Chapter One: Ideas that Shape American Politics 1. There are three forms of equality (social, political, and economic), define each. Which is most important in our modern democracy? Social equality refers to all individuals enjoying the same status in the society. Political equality means all citizens having the same political rights and opportunities.
America prides itself on being one of the most effective democratically governed counties. The idea of the American dream is that all people have equivalent political freedoms and a responsive government. However the effectiveness of social equality is being threatened by increasing inequality in the United States. Economic inequality in the US has expanded drastically. The wealth gap has had drastic changes over the past 35 years.
Robert Dahl came up with meritorious pluralist theory about democracy. His case study was in New Haven, Connecticut in 1941-1959. In his well-known book Who Governs? Democracy and Power in American Study, in his book Dahls argue, “Political power in the United States is pluralistic”. He rebutted theories created by Floyd Hunter, who argued that a small elite had key positions of power.
Equality is farther than most people realize. In the article “The Social Construction of Difference” by Allan G. Johnson published on February 20th, 2005, the author tells the truth behind this day in ages society. The world and how it’s order between each set of people is organized. The main point written by the author is that the most privileged category in today’s society is the white race. The author also states that males have a big advantage in society as well.
How Democratic Is the American Constitution? Robert A. Dahl wrote a book that critically analyses the much respected constitution of the United States of America. The author examines the democratic nature of the American Constitution both in the way it was enacted and whether it contains principles of democracy in it (Dahl, 2003, p.1). The entire book has been dedicated to highlighting various aspects of the American constitution more especially the historical views of the document. From the onset sets it clear that the aim of his book is not to propose changes to the American constitution but to suggest changes in the way Americans think about their constitution (Dahl, 2003, p. 1).
For one to exist for themselves, by their own wishes and desires, they must first free themselves from the suffocating ideals of collectivism. For the society that Equality envisions creating, instating rules that would limit the
Perhaps he would point to a second dictionary definition of “democracy,” “an organization or situation in which everyone is treated equally and has equal rights.” That sounds good, but reasonable people have long argued about the meaning of “treating people equally.” Is equality “equal protection of the law” or is it equalizing income levels, or is it something in between? What “equality” would Americans accept, given our history of respect for private property and distrust of governmental overreaching? Would Americans accept the equalizing measures adopted by the other democratic countries to which Mr. Curran alludes?
Although Americans have disagreed over the meaning of such political belief referring to equality, it remains significant to those ideals. In recent days, the nation seems to be colliding due to the topic of equality, specially within the sports realm. Some of the NFL players around the nation has been peacefully exercising the rights within the constitution aside to their peaceful protest against inequality and police brutality towards minorities, particularly blacks. Contrary to the “beliefs” of equality and freedom within the land of the
We would assume that in our diversified society, these rights and freedoms are being extended to everyone without question. However, we face the matter of classifying ourselves based on a group we associate with, whether that be race, ethnicity, or gender. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, these classifications served as a powerful driving force to the inequality many faced. The inequality existed in two forms, inequality of opportunity and inequality of outcome. The first, inequality of opportunity, makes its way into practicality when laws or government decisions are the main driving force for widening social inequality.
A trade off exists between equity and efficiency. Society choose different types of political and economic systems based on different perceptions of efficiency and equity. The causes of income inequality can vary by skills, gender, education and social status. “Income inequality has grown increasingly evident since the 1980s, when the distribution of income had 30 to 35% of
Should every person should have an equal say in how our government is supposed to function? To my understanding our government consist of a Judicial, Executive and Legislative branches. The people in these branches are selected by elections, political parties and interest groups organized by the people. According to Dictionary.com a Democracy is “a system of government in which power is vested in the people, who rule either directly or through freely elected representatives.” So I ask again, should every person have an equal say in how our government should function? This question is answered in Larry Bartels book Unequal Democracy. He proves the conspiracy of how the U.S government favor the rich and wealthy “Unequal Democracy”. Bartel elaborates
In conclusion, Rose and Hughes both have similar perspectives on democracy although each author shares their opinions using different strategies. Without the voices of strong people like Hughes and Rose, who chose to share their opinion through a text, democracy would still not be fair for
In the United States, people always talk about freedom and equality. Especially they want elections could be more democratic. In American Democracy in Peril, Hudson’s main argument regarding chapter five “Election Without the People’s Voice,” is if elections want to be democratic, they must meet three essential criteria, which are to provide equal representation of all citizens, to be mechanisms for deliberation about public policy issues, and to control what government does. Unfortunately, those points that Hudson mentions are what American elections do not have. American elections do not provide equal representation to everyone in the country.