea of breeding out undesirable genes or traits is loaded with problematic value judgments, and the various ways that such ideas have been implemented as policy have scared many people and lead to the deaths of millions of people, therefore it undoubtedly has a bad reputation.
Then, there was Alfred Russel Wallace, he had a major influence on Darwin theory. Wallace, did the same thing Darwin did, he went on a voyage but he went to different islands and he noticed the same thing Darwin noticed in other species but he could not exactly put a name on his findings, so he sent his work to Darwin. That is when Darwin came up with natural selection and he wrote his book and years later Wallace wrote a book called Darwinism. 2. Earth was formed 4.568 billion years ago and early earth consisted organic molecules; hydrogen compound, methane, water vapor, and ammonia.
Nowadays, we all acknowledge that human, as a species, evolves from other species like chimpanzee and also the concept of natural selection for which the fittest will survive and live on. But such concepts were not wildly accepted or even notified by anyone until the publication of the book on the origin of species written by Charles Darwin back in 1859. Charles Darwin (1809-1882), an English naturalist geologist and biologist, best known for his contribution to the evolutionary theory, proposed a brand new theory back then which he stated that all species of creatures descends from common ancestors. Overcoming a lot of criticisms and rejections, Darwin’s theory of evolution has been wildly accepted by the 1870s and has been the foundation