The Outline Of Race And Eugenics

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Race and Eugenics are interwoven in the history of the world. Through the ‘discovery’ of race and the idea that there is one superior race; science has linked eugenics which is the study of agencies under social control that can better the racial quality of future generations to the possibility of a ‘clean race’. Through this essay the outline of race and eugenics will be explained further and why ‘artificial selection’ was appealing to nation states like the United States of America in the 20th century. Race is defined as classifying people according to their physical and genetic traits. Non-Eurasian people experienced prejudice against them because they were believed to lacked Eurasian mental, moral and physical superiority. Darwin, a scientist, developed a theory of evolution which dominated most fields in science because it includes an idea of ancient hierarchy of human races. Eugenics is then building on the theory of evolution by Darwin by believing that there are differences in people of different races when it comes to their mental, physical and moral characteristics. The Eugenics movement became popularized by Francis Galton and Karl Pearson, sociologists in 1890 and in 1896 a marriage law was passed prohibiting people with a “feeble-mind” from getting married; this was seen as the first steps towards a pro-eugenic state. Herbert Spencer, an English philosopher, who is seen as the father of Social Darwinism coined the idea of ‘survival of the fittest’ which

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