The Philosophy Of Epicureanism And Stoicism

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Both originating from Athens, Greece during the Hellenistic period and becoming largely influential to Rome, the philosophy of Epicureanism by Epicurus and the philosophy of Stoicism by Zeno of Citium are two schools of philosophy that were brought forth to the average citizen to demonstrate how one should live their lives, the ultimate goal of life and what philosophy commonly attempts to answer. While these two schools of philosophy focused on teaching people their role in life and how to explain the nature of the experiences humans perceive, they both differ in the way they believe these aspects are explained. Through my understanding of these beliefs, I find Epicureanism to be a greater way of life than Stoicism is because of its understanding that our lives are based upon pleasure, and that if there was a god they would not bother with us because they would already be happy, a concept the Stoics disagree with. To introduce philosophy, Hadot’s book Philosophy as a Way of Life comments that the lessons of ancient philosophy are “an invitation to each human being to transform himself. Philosophy is a conversion” (275). Hadot’s comment that philosophy is a conversion is one of the most important sections in the entirety of his book, as it teaches the reader that philosophy isn’t something so easily received. Throughout the chapter, Hadot places emphasis on the history of philosophy and how humans have, for centuries, attempted to understand their place in this world and

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