Another way to look at the parable interpretation would be not to think of it as a Buddhist distaste of discourse, rationale, and logic. Instead one should consider the undesirable role of personal identity or the ‘self’ when philosophizing. Any philosophy that doesn’t contribute to achieving liberation is meaningless. The detrimental element of philosophy is the false identification with the self and the ego. Identification and attachment with the “I” is a common sight in contemporary philosophy.
How can moral judgement be passed if the concept (a subjective construct) responsibility and morality is detached from any objectivity? Furthermore, objectivity cannot be restricted by binaries such as good and evil. With that said, it seems life negating to pass moral judgement on a peer based on a code of morals without an objective foot to stand on. Nietzsche is also concerned with another leg of the traditional concept of responsibility: Causality. Nietzsche maintains that: Firstly, free will and unfree will does not exist and an actor does not act out of free will.
Churchland assumes that people’s common-sense framework would be eliminated over time as it gives a misleading insight of human behaviors, cognitive abilities, and the nature of reality at large. The matter is that the eliminative materialist perspective is built according to a strong conviction that folk psychology is a “hopelessly primitive and deeply confused conception of our internal activities” (Churchland pg. 288). The main argument for eliminative materialism suggested by Churchland is the fact that folk psychology has proved unable to explain the fundamental materiality of the human essence, including the nature of learning, memory, and mental
Without a tangible “thing” to split, it could be argued that divisibility has no real meaning at all in relation to things that by their nature cannot be split. To wit, Descartes’ argument supposes that a mind divided would result in absurdity, such as two fractions of a greater mind, both with capacity to think, or in other words, two new minds, he takes this as evidence that a mind cannot be divided; but it would seem plausible also to say that this absurdity is the result of applying terms that only have meaning when applied to things with extension. In other words; a mind may well be capable of division, even if it was substantively different and separate from matter and body, thus we may conclude that Descartes cannot prove the distinction between mind and matter by ascribing notions of relative divisibility or non-divisibility to them. Additionally much of Descartes thought regarding the indivisibility of the mind is based on a preceding conception of the mind as non-physical before the argument proves
This story symbolizes what happens when people are restrained from seeing certain things because it causes them to have a different perception of the world that can be far from the truth. That is why the Allegory of the Cave is an example of what philosophy is
Logical fallacy means an error of reasoning. The ability to identify logical fallacies in the arguments of others and to avoid them in one’s own argument, is both valuable and increasingly rare. Fallacious reasoning keeps us from knowing the truth, and the inability to think critically makes us vulnerable to manipulation by those skilled in the art of rhetoric. Fallacies are categorized as: formal, informal, logical and factual. Each group of fallacies contain sub-categories of the different forms of that type of fallacy.
She says that “judging one’s own culture requires the ability to judge other cultures". If we cannot judge other cultures, then we cannot judge our own. This would lead to an inability to judge anything of moral signiﬁcance whatsoever, which is extremely absurd. Moral judgement is a necessary part of existence, and therefore moral isolationism cannot be correct.
Since each culture’s goals differ from one another, It is only logical that their moral codes vary as well. Take the aforementioned Baduy tribe in Indonesia as an example. This tribe is divided into two: the inner Baduy and the outer Baduy. Although both believe in the purity of their culture, the former holds their purity as sacred, while the latter has gone through some form of assimilation upon receiving influences from the outside world (Kartakusuma, 2010). The inner Baduy people deem the outside culture as disruptive, and any form of intrusion from other cultures is frowned upon.
Gergen (1995) suggest, “that the contents of these minds are expressed in words and actions, how are we to determine what internal states these words and actions are attempting to express? The problem is especially perplexing because we are confronted only by word and actions” (Gergen, 1995)Being unaware of what the other party brings to an interaction is what allows for knowledge to be generated during the course of the interaction. This is due to the fact that others’ prior knowledge, as well as your own, allow one to construct a new meaning, or knowledge, after an interaction occurs. Gergen (1995) further argues that the meaning of words and actions “is not derived by comparing them against the subjectivity of their authors, but against the governing conventions of the communities in which we reside”. Simply, words and actions are context dependent.
Husserl uses this reasonable claim by rejecting it in his phenomenology by showing us that the existence of the external world which exists beyond our knowledge and beliefs about it is doubtful, as the external world for a realist would still exist if even if there was no one to experience it, Husserl 's points out that there are little characteristics of realism that inform us on which entities belong to the real world. This puts Descartes in a position of vulnerability in Husserl 's phenomenology as it allows Husserl to point out Descartes failures and inconsistency within his method. When observing Descartes philosophy we are able to see his perspective, high influence and position within the study of Husserl 's phenomenology, his standing in this philosophy is of great importance as it bases the origination of most of Husserl 's