By the end of the novel, Winston is destroyed and the Party continues to dictate conformity among the masses. The Party’s destruction of society’s individuality reveals humanity’s potential for evil and corruption in their struggle for power over
The movie depicts the despotic rule of the government and how it curtailed the freedom of the people. An interesting thing about the government is that its past is similar to Hitler’s reign. The concentration camp, hatred against a particular community, the superiority over all and using secret police to control the public and use fear to prevent any uprising are some of the examples which show the resemblance in the Chancellor Sutler’s persona and style of ruling. He came to power in a difficult time when England was under political unrest and economic troubles and used the condition to their benefit by winning elections
Totalitarian governments, such as Nazi Germany, and their use of controversial techniques in order to rise power are significant influences on literature, creating parallels between it and novels such as 1984 by George Orwell. The system deployed by the Nazi regime in order to rise to power was undoubtedly, while immoral, very effective in eliciting the results desired by its enforcers. State sponsored murder or execution, prevalent in both Nazi Germany and 1984, were utilized by the government to incite hatred within its citizens. Big Brothers overbearing presence in the citizens lives strikingly resembles the relationship that dictators such as Adolf Hitler held with countries through implementation of similar propaganda techniques seen in 1984. A presence so oppressive that its self-serving existence has torn apart the psyche of the citizens it represses to the point they are no longer human enough to question why they are being treated like animals.
An Oppressive Government George Orwell talks about the dangers that can occur with an oppressive totalitarian government. He documents life under a controlling government party referenced to The Party and Big brother. He discusses the lack of privacy of the citizens and the result and consequences of committing crimes. During the time period of the late 40’s the government used telescreens in order to surveillance the people at all times. “ On coins, stamps, on the covers of books… everywhere.
Hannah Arendt one of the most influential scholars who defines Nazism as totalitarianism and describes totalitarianism as a novel form of government and domination (Arendt, 1953 : 303). Arendt explains how totalitarianism operates to transform the society into a total domination as follows, Wherever it rose to power, it developed entirely new political institutions and destroyed all social, legal and political institutions and destroyed all social, legal and political traditions of the country...totalitarian government always transformed classes into masses, supplanted the party system, not by one-party dictatorships, but by a mass movement, shifted the center of power from the army to the police, and established a foreign policy openly directed towards world domination (Arendt, 1953 : 303). Thus, according to Arendt, totalitarianism is “a chaotic, non-utilitarian, manically dynamic movement of destruction” (Canovan, 1999 : 26). In the light of the aforementioned characteristics of totalitarianism defined, Hannah Arendt claims that totalitarianism is incomprehensible since it is not possible to judge or predict its actions through any traditional, legal, moral or common sense (Arendt, 1953 : 303). Therefore, Arendt evaluates the regimes under Hitler and Stalin rule “not only wicked but also senseless, of a kind that could not be deduced from humanly comprehensible motives” (Canovan, 1999 : 25).
According to Peter (2001), dystopia emerges during the Cold War anti-communism and Free World anti-totalitarianism to focus on the tendencies implicit by the war and warns the future danger of it and also suggests possible utopian features. Pirates of the Universe, for example portrays a bleak future where private advertising agencies run large conglomerates, create bio-engineered food in a world of scarce natural resources, use advanced techniques of psychological suggestion to addict consumers to products and control the government by in effect owning both legislators and regulatory agencies. Cat’s Cradle (1963) also portrays the same perspective of how advanced science can threaten the society. The writer of Pirates of the Universe, Bisson emphasizes the centrality of expectation and perception, how individuals imagine, perceive and misperceive, and respond to what exists and to the potentially new world that human beings cannot
In 1984, Orwell depicts a nightmarish world through the eyes of Winston, the protagonist of the novel. Winston, a minor member of the ruling Party, does not support the totalitarian control or the enforced oppression of the individual that the government pushes on the citizens. Big Brother, the Party, and the Thought Police establish incomprehensive oppression of their people where the people begin to reject their own individuality and intellectual reasoning to be more agreeable with the party’s ideals. Big Brother wields total power over the inhabitants of the totalitarian state. He monitors every citizen twenty-four hours a day which restricts any form of privacy.
This organisation is presumably run by the government in order to kill other people in order to continue future generations. The conflict in this theme is clear, man vs government. This conflict relates to authoritarian government control as the population has been blindsided and in almost a cult of personality state in which the citizens
What a tempting opportunity for any irresponsible leader of government! History and the headlines are loaded with such opportunities and the leaders who capitalize on them. Out of the weaknesses of individuals, governments justify and construct new warfare. War becomes a tool: loyalty can be assured, imagined threats can be inflated into seeming realities, and promises of safety can become magnets for the weak. Across the whole human world, we find societies which seem to have built the process of war-traumatization into their systems.
Also, if the people do not believe in everything the Party says then they also will be taken away. In 1984, George Orwell shows the readers that the destruction of language and the past can be used as tools to manipulate people in believing in anything such things as, forcing society to speak only one language, putting up posters to persuade the people to believe in this saying