The Political Theory Of Al-Ghazali

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One of the greatest and eminent original philosophers not only in the history of Muslim philosophy but also in the history of human thought is Abu Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Al-Ghazali. He was more popularly known as Al-Ghazali. Apart from being a philosopher, he was a Muslim jurist, theologian and mystic. Some people even consider Ghazali as the most influential muslim philosopher after the Holy Prophet (PBUH)
Al-Ghazali took birth at Ghazzalah near Tus in 1058. Over there, Al-Ghazali began to receive his education in Islamic jurisprudence. By many people, Al-Ghazali is honored as the “proof of Islam or Hujjat al-Islam. As a great sage of that time, Al- Al-Ghazali gained great fame and became prominent because of his doctrines
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The Muslim States had many problems. According to the classical theory of Islamic law, the only legitimate political authority in Islam is that of the caliphate. However, the Abbasid Caliphate became totally dependent on the Military Power of the Buyid military Amirs. Therefore, the Caliph had no temporal power. At that time the Ismaili caliphate, which was gaining more influence, threatened to remove the power of the Sunni caliphate in Baghdad. The Saljuk Turks who had already converted to Islam, had great respect for the Sunni Caliphate and made great play in protecting its status. Al-ghazali came to prominence during the reign of the 3rd Saljuq, Sultan Malikshah and during these difficult times, he developed his theory of Caliphate in order to unite the Islamic…show more content…
From the ten qualities six are natural or innate (khilqiyya) and cannot be acquired. The other four qualities may be acquired. In the first category are adult status, sound intellect, freedom, maleness, descent from Quraysh and good hearing and sight. In each case, Imam al-Ghazali outlines his arguments for the presence of these qualities in an Imam. In the second category are four so-called "acquired" attributes: najda, kifdya, cilm and warac. Al-Ghazali states that the requisite attributes, both innate and acquired, are to be found in the person of al-Mustazhir, that his imamate is in accordance with the Sharia, that it is incumbent on all ulama to pronounce fatwas under his overall authority, and that they are to execute his judgments. Ghazali has also provided the justification of these necessary qualities for the

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