There are many things that make some countries consistently seek for improvements and capable of consistent innovation, Innovation is important for companies in order to achieve competitive advantage and to sustain this competitive advantage it needs to be followed with consistent improvements. Porter had made a framework to understand the competitiveness of nations and address why certain companies are always looking for more sophisticated source of competitive advantage. As porter stated a nation gain competitive advantage if its firms are competitive, a company become competitive through innovation and improvements. The Framework consist of four attributes that, they together form porter diamond of national advantage model, these attributes are: Factor condition, Demand condition, Related and supporting industries, and Strategy, structure and rivalry. These factors create the national environment where organizations compete.
Trade almost always benefits the countries who participate in it. There have been many trends towards freedom of trade in the United States ever since the very beginning of the nation. Trade boosts the economy by keeping it competitive and lowering prices, which increases the consumers purchasing power. Without trading between nations, the United States wouldn’t be what it is today, trade at the center of the United States is what shaped this country as well as foreign relations. Teddy Roosevelt has influenced trade and foreign relations in the United States arguably more than any other president to this day.
One of the most well-known economic industries in America is manufacturing. Manufacturing contributes $ 2.09 trillion directly to the economy. This industry is expanding and growing in the USA meaning there is an increase in the outcome of this industry. Many people work in this industry which means that they earn money, and no one is poor anymore in the USA. Because of many people working in manufacturing, the economy of the USA has increased dramatically.
Adam Smith, in his book, “An Inquiry into the Wealth of Nations” outlined the basic principles that we understand of economic liberalism today. That private ownership, free movement of capital and open mar-0kets are imperative for the accumulation of wealth. Smith’s basic tenants of capitalism have become a guiding light for the economic system, becoming deeply imbedded in every part of the global economic order. Liberalism as an economic ideology has had so much success that it has begun to threaten itself. The basic tenants of capitalism have also become not just a consensus, but become the basis for a new kind of global economic system, one in which large transnational corporations have created a global corporatist state, in which these
Based on four attributes, first one is Factor endowments that focus on basic factors natural resources, climate, location, demographics second one is advanced factors such as communication infrastructure, sophisticated and skilled labour, research facilities, and technological know-how. Third one will be advanced factors are a product of investment by individuals, companies, and governments. Porter argues that advanced factors are the most significant for competitive advantage. Lastly demand conditions that look at customer need or the demand on which is being produced, companies will have to produce innovative, high quality products early, which lead to competitive advantage. Relating and supporting industries, if suppliers or related industries exist in the home countries that are themselves internationally competitive, this can result in competitive advantage in the new industry, firm strategy, structure, and rivalry.
4.0 Implementation 4.1 Broader perspective Globalization is affected by various factors that drive towards its existence and formation in the society and a set of these macroeconomic factors. As per this analysis we can get an overview of the current economy of the country that helps the researcher to make relevant suggestions and recommendations that can benefit the economy as well as society to make them believe and trust that the globalization enhances their behaviour and life style. PEST Analysis: Source: Visual.ly website PEST Analysis of Saudi Arabia Political environment Giddens and Griffiths (2006, p. 59) states that mainly there are three reasons why politics has become one of the main drivers of globalization.
Despite high price for many of these goods, the brand popularity stable increases. The fashionable wear of the company, made from new, high-tech materials. This allows LULU to give premium prices to its customers. The company continues to have one of the highest sales in the retail industry. It has a leadership position in the growing athletic wear market.
Competitive advantage is a set of unique attributes of a nation. It is an advantage, capability, ability, strategy, that a nation or state or country has and enabling it to generate or produce or make more sales, profit, money, income and revenue and enables it to attract and retain more investors than other nations (competitors). It also puts a state in a profitable and superior strategic business position in the global markets (OU, 2010). The above figure: the determinants of national competitive advantage of Porter (OU, 2010). Applying Porter’s Diamond model of nations which consists of four major attributes to determine the global competitiveness in Bahrain: Factor Conditions in Bahrain The nation’s relative
IDENTIFY AND RESEARCH A TOURISM ATTRACTION Introduction Tourism has experienced continued growth and extensive diversification and competition on the last decades, becoming one of the fastest growing economic sectors in the world and by consequence, one of the main income sources for many developing countries. “Every time we travel we are part of a global movement that has the power to drive inclusive development, to create jobs and to build the sustainable societies we want for our future,” says the actual UNWTO¹ Secretary General, Taleb Rifai. “This movement also contributes to build mutual understanding and to safeguard our shared natural and cultural heritage,” he completes. A sustainable and responsible approach to tourism means that neither the natural environment nor the socio-cultural organisation of the host communities would be compromised by the arrival of tourists. Sustainability and Responsibility imply that tourism resources and attractions should be utilised in such a way that their subsequent use by future generations is not compromised, according to UNWTO.
According to UNWTO “over the decades, tourism has experienced continued growth and deepening diversification to become one of the fastest growing economic sectors in the world.” In Belize, tourism is one of the growing industries that has to a large extent, a great influence on the economy. The tourism industry has demonstrated success and commitment to maintain the authenticity of its attractions fostering attractive platforms for investors looking to cater the growing number experience-Based tourist. Yet tourism is not the only successful industry in Belize, there is the citrus industry, sugar industry, banana industry and also the marine industry which help the economy. Therefore tourism does indeed help the development of Belize because it provides jobs, nevertheless tourism is seasonal, therefore it only provides jobs for certain season such a summer, Easter and Christmas. This agreeing with Paul that, “the tourism industry seems to be the most efficient branch of the economy in generating jobs and income in less developed, peripheral countries / regions, where development opportunities are limited.” (2012, p2) Belize being a developing country it is where tourism is necessary for the growth of the economy.
Prosperity is the state of flourishing, thriving, good fortune or successful social status. One of the defining characteristics of the prosperity stage is low level of unemployment. Additionally, a prosperous economy experiences relatively high levels of consumer demand and production, paired with increased buying power for much of the population. Dr. Michael Porter states in the video American prosperity in the world that United States is accounted for almost one third of economic growth throughout the world. Being at the top makes us the driver for others to be great, people increase spending and start producing more.