However, despite it not holding any legal significance today, it has been successful in showing the rights of citizens and has influenced many common law documents. Magna Carta was followed by the Bill of Rights 1688, which similarly had an approach to limit the powers of the monarch and also expanded the rights of Parliament. The UK has a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch governs the country in accordance to the constitution. This holds a dutiful right to express views on any government matters. These views are according to rules which are not based on individual beliefs.
Normally, the principle of democracy use in the form of government to make law and election. The principle also suitable to use in different places like business, companies, organisation and other. The governments that hold the democracy system can know as the government of people because people choose their leader and representative.
These intentions disclose the structure of government it aims to articulate and subsequently protect over time. In doing so, it lists only governmental powers that are necessary to maintain its enduring political system, which reflects the state’s identity and indirectly promotes civic virtue. Powers regarding various policy areas are not included as they are instead determined by the people via the legislature. As an extension to this, in order to preserve its fundamental ramifications, the constitution must be drafted in a manner that makes it difficult to amend. By retaining a rigid amendment process, it protects the people from the passions of small factions that threaten to sabotage its original meaning.
These are social cohesion, the upholding of shared beliefs and values, and social progress, which is the smooth transition from one generation to the next (Bailey, Bash, Cavouras, Rieuwers, 2005). The main function of the Legislature is to create legislation; therefore, state and parliament have a responsibility to create laws that will benefit
Functionally, the President’s or the Governor’s assent is required for all legislations. The President or the Governor has the power of making ordinances when both Houses of the legislature are not in session. This is legislative power, and an ordinance has the same status as that of a law of the legislature. The President or the Governor has the power to grant pardon. The legislature performs judicial functions while committing, for contempt, those who defy its orders
In concept of Democracy, the power must be limited and put under “check and balance” mechanism. In tradition of the democratic governance, there are two main systems of the government – the presidential system and the parliamentary system. In the presidential system, the political
However, this is limited, narrow understanding of democracy is at best applicable to its political dimension, it is regarded as the optimal form of organization and functioning of all human life. Forms and manifestations of power are many - from the power of nature, parental authority, the power of knowledge and authority, power and strength so on. The universality of democracy is that the public has full control over the executive; the political system is balanced by all branches of government. We believe that wherever there is power, there are also subjects of this power, the ways and methods of its implementation, pursued certain goals. In a democracy, power and power relations are always and everywhere should be designed and implemented correctly as possible, on the basis of equality and benefits to all sides of the relationship, be subordinated to the common good and the gradual improvement of public relations, lead to increased harmony in society and their progress (Sen,
Legislative power operates under rules: it must preserve society, it can never be challenged (except by the majority), all laws put forth by the power must be followed by society. Yet, the legislative power can only govern with laws that are equally applicable to all citizens, must work solely for the good people as a whole, and cannot raise taxes without the consent of the
Secondly, the parliamentary executives, the cabinet minister and the Prime Minister, share responsibilities. Therefore, the parliament is “jointly responsible for the actions of the government…primus inter pares (first among equals)”. (Haywood, 2007, p. 95) Lastly, a typical feature of the parliamentary system is that the offices of the Head of State and the Head of the Government remain separate from each other. Union is a key feature of the parliamentary governments worldwide. Bagehot once described this feature “as the close union…of the executive and legislative powers.” Unlike the presidential system, which is in operation in the USA, the parliamentary
Separation of power is the doctrine and practice of dividing the powers of a government among different branches to guard against abuse of authority. A government of separated powers assigns different political and legal powers to the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. The legislative branch has the power to make laws. The executive branch has the authority to administer the law and to appoint officials and oversee the administration of government responsibilities. While the judicial branch has the power to try cases brought to court and to interpret the meaning of laws under which the trials are conducted.