Compare and contrast of The French Revolution and The American Revolution The American revolution and the French Revolution are two major incidents happened in the 1700s, which had intense social impacts on both French and American societies. In general, the American Revolution was more successful than the French revolution. The similarity between them is that the citizens in both countries, both faced the block of common economical development of the government. However, there is a difference that makes the American revolution succeeded while the French revolution doesn’t. The American Revolution turned the American society into a republic, as the French Revolution eventually led the French society into dictatorship and more chaos in the
“What do we mean by revolution?” Wrote John Adams to Thomas Jefferson in 1815. “The war? That was no part of the Revolution; only a consequence of it. The Revolution was in the minds of the people, and was effected, from 1760 to 1775, in the course of fifteen years before a drop of blood was spilled at Lexington.” In the words of John Adams, the American Revolution was more than a war, it was an intellectual movement that transformed the mindset of a nation. In the light of an Enlightenment era radical ideas were nothing new, however radical ideas against the British government (and the european lifestyle in general) were dangerous.
The French Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, and experienced violent periods of political turmoil. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, it profoundly altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics and liberal democracies. There are mainly three aspects of the causes of the French Revolution—political, economic and cultural. The inequality of the French government’s policies in favor of the first two estates is a main factor of the French Revolution. A chart revealing the life of Frenchmen in 1789shows the differences among the nobles, clergies and the Third Estate.
Many people who studied the American Revolution would say that it was very contradictory because of reasons like the man who wrote the declaration of independence and said all men are created equal, yet he owned slaves. United States, before 1765 was ruled by England, however England enforced several acts for their favor, reason being that they used their finances in the French and Indian War in 1754. In order to compensate for their drained wealth. First the currency act happened, which was to limit the use of paper money in United States, to prevent English merchants being underpaid due to currency change. Then there was the Sugar act, which was to increase the tax on items coming to the United States from England, on items such as sugar, coffee, some wines, and much more.
Long before the French Revolution, France was in a major economic crisis. Along with massive unchecked spending on the part of the monarchs themselves before the revolution, there were a number of other issues that had a dramatic impact on the French financial situation. First, the national debt was quite large in the years before the French Revolution. In addition to the fact that there were several bad decisions made by officials and advisors, they tried to improve the financial situation after the Seven Years’ War and the American Revolution, both of which almost decimated the treasury due to the size of the armies required. Besides the costs of the wars, King Louis XVI built a giant palace called “Versailles which was a testament to unchecked spending with vast amounts of gold decorating the
Braford E. Burns began writing The Poverty of Progress as a historical essay arguing against the “modernization” of nineteenth century Latin America. Burns argues that modernization was preformed against the will of the majority and benefited a small group of Creole Elite, while causing an exponential drop in the quality of life for folk majority. Burns supports his research through a series of dichotomies. Within the first twenty years of the nineteenth century the majority of Latin America gained independence from Spain. Prior to the Latin American countries gaining independence, the Creole elites expressed great displeasure with the crown and readily equated themselves with the American colonists before gaining independence from Britain.
In French there’s an expression – plus ca change – which, translated into English, means something to the effect that the more things change, the more they stay the same. The French Revolution offers a plus ca change paradigm – revolutionary, liberal, and even noble ideas but with the outcome being a society not equally changed in terms of its social, economic, and political fortunes. There are fundamental and incontrovertible and durable changes that flowed directly from the Revolution. These include the transition of an absolute monarchy to a constitution one (and ultimately, in the mid-19th century, to no monarch at all), a migration of belief from the asserted divine right of kings to one of popular sovereignty, the jettisoning of corporate privileges of the nobility and church, and with it, a civil equality in taxes and rule of law and in religious belief, and the establishment of merit and talent in lieu of birth hierarchy as the basis of societal
Revolutions were indisputably a crucial part during the 1700s and 1800s. Revolutions are primarily defined and recognized as a sudden or great change for the better. In particular, one prominent revolution that occurred in the late 1700s is none other than the French Revolution. The French Revolution eventually led to the development of new political forces. Also, it questioned the jurisdiction of the king, priests, and nobles.
The French Revolution, which lasted from 1789 until 1799, was a period of drastic social and political, fundamental changes, replacing the ancien regime with three new succeeding political regimes until 1799. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, experienced violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon that rapidly brought many of its principles to Western Europe and beyond. What the French Revolution manifested the abolition of the remnants of the feudal system such as peasant dues and equality before the law. It, on the other hand, created the opportunities for the new social groups to acquire political power. Also, the French Revolution became a starting point for the rise of republics and democracies and accelerated the emergence and development of the modern ideologies such
After the French Revolution, a Corsican artillery officer, named Napoleon Bonaparte, became the emperor of France in 1804. After playing a significant role in trying retake the French port of Toulon, occupied by the British, he was appointed general at the age of 26 in 1793. This marked the beginning of the Napoleonic Era, which would change the course of European history for centuries. However, despite claiming to be a strong supporter of the French Revolution, Napoleon mostly undermined the goals of the Revolution by violating the Declaration of the Rights of Man, insisting on returning to principles of the Old Regime in regards to women, the imposition of taxes and the re-establishment of the social elite. Nonetheless, Napoleon still supported the main goals of the Revolution by establishing the Civil Code and supporting the peasantry by lowering bread prices.