Besides that, lean manufacturing is the concept of anything that does not create value in the product should be eliminated. In short word, it is concept of more value but for less work (The Folk Group, 2009). According to Meyers and Stewart (2002), lean manufacturing is the concept which all production employees work together to eliminate the waste. Taylor was described lean manufacturing as a process level. He describes lean as designs the process that only will create value in the product as much as possible (Taylor, 1880 & 1990).
Also set security on the user organizational units so that no computer objects can be created there, and vice versa. Shitsuke: (Sustain), Destroy the old structures for users and computer objects, so that nobody could go back and use them. Set up a monthly clean-up activity so that a lot of clean-up would take place continuously. Pros and Cons Lean Manufacturing is a way to help companies reduce the amount of waste they use and achieve their targeted productivity by introduction some different tools and techniques. This includes using less human effort, less manufacturing space, and less investment tools to develop a new product.
The foundations of lean operations is routed and combined with the Japanese auto manufacturing company, Toyota. Toyota introduced the Toyota Productions System (TPS) and it was the driver which helped the company to grow (Ohno, 1988). However, later on the concept of TPS was refined and disseminated by the MIT project team and was renamed “lean” (Womack, 1990). Lean operations were firstly developed in the manufacturing industry and a successful implementation would be to promote operational flow efficiency and achieve effective cost reduction ( Portioli, 2010). The main idea of the lean operations is a business system which main goal is to eradicate wastes and to develop constant business flow.
The other two consulting firms stepped in for the lean con-cepts: “A3-thinking and coaching” and “making materials flow”. Due to the out-sourcing to consulting firms, this can be considered as a decrease in top manage-ment involvement. However, it also means top management provides enough re-sources for their lean conversion. When Daktronics started their lean implementation for the LED assembly, the lean team met three times a week. This shows the seriousness of the project and the involvement of the entire lean team.
In the 21st century global industry, many manufacturing companies have been keen to implement the new strategy and new management techniques especially automotive manufacturing company and modern production for the competitiveness and efficiency of the company. They have taken a system which is lean manufacturing as a management tool. Many of them have adopted this technique under different names and in various forms. Lean manufacturing started at Toyota factories in Japan, known as the Toyota Production System (TPS). Lean manufacturing has been widely known and implemented since 1960.
Lean manufacturing is additionally characterized as a far reaching way to deal with the removal of waste from any operation; a business improvement technique that provides a way to accomplish more with less while coming closer to furnishing consumers with precisely what they want. Lean manufacturing is said to be ‘lean’ because it utilizes less of everything – half the human effort in the factory, half the manufacturing space, etc. (Womack et al. 1990, Simons and Taylor, 2007, Epply, 2000). Holweg (2007) expressed Lean as philosophy of manufacturing that joins a collection of tools, standards and procedures into the business process to enhance time, HR and profitability, while boosting the quality level of items and services to their
This has an advantage too; the principles used for effective manufacturing can also be used for an effective supply chain. One such concept is ‘lean’. Adoption of lean principles in supply chain worldwide has enabled manufacturing to be customer-focused,
Quality at the source. Lean comes from Lean Manufacturing and is a set of principles for achieving quality, speed & customer alignment .Lean is a customer-centric methodology used to continuously improve any process through the elimination of waste in everything you do; it is based on the ideas of “Continuous Incremental Improvement” and “Respect for People.” Lean is a set of operating philosophies and methods that emphasizes the consideration of the customer’s needs, employee involvement and continuous improvement. Lean is respectful
Improving the energy performance of existing buildings is important to increasing our energy independence. Government and private sector organizations are aiming to build net zero energy buildings to decrease dependence on fossil fuels. 3. Protect and Conserve Water Fresh water is a scarce resource. building changes the ecological and hydrological function of land, a sustainable building should look for minimizing the impacts .
2. Principles of Lean Production TPS Handbook (www.artoflean.com) considers two main pillars of its system: • Just-in-time that means "Making only what is needed, only when it is needed, and only in the amount that is needed". • Jidoka that means: "Building Quality into the production process". This system decreases inventory, and strives to overcome both early and over production. The approach just-in-time (JIT) demands new mechanism of logistic.