The Destruction of Racial Profiling in Society “Studies show that police are more likely to pull over and frisk blacks or Latinos than whites. In New York City, 80% of the stops made were blacks and Latinos, and 85% of those people were frisked, compared to a mere 8% of white people stopped.Racial Profiling is a way to discriminate others” ( stanford researchers develop new statistical test that shows racial profiling in police traffic stops). Racial Profiling is way to discriminate people by color, or race. Many people such as Hispanics and Black are being blamed for crimes that they do not commit. It has been proven that the police is more likely to accuse a hispanic or black person for a wrongdoing than a white person.
Attitudes toward the police differ race to race. Over the years, the black population has been viewing the police in a more negative way. The decline of approval is the outcome of repeatedly seeing one’s population being deprived of their rights. Dating back to the Rodney King beating in 1991, a study showed that the public’s view of the police was affected(Lasley). Disapproval was mostly shown among African Americans.
In 2014, the UN Committee against Torture reprobated police brutality and inordinate use of force by law enforcement in the US, and highlighted the "steady and recurrent police shootings or fatal pursuits of unarmed black individuals. “According to a 2016 report by the United Nations ' Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent, "contemporary police killings and the trauma that they create are evocative of the past racial terror of murder. There are many reasons as to why police officers can sometimes be overly combative. It is thought that some personality traits make some officers more predisposed to the use of excessive force than others. In one study, police psychologists were surveyed on officers who had used excessive force.
Research shows that 95% of all large police departments have BWC programs in their departments. The extension of BWC programs are due pushed by the American Civil Liberties Union, Campaign Zero, and Black Lives Matter movement (BLM) to improve policing in the country. The reason for an increase in the use of BWC in departments is due to officer involved shootings and incidents in which bystanders recorded events and later posted the videos on social media. A theory on the effects of body cameras states that police officers and civilians behave differently on when being recorded than they would off film. This theory suggests that when a person is being watched, crime reduces, honesty is encouraged, and work productivity is increased.
According a study conducted by Chaney and Robertson, American’s attitudes about police officers have changed dramatically in the past ten years. Their study, which appeared in The Journal of African American Studies, suggests that instead of feeling safe and protected by police, many citizens actually feel animosity towards police officers, and are mistrustful and suspicious towards them (Chaney and Robertson 480). This situation seems almost impossible to rectify, especially since law enforcement is given the authority and the privilege to use force not only by the law, but also by society. In order to allow law enforcement officers this power, the public must completely trust those who are protecting them, and must believe that police are using force responsibly and ethically. People naturally assume that the police are well-trained to use force appropriately and fairly without prejudices.
As Scout and Jem grow older they learn to cope, take responsibility and are introduced to new aspects of life, one of which is racism. People of the town including children refer to black people as “Niggers”, and raised to think of black people as lower class individuals. “To Kill A Mockingbird” has a strong message towards racism, this is learned from Scout & Jem as they mature throughout the novel and are constantly being exposed to demeaning segregation in Maycomb County. In giving Scout a lesson about racism, Atticus also does the same for the readers of the novel. This happens when Scout asks Atticus what the term ‘Nigger-lover” meant, after being insulted several of times and not knowing if it is an offensive word or not, but had a slight feeling it was when Atticus was being called at.
In the book “Black Like Me” by Howard Griffin, a journalist goes through the times of the 1950s where blacks were not treated equally. In this book Griffin turns himself black with chemicals prescribed by a doctor and lives the life of a negro. He then leaves his family, and starts his journal accounts of his negro life. In this book Griffin changes his perspective of how negroes really were, despite what he learned from others. During his journey he faced many hardships, sufferings, and inequalities.
Police officers are responsible in investigating suspicious behavior in public places varying from public streets, roads, highways, public parks and restaurants. Police officers have the ability to briefly approach and stop an individual and question or sometimes frisk them if deemed necessary. Under probable cause,
Numerous studies have provided different perspectives and evidence on the impact of racial inequality in the criminal justice systems, specifically how these racial inequalities affect black Americans. Lisa Miller found in The Invisible Black: Victim, “mistreatment by law enforcement, law-makers, and federalism” in the racial bias toward black Americans (2010). Pettit and Skyes in Civil Rights Legislation and Legalized Exclusion, point out that black males are more likely to end up in jail (2015). A sociologist named David Garland contrived the term “mass incarceration” to explain high incarceration rates in the United States (U.S) (Pettit and Skyes 2015). Currently, the highest incarceration is among black men of 1 in 15 (Miller 2010).
Racial profiling is defined as “The use of race or ethnicity as grounds for suspecting someone of having committed a crime”. (Oxford Dictionaries | English, Oxford Dictionaries.) For the long history that is The United States of America and even in present day we still see racial profiling. In the past few years even with large media presence on certain cop related incidence or the unfair sentencing of one due to their race we have started to see a change from those within the criminal justice system as well as the citizens of this country, standing up for what is right and just. In 1968 after the country was suffering from riots from Newark to Detroit with damages to the country ranging in the $100 million mark on property damage, 83 people
The "cumulative impact of racial discrimination accounts for the special, way that blacks have of looking at and evaluating" their experiences in public encounters (Feagin, 1991:115). For example, descriptions of black citizens ' mistreatment by the police are abundant in some African-American communities. Regardless of their accuracy, the dissemination of these narratives increases the likelihood that neighborhood residents will come to view local policing strategies as racially biased (Weitzer, 2002). Feagin 's (1991) examination of racial discrimination highlights the importance of understanding the impact of accumulated discriminatory experiences. One of the most reliable findings in research on attitudes toward police is that citizen distrust is more widespread among African-Americans than whites.
2005, An Analysis of the NYPD 's stop and frisk policy in the context of the claim of racial bias by Andrew Gelman, Jeffrey Fagan, Alex Kiss is about the NYPD records of indicated that they were stopping black and Hispanics more often that they were stopping whites. Minorities are stopped twice as often for violent crimes and a weapons offense. Lower "hit rates" for non-whites is suggested as the targeting of minorities while another suggests dynamics of racial stereotyping and a more passive form of racial preference. Racial Incongruity stops in high rates of minority stop in predominantly white precincts. Being out of place is often a reason for suspicion.
Rough Draft Essay #3 When the LA riots happened many thought it was a race difference between African Americans and White Americans, but it was much more than that. Anna Deavere Smith’s book Twilight: Los Angeles 1992, shows the different races involved in the LA riots and the true feelings of the LA riots from a range of different people. After interviewing over 300 people, Smith included 25 people. People who have dealt with racism, witnesses of the riots, Korean store owners, police officers and more. Touching on many different painful subjectsAnna Deavere Smith’s book Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992 achieves her goal of instilling change by successfully raising awareness of social injustice and expressing the resentment from the civilians
Through my research I continuously asked myself; why are there more people of color incarcerated than whites? Is it because they commit more crimes? Or are parts of the criminal justice system flawed and discriminatory? Nonetheless, if the there is some kind of discrimination, does this explain poverty in African American and Hispanic communities? I found that, today, people of color are more likely to be incarcerated and sentenced disproportionally than their white counterparts.
Content analysis of news articles, video’s, surveys, and interviews with the Chief of Police in Sherwood, North Little Rock, and Sheriff of Pulaski County is the methodology used in this research. I have read many articles online so far about police shootings on African Americans. My frame of study for my research is going to be the past 10 years. All of the articles that are used for my research analysis that the local police departments are racist and the shootings of African American males are race related. There will be roughly 200 articles that will be used for this study.