As many people know, the Parthenon is one of the most inspiring works of architecture known to mankind. The project of the extraordinary Acropolis was taken on by one of the most influential leaders of history, Pericles. Pericles influenced not only the building of one of the grandest works but the example of democracy displayed by the Greeks. The architecture was unique for its time, it featured excellent structure. The breathtaking Metopes featuring the epic battles of the gods, the Frieze a detailed sculpture displaying a procession of Greeks, and was built to house the magnificent statue of Athena adorned in gold.
This conjured up the optical illusion of a pyramid-like shape when one was to look up at the Parthenon from its entrance, although it was obviously a rectangular temple from afar. The temple’s pyramid-like shape would convince a worshipper that they seem smaller in proximity to the Athena Parthenos, and made the temple seem colossal compared to the other temples on the Acropolis. (Shear, 2016). Along with the Athenian’s strive for perfection of aesthetically made things, temples were mathematically correct, often going by the golden rectangle and/or the Golden Ratio. It could be said that by achieving this sense of illusion, the Parthenon now demonstrated more than just aesthetically and mathematical
It’s obvious that the beauty of a structure rely on the architecture unique design and output, in this essay, I will analyzed the ancient Parthenon of Greece and the Pantheon building of Rome. Furthermore, the reader will have the opportunity to explore the popularity of the classical architecture of the Greek that was later copied by the Roman Empire. The style and function use of the Parthenon That Befit the Culture of the Greek The Parthenon is a temple to the Greek goddess Athena that was built in 447 BC. This structure is a typical example of Greek architecture. Most of the temple’s design uses elements of the Doric order.
The Pantheon is a temple dedicated to all the Gods built by Hadrian in 125 A.D. and it still stands today. It is considered one of the most visionary Roman buildings. Its central feature is the oculus in the center of the dome which opens to the heavens. It is one of the largest domes ever made without reinforced concrete. At the time, it covered a greater span than any before it.
As a start, the building types are many as the private houses, baths, as well as temples and theatres and these are our points; Firstly in temples, Greeks’ structures were invented to be the home of gods called Parthenon having an obsolete religion. As inside these sanctuaries they didn’t have spots of meeting, but obeying the penances and aimed to custom an individual god in them. These temples anyways were sometimes used to be storage of votive offerings. Subsequently, they are very unique in there style and very essential modeling construction. For examples, the palace of Knossos, and Athens acropolis.
The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome In 500-323 B.C. Which is the classical age of Greek Civilization? During this time, they gain more strength after being victorious over the Persians (Peace treaty in 449 B.C.). Democracy as a form of government was developed in Athens as a virtue for individual citizens in a society where individuals are treated equal, also they still worship and reference their gods. The Greeks place so much importance to their past because they use it as motivation to reach a greater height in the future, this is based on their culture and as a value for humans.
Ancient architecture preserves history Two historical monuments with extraordinary architectural stories are rare to find still standing to this day. The Parthenon and the Great Pyramids of Giza are perhaps two of the most magnificent pieces of architecture the world has ever seen. In order to creates a better understanding of the importance of the two ancient structures the differences and similarities of the Parthenon and the pyramids constructions, functions along with relevance both then and now must be explored. The Parthenon and The Great Pyramids of Giza both share some similarities about the creation process behind them as well as some differences. They were both created by two extremely influential
Greek mythology can be viewed as a mirror to the ancient Greek civilization. Ancient Greek myths and legends often reflected how the Greeks saw themselves. Myths were used by Greeks to make justifications of every existing aspect of earth as well as their own society. In myths, Greek gods & heroes often represented key aspects of the human civilization. From Greek mythology, we can learn about the favorable characteristics of humans, such as their behavior and valuable skills that were approved of by the ancient Greek society.
The Greeks, like many other civilisations, “learned and borrowed from their predecessors” , using the architecture of the past to shape their own built environment, including their temple architecture. The form of Greek temples was influenced by the use of columns in imposing Egyptian temples, and indeed also shaped by other cultures architecture, for "the great "barbarian" lesson was monumentality, the power of an architecture of public scale built of cut stone" . There was lots of experimentation in the design of Greek temples, but as time passed, several common features became standard. Temples built by the Greeks generally take a similar form to that of the Megaron: a central cella or naos, with a portico outside, supported by columns. In general,
Both the Greek and the Roman architecture inspired the cultures and architects until these days due to the diverse meaning they carry and symbolize in astonishing ways through the different orders, columns, roofs, friezes, and domes. The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome depict the splendor of these two cultures. Starting with the Parthenon, it was completely constructed in 432 B.C.E by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates to honor the Athen’s patron deity, Athena, and to house her statue. It is rectangular and consisted of a series of Doric columns. However, it is a mixture of the Doric and Ionic orders.