Water pollution was also causing chaos, industrial waste and sewage was polluting the canals and rivers that went alongside the city. People were using the waters from the canals and rivers for cooking and cleaning purposes, but died later on due to cholera because of using the contaminated water between 1832-1834. Coal factories also produced acid rain which was identified in
This figure continues to rise with the increase in population and living standard. As a result, we can see everywhere there is garbage no matter at home, office, shop, side road, playgrounds and in the rivers (Armitage and Rooseboom, 1999). As a result, it will harm our children on playgrounds through broken glass or metal because of the irresponsible people who like to threw rubbish everywhere. Not only that, littering may hurts people by causing accidents on highways from debris being thrown out of car windows or wind (Patricia, 2007). This situation not only defile the environment but also will cause a stink surrounding circumstances and thus attracting the attention of pests such as rats and flies in which these animals also are carriers of dangerous diseases such as cholera.
THE CAUSES OF TOXIC WASTE One of the biggest problems with today's toxic material is how to dispose of it properly. Years ago it was dumped into streams, rivers and oceans or buried underground with landfills. Toxic or hazardous waste comes from a variety of sources and is considered the by-product of any hazardous substance that is thrown away, properly or improperly. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, hazardous waste is most commonly a result of manufacturing or industrial processes, but factories and similar sites are not the only producers. Hazardous waste can also be generated by small businesses, health-care facilities and individual homes.
EFFECT The effects on the city and water supply have been enormous.To start with, the means of water supply have been transformed into open sewers. The consequence of people using water canals to clean their clothes is that the detergent used has spread. The detergent cannot dissolve due to the concentration of chemicals in the already contaminated water, and spreads throughout the canal and kills fishes and other living organisms. As for the waste produced by industries and factories, lots of this waste contains heavy metals: when it is dumped into the open canals, these toxic, poisonous metals are dumped along with it. One of the most toxic metals is mercury, which can have very serious side effects if ingested in excess, including paralysis, liver and kidney failure, and death.
It occurs due to contamination of undesired chemicals in the soil due to human activities. Application of insecticides and pesticides incorporates the nitrogen compounds from the soil making it unsuitable for plants to obtain nutrition from. Discharge of industrial waste, mining, as well as deforestation, are other human activities that pollute the soil because plants can 't grow in the right way and cannot hold the soil and this results in soil erosion which is the major form so soil pollution. The forth form of pollution is Noise pollution. It occurs unpleasant sound stirs our ears and results to psychological problems such as stress, hypertension, hearing impairment, etc.
Waste can be divided into groups or rather categories. According to the search dictionary there is rubbish from commercial establishments, homes and offices. Household waste is generally classified as municipal waste, industrial waste as hazardous and biomedical or medical waste as an infectious waste. EFFECTS OF SOLID WASTE Shops, hospitals, farms, and factories all produce different kinds of waste. Some of this is poisonous and harmful to wildlife, people, oceans seas and many more other things.
Another place where the pollution of water is at the critical point is Sungai Klang where the pollution really affected the community at that place due to the stinky smell that come from the river, the smell that come from the river is caused by the rubbish that block the flow of water. The pollution in Klang also cause the water source not safe for the daily use such as for washing and drinking. Industrial waste come from the industrial, the waste from the industrial such as paper, an example of industry that give impacts to the water is paper industry as it write words, drawing and printing which they used ink. Inside the ink was the ink pigment which the pigment was not soluble in water, by taking example of white ink contain titanium oxide as the pigment. The last factors that contribute to water pollution is the ballast water tank where the ships carried water together with the organism that were placed in the ballast water tank
It is that material that arises from varies activities of human and which is normally discarded as unwanted or useless. It highly consists of heterogeneous mass of materials discarded from urban community and more of homogenous waste accumulated from agricultural, industrial and mining waste. Solid waste is typically classified into further groups on bases of heating and moisture value. These classifications are: rubbish, garbage, pathological waste, industrial waste and Agricultural waste (S.V.S Rana; 2007). Solid waste can be dealt with in various ways.
The community ism practicing an illegal dumping in the public areas such as on the road, next to the football ground, train stations, shopping mall, hostel, near grave yards in the parks and etc. land pollution has becomes series issue that we will realise it once it has affected the world wide. Discussion The terrestrial pollution in Tembisa is caused by the human activities such as: Garbage: is the domestic waste or rubbish, in this case people of this township have a tendency to dump their rubbish such as baby diapers, dead plants and animals, pads, plastics, papers,
Then there is destruction of wetlands. As wetlands is nature’s way of cleaning water. Destruction of wetlands destroys habitats of fish. It removes natural filters that store and degrade many pollutants. There are industries that produce waste that can effect in a way of the pH of the soil if it’s acidic, alkaline or balanced.