He points out that “foreign policy and international relations must stress politics: parties, social classes, interest groups (both economic and noneconomic), legislators, and even public opinion and elections, not simply executive officials and institutional arrangement” (Putnam 1988, 432). Risse – Kappen studied how public opinion and domestic structure can affect the foreign policies of liberal states. His results indicate that public opinion and interest groups may affect coalition building (Risse-Kappen 1991, 482). However, the impact of domestic factors, including public opinion, depends on whether state institutions are strong or weak. States with weak institutions are more responsive to domestic demands, while states with strong institutions are more reluctant to respond to domestic pressure (Risse-Kappen 1991).
Q2. Foucault had defined governmentality as the art of government. That means the idea of government is not only limited to the state politics, but it includes controlling techniques in wide range and controlling of population. Foucault had linked governmentality to other concepts such as knowledge power and bio politics. Foucault says that governmentality develops a new understanding of power.
Engaging in international communities develops the students’ global awareness and activeness, developing valuable connections with people from different lifestyles. Finally, the practical and personal experiences gained from the gap year program help students formulate career decisions and motivate them to pursue their chosen path with burning passion and perseverance. In conclusion, engaging in a gap year program is highly endorsed to be participated in by recent high school graduates before entering college for it holds momentous personal, academic, and social advantages that prepare students to become valuable and responsible individuals as they enter the domain of