Using national systems to evaluate the performance of ICT in education is now essential in many countries. The evaluation helps to know the impact of ICT on learning and teaching, examine the availability of ICT in schools and to make recommendations for the governments and the policy makers. Countries have their own national plans, programs or ways to evaluate and continuous improvement the ICT policies and plans. These plans help the policy markers to identify which policies and programs need to improve and where new programs and policy may be needed. National educational technology agencies play important roles to implement the use of ICT in education.
A learning theory incorporates principles which aim at explaining changes in human performance, providing a set of instructional strategies, tactics, techniques to select from and the foundation for how and when to choose and integrate the strategies5. Learning theories offer insights into “what promotes learning effectiveness and how students learn”. Learning theories are based on principles that can guide effective teaching practice and facilitate deep versus surface learning”. Thus, to have the disposition that is required to be acquired by the learner, curriculum designers need to consider relevant and appropriate learning theories during curriculum design and implementation. The more learning theories are integrated in the curriculum design process; the more likely learners can be accommodated within the programme.
Leadership practices make technology a social life medium that needs to be exploited for use in the District Education Office of the Batu Pahat District Education Office to strive for the effectiveness of technology-based performance dialogue processes. Basically, the findings of this study illustrate that school leaders are given the opportunity to use the analysis and reporting methods in school performance dialogue. Therefore, based on the UTAUT model in the development of the eDP model should be implemented as one of the alternatives in the management of a technology-centered school. This eDP is expected to have an impact and effect on school leaders in improving the quality of instructional leadership and quality time management. Based on the findings of the acceptance and intentions to use the eDP method in this performance dialogue process, the overall findings from the main constructs (based on the UTAUT model) can be concluded that respondents of the school leaders responded to eDP as a means of support in the analysis and reporting in the performance dialogue need to be used to improve the analysis and reporting process more attractive and evolve as technology
Constructivism Constructivism is another theory whose development took place at the same time as that of behaviorism, i.e., approximately 1910-1920 (Gordon, 2014). According to Gordon (2014), it is a revolutionary approach to issues related to knowledge and knowing. Humans have an innate drive to make meaning out of their lives. Therefore, certain assumptions about human learning and its nature guide constructivist learning theories and teaching methods. Learning to constructivist is an active process aiming to develop learners’ new ideas based on their current and experience and knowledge (Brandon & All, 2010).
TPACK can be redefined as; the pedagogical dimensions that use the new technologies in constructive methods to deliver subject content in a manner that offers the learners a new understanding of the world around them. Basically the combination of these three factors technology, pedagogy and content knowledge have formed and shaped the TPACK model to be considered as the most important element in the learning process, the TPACK in the learning process can lead to success or failure process or outcomes, it depends on both the student and the teacher, everyone has his own role for it to be successful, the students have to improve their skills in the ICT as a receiver, their social communications and his critical thinking to be able to deal with the pedagogy dimension can be used inside the classroom, and regarding the teacher has to develop his skills in the ICT as well but as a sender, has to have a deep understanding for the pedagogy dimensions and to have a strong back ground about the taught subject therefore TPACK does not mean that the teacher has to deal with each element of (T, P, and C) separately but it means in simple words that the teacher has to create the pot where he needs to place these elements together for the complex interaction amongst them to take place which can be considered later as the integration between the technology and the
Information and Communication Technology –an innovation in Education Dr. Jawed Ahmad (Guest Assistant Professor),Department of Teacher Education, Shibli National College, Azamgarh Miss. Shaheen Bano(Guest Assistant Professor),Department of Teacher Education, Shibli National College, Azamgarh Abstract: Information and communication technology have become common place entities in all aspects of life. They are playing salient roles in work places,business, education and entertainment. The role of ICT in education is becoming more and more important. Creative and innovative applications of ICTs have long been seen as important potentials tools to enable educational reform processes improving both access to education and the quality of that education.
However, in the foreseeable future, the classroom will still be the main way of teaching activities. The rapid development of information technology, to promote comprehensive education reform from the purpose, content, form, method to the organization. Standing in the first line education teachers, the teaching process is absolutely necessary to re-understanding. "Basic Education Curriculum Reform (Trial)" states: "vigorously promote the universal application of multimedia information technology in the teaching process, and promote the integration of information technology and curriculum, and the progressive realization of the presentation of course content, the way students learn, teachers changes in teaching methods and teacher-student interaction, and give full play to the advantages of information technology, to provide a variety of educational environment and a powerful learning tool for student learning and development. "Thus, the teachers use modern information technology, information technology plays an auxiliary unique features of teaching, to improve classroom teaching is an important idea of the current school reform.
Early childhood education is crucial as what they are taught shape their views and actions in the future. The article, “Technology in Early Childhood Education,” published by Chip Donohue, states that “Teachers are also using the Internet as a resource for curriculum ideas and research, taking children on virtual field trips, and as a powerful tool to help children explore ideas and access
When these technologies are applied in the field of education, it is termed as ICT in education. The term too can be used as the connotation to the term Educational technology because it also uses any hardware and software approaches that can enhance yield better learning outcomes. In the era of Computer technology the term ICT mainly focuses on the infrastructure, devices and sources of computer technology and thus it is imperative to discuss about the use of ICT in education by focusing mainly on Computer based technology. 19.4 CHARACTERISTICS OF ICT IN EDUCATION • Hardware and software approach: ICT in education is any hardware and software technology that contribute in the educational information processing. In the context of the present era, ICT mainly comprises of Computer technology with its hardware, like, Personal computer machine, infrastructure required for setting up Internet facility and also software like, CD ROM including various programme packages, E-learning strategies etc.
Virtual Reality its use in education, culture and the Impact on Society Abstract The aims and objectives, of this paper, are to discuss Virtual reality (VR), and its profound usage within educational systems. It will be supported by different research evidence which speak to the application of such. It is underscored by literature reviews and intends to enumerate the potential advantages of implementation within the Caribbean. Factors such as diversification of culture, ethnicity, environment and human behavior, as it relates to the VR, virtual worlds and avatars and education, will also be explored. Social issues and diversification which affects education, and the underlying processes are investigated coupled with the ability of VR to