The Philosophy And Philosophy Of The Bauhaus Architecture

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As quoted by Walter Gropius, “The Bauhaus fights imitation, inferior craftsmanship and artistic dilettantism.” The Bauhaus was an art school founded by Walter Gropius in 1919 in Weimar, Germany that taught the style and was moved to Dessau in 1925. Resembling a primitive guild system with apprentices, journeymen and masters (instead of students and teachers), the Bauhaus opened up new teaching philosophies. In the book ‘Bauhaus Architecture’, Ulf Meyer says that the building offered ideal working environments and was a manifestation of the Bauhaus’ own design philosophy. “The main influences behind the Bauhaus were modernism, the English Arts Crafts movement, and Constructivism.” (Gropius, 1965, p.25-30) The principles that Gropius followed were unity of form and function, the idea that design is in service of the community and a belief in the expertise of pure geometry. According to Margaret Kentgens in ‘The Bauhaus and America’, the typical traits of the Bauhaus are clear, well-proportioned, and adequate to all its necessary components like those of the modern engineered machine products. The Bauhaus ideals insisted on using only primary colors and coupled it with simple geometric shapes that further led to an ideology of what the Bauhaus Style designs resembled. “The Bauhaus building provides an important landmark of architectural history, even though it was dependent on earlier projects of the architect as well as on the basic outlines and concepts of Frank Lloyd

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