Both empires had a great impact on the rise of Islam from the development of Islamic governing practices to the creation of a religious doctrine. The growth of Islam was influenced by the bureaucratic tradition of the Sasanians, the legacy of the Byzantine, and by the concepts of the emperor that had developed in the courts of Ctesiphon and Constantinople (Cleveland & Bunton 6). One of the key points of the expansion of Islam is the imperial rivalry between the Sasanian and Byzantines that broke out into open warfare from 540 until 1629. This opened up the road for Islam to spread and provide a better alternative for the people of Arabian Peninsula and the surrounding people under the rule of these two empires. Under the
He summarizes the events leading to the action incredibly effectively. An example of this is his history if Islam Muhammad and the splitting of Islam into Sunni and Shi 'a just to be able to explain the rise of the Ottoman Empire which Queen Elizabeth 's England will later be trading with. I also found the chronological historical order he used within The Sultan and The Queen, to be very effective in helping me understand the events and their
The Aligarh movement which Syed Khan had started became the source of modernist and rational thinking among the Muslim intellectuals. This movement further provided the thrust for the Muslims ' political separatism and also communalism. He had also been responsible as claimed by some historians the formulator of the "two nations" theory. He was therefore blamed for being the reason behind who helped carve out a separate nation for the Indian Muslims within the conditions of colonial rule and changing political discourse. But there is no denying a fact that all he wanted to do for the Indian Muslims was to uplift a demoralized, disparate and disunited 'Muslim community '.
This period is also called the Islamic Golden Age. The Muslims were later ruled by caliphs after the death of Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him ). The caliphs were very influential as they had great spiritual and political authority. Islam spread quickly in the Middle East and beyond. Through the introduction of common tax system, laws and coinage, Islam was able to unite the new conquered lands.
The Hanbali School The scholar to whom this school is attributed is Abu Abd Allah Ahmad ibn Hanbal ibn Asad Al-Shaybani al-Baghadadi, who was born and died in Baghdad in the year 164 A.H. (780 A.D.) and 241 A.H. (885 A.D.) respectively . He was one of the best memorizers and narrators of Hadeeth of his time. Ahmad studied Fiqh and Hadeeth science under Imaam Abu Yusof, the well-known pupil of Abu Haneefah, as well as under al-Shafi’I himself, for concentrating on the study of Hadeeth. He traveled extensively the Islamic world such as in countries like Syria, Yemen and the Hejaz, Kufa and Basra cities in Iraq as well, for collecting as many Islamic traditions related to all aspects of law to produce his seminal work called Musnah al-Imam Ahmad
Muslims have clear knowledge, and understanding of the importance of the Great Mosque, or the Grand Mosque in Makkah in their religion. Even though other mosques are often referred to as The Great Mosque too, the one in Makkah is called Al-Masjid al-Haram, and it is where the most holy of holiest shrines is seated – the Ka’aba. Over the years, the mosque has been developed and expanded around the Ka’aba – the reason for the mosque, in the first place, was to contain the holy shrine. The mosque was built on the place where the prophet received his holy message (the Revelation). It is also the place from where Islam spread and as said, it was built to contain the holy Ka’aba (Al-Munajjid, 1999, n.p.).
With the death of Muhammad (the founder and leader of Islam) in 632 AD, there was disagreement over who would be the Islamic leader. The Safavid (known as Shi’ites) believed Ali (Muhammad’s son-in-law) should lead Islam. Ottomans (Sunni Muslims) did not agree with the Safavid on the succession of Muhammad. Many other divisions began as interpretations of the Islamic law differed. The Shi’ites were a minority and were often oppressed by the Ottomans.
The dominance of the Islamic empire during the time of the Prophet Muhammad and also his followers was marvelous. From a weak underfunded nation persecuted daily, the Muslims rose to the height of power and converted the entire Arabian Peninsula. This feat was achieved through the military genius of the Prophet, and the obedience and loyalty of his followers. Through wars and skirmishes with their enemies, the Muslims gained influence and authority among the arabs. Arguably the most significant of these was the battle of Badr.
How did some people compare the West and the Muslim world after colonisation period and what were the major responses/reactions of Muslims towards that? Muslims were politically, economically and in military weak while the west were powerful, Muslims had zero scientific progress while the west were advanced, Muslims were traditional religious thinker and Westerns were seculars and irreligious. Muslims responses vary, some fully adapted what the west came with, some rejected it and promote revivalism, some reconcile some of the aspects and some just watched. Define Islamic ‘Revivalism’ and mention its basic
Islam teaches us to pursue education and with help of education Muslims were able to make noteworthy contributions to the world which helped the world to make further accomplishments with the help of those contributions made by the Muslims earlier. The Holy Quran has completely distinguished one who has knowledge from the one who doesn’t have any knowledge. Islam has emphasized a lot of importance over the fact that people should have the urge to educate themselves, learn, respect the authority, remain disciplined in all walks of life and be tolerable to other religions. With such an importance Muslims were encouraged and inspired to make a lot of contributions in the world which helped