Not long after, Renaissance art emerged as a period of transition from medieval to modern times, which spread throughout Europe. (Renaissance art, n.d.) Renaissance artworks, with the development of linear perspective, could show a more realistic image in which could give a better interpretation of spatial relationships in the paintings. Besides, different shades colours were used to paint the same object to make the painting more three-dimensional. Not only is there a change in technique, but the focus of the painting is also altered. The main focus of Renaissance art is about the actual world and also philosophical ideas that dominated the society at that time.
An emerging interest in human reason posed a threat to the church, which by now favored order, conservatism, and stability. As one author puts it, "Movements suspected of enthusiasm, such as Puritanism, Quietism, and Janesism, fell into disrepute, and the authority exercised by the state in religious affairs became more pronounced. It was an age dominated by Reason, which, until it provoked a reaction in such movements as Pietism and Evangelism, posed a formidable challenge to Christianity. Out of the Age of Reason came renewed interests in art, architecture, and music. The church used these as tools for enhancing worship, affirming faith, teaching, and advancing aesthetics.
However, they are very different in terms of skills sets used. The Early Italian Renaissance offered a better understanding of light and shadow, perspective, and the human form. It is quite noticeable that the artists of this time were striving for knowledge, wanting to be the best of the best. The human form was more openly explored in this era. Most noticeably so in works such as Antonio Del Pollaiolo’s “Battle of Ten nudes”, Donatello’s “David”, and Luca Signorelli’s “The Damned Cast into Hell”.
As was the case of Velazquez but things have turned around for him. At the order of the king the Cross was painted onto Velazquez chest, which indicates that he was a member of the Order of Santiago’s and some say that king Philip IV had painted it himself (Kahr, 225). “Velazquez intended this huge and visually complex work, with its cunning contrasts of true spaces, mirrored spaces, and picture spaces, to elevate both himself and the profession of painting” (Kleiner, 2009). In the terms of the techniques Velazquez used on this great piece of painting. Velazquez first started to apply the colors, using different kinds of densities according to his desired effects he wants to apply for the object he wants to paint.
yha Sud Baroque Rome F. Giacomini December, 2014 Allegory of the Divine Providence In the seventeenth century, the city of Rome became the consummate statement of Catholic majesty and triumph expressed in the arts, as evident through the Baroque style. Contradiction was inherent in the Baroque period; as it began, painting was governed by decorum, however, as the Baroque progressed, the Church saw art as a means to propagate the messages of the Counter Reformation. The popularity and success of the Baroque was encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church, which had decided at the time of the Council of Trent that the arts should communicate religious themes in both direct, and emotional involvement. The aristocracy saw the success of the dramatic
Many of the defining features of Baroque art can be traced back to the influence of the Catholic Church, specifically the members of the Jesuits. At the final session of the Council of Trent it was decreed that by seeing “[their] Redemption, portrayed by paintings or other representations” the people should be inspired to ”give God thanks for those things; may order their own lives and manners in imitation of the saints; and may be excited to adore and love God, and to cultivate piety” (Waterworth, 170). Although this decree was made after many of the changes in art had happened, it
The work which distinguishes the baroque era is based on stylistically complex and variation arts. Baroque art evokes emotional states by giving appeal to the senses, creating dramatic expressions movement, vitality, grandeur, tension, blur distinctions, and sensuous richness in various arts. According to Patrick (2007), Catholic counter-reformation efforts against Protestantism influenced the development of the baroque art. Catholic Church used baroque art to react to mannerism and social turmoil of the period. Catholic Church and the council of Trent emphasized on artworks that clearly interpret realistic subjects.
Baroque art was known to reflect more on religion tension of the time. Most of the artists reflected more on the desires of the Catholic Church in Rome, where the Roman Catholic was trying to affirm itself in the wake of the Protestants reformation. Most of the Baroque paintings were aimed in exhorting the divine majesty of the church, but the primary purpose of most of these paintings was to strengthen kingdoms that were operating under the religious influence like Spain and France. The Catholic Church dominated these two nations. Most of the paintings done tried to compare both Catholic and the Protestants religions.
Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, who was a famous artist in Baroque period. His life just liked his artworks which were full of dramatic and mysterious. The life of Caravaggio can be divided into 3 periods – the early life and training period 1571-1592, Rome period 1592-1600 and the late period 1600-1610. In this essay, I would like to discuss about the late period (1600-1610) on Caravaggio through his artworks by the elements of light and violence, and the influence to the art world. The early life of Caravaggio was quite pitiful.
Yet certain difficulties remain, art historians are not unanimous about its nature and extent. For literary critics there is the added difficulty of drawing significant relationship between literature and the visual arts. One of the primary aspects of the Baroque is in its dynamism. “The whole art of Baroque expresses an acceptance of the material world, through the realistic representation of man and nature, through the affirmation of the senses and the emotions and through a new perception of space and infinity. Its tendency is towards externalization….’’ In Baroque painting and sculpture figures are shown in rapid movement.