The Positive And Negative Effects Of Migration In India

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A unique feature of the Indian scenario is that rural – rural migration continues to be predominant. In the case of unskilled and semi-skilled jobs, it is generally true that any shift from the primary to the secondary and tertiary sectors represents migration. Initially, this kind of migration is usually within the rural areas from agricultural to non-agricultural and subsequently from rural to urban areas. In some regions of India, three out of four households include a migrant. The effect of migration on individuals, households and regions add up to a significant impact on the national economy and society. This study mainly focuses on impact of migration in India. The study describes the factors contributing towards rural to urban migration. Most developing countries are experiencing the phenomenon of migration of the rural population to urban areas. The main reason for migration among males is lack of proper employment in rural areas which makes people to migrate to urban areas for better employment. While in case of females the main reason for majority of them is marriage. Migration has both positive as well as negative effects on the areas to which people migrate and from where people migrate. The consequences (or) effects of migration are given in social, economic, environmental and demographic terms. The mass migration from the rural to urban sector tends to destroy the spirit, growth and physical quality of life. This subsequently accentuates the rural

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