As this went on, Rome came to lust for power itself. Rome began to oppress their conquered subject. Their greed increased substantially at the cost of their honour. These conquest also resulted in large quantities of people being subjects to Rome but without any actual rights, or in some cases very few rights, to actually participate in government. Yet even without rights, these people were required to add to Rome 's wealth.
Caesar’s expedition in Gaul did indeed contribute to this buildup of tensions, as he gained vast amounts of wealth, influence and power. However, this was not the only factor involved. The previous instability within the Republic, including the opposition to Caesar in the senate and the volatility of the alliance between Pompey and Caesar, also contributed to the tensions building up. While Stevenson and Caesar himself blame the Optimates for the buildup to the war, Pompey ultimately made the decision to break the alliance and hence shares the blame for the split as well. Crassus death also served as a pivotal point in the breakup, as a sense of rivalry developed between Pompey and Caesar as their power and influence further increased.
During the time of the Roman Republic, there was constant struggle between the rich patrician aristocracy and the plebeians who ranged from jobless laborers to wealthy landowners who did not belong to the noble class. While on the one hand the patricians tried to concentrate all political power in their hands,
The patricians consisted of the citizens by birth. The plebeians were the common people (Morey, 1901, Ch 7). After getting rid of the kingship, the patricians held control as the natural citizens of Rome. The plebeians manned the armies and thus were in debt by the end of the war. The patricians were mostly wealthy and thus assumed a higher stature in the society, also being the lenders to the plebeians.
There are various reasons as to why the Plebian Revolt happened. Economic, social, and political differences between the Plebeians and the Patricians caused a huge rift in the citizens of Rome. It would only be a matter of time before something occurred to spark a revolution on behalf of the Plebeians. I will attempt to explain the differences that lead up to the first revolt, the aftermath of the first revolt, and a modern situation that is similar. The Plebeians were the poor.
During the era of classical societies, the Han and Roman empires were two vast cosmopolitan societies which dominated regions all throughout Eurasia. In regards to the fall of the Han and Roman empires, both were similar in that they fell victim to internal government decay, but different in that Rome fell to foreign invasions, while Han suffered from rebellions of their own people. The Han and Roman empires were similar in their fall in that they both suffered from internal decay, specifically of their governments. In the Han empire, land distribution problems that were originally sought to be fixed by the “Socialist emperor” Wang Mang allowed large landowners to become even more influential than they previously were. These landowners successfully
Gladiators were also slaves that were trained to fight to the death for entertainment in the Roman amphitheaters. These slaves were usually physically sound, but their conditions were harsh as well. In fact, Romans often feared gladiator revolts since these men were not only strong and talented, but given access to highly dangerous weapons. The most successful fighters would sometimes be granted
Rome went on to conquer and settle Gaul, the Celts and traveled as far as the British Isles. Polybius states that many had mixed ideas of Rome, “[…] thus securing the supremacy for their own country---were the actions of sensible and far-sighted men. Others contradicted this, and asserted that the Romans had no such policy in view when they obtained their supremacy; and that they had gradually and insensibly become perverted to the same ambition for power, which had once characterized the Athenians and Lacedaemonians; and though they had advanced more slowly than these last, that they would from all appearances yet arrive at the same consummation.” Rome left an indelible mark upon the world that is still felt and heard today. Rome after the Punic Wars was very different than the Rome before the long
(Doc F). Some of the “immigrants” could have been spies, or even attackers working for other countries/cities. Other invaders killed the Roman emperors and most likely then fled the country. This was because at the time, Rome was far ahead of the other countries. It owned most of them, and was very powerful.
The Roman empire was a republic that included the votes of the poor as well as the wealthy, and although the poor could never hold political office, the wealthy knew better than to lord their power over the commoners within the empire. It was their ideals and principles on country first and above all that kept the empire bonded together under one nation as
Economy and social division played a huge role in what the Salem Witch Trials turned to be. Many historians theorize that the real reason behind the trials was due to the different opinions between the townsmen, who were considered to be rich, and the farmers, who had to rely on the more powerful people of Salem. During these times Salem was divided into two very different parts: Salem Town and Salem Village or Salem Farms. Both were located in what is considered “Salem, Massachusetts” but were highly divided due to the different economy, class, and characters. The residents in Salem Town were considered the prosperous and the land was fertile.
In 509 BCE, the Romans established a government they knew as the republic (Bishop, 77). These chosen leaders and representatives represented the public as a whole, a lot like our government does in the United Sates. The reason for this was because the Romans were tired of the ruling of the Etruscans (77). This group of Etruscans were mostly from southern Italy, most likely were corrupted kings that led the Romans to institute the republic (77). The interesting part here is how human sin nature took over and corrupted the republic.
They both fell from similar reasons although there was some differences. One similarity in Han China and Rome was that they were invaded constantly. The Han were invaded by the Xiongnu, the Kazakhs, and Mongols. Emperors in Han china offered the Xiongnu many items in return for peace but they didn 't have enough to pay everyone!Eventually the Han ended the Xiongnu but it came at a price. They had little money left over which put the government into turmoil.