To Schopenhauer, happiness cannot be understood if the elements of its ' absence are not understood. Many comprehend life to be a balancing act, that these elements equalize the fulfillment of want and desire with suffering and misfortune. The same individuals would then assume that life because it carries these harmonizing features, is positively good. Because many believe life is presented as "good", suffering bestows itself as an exception or aberration to the general rule of life whereas, Schopenhauer believes it to be the other way around. He believes that life is defined by pain, drudgery, calamity, desire and that the moments of pleasure and joy are the exception to life.
Existential psychologist, Rollo May, saw it as being authoritarian in nature, in that it maintains that all problems have clear solutions and that Frankl simply provides patients with meaning if they can’t pinpoint their own. However, Frankl maintained that logotherapy teaches patients about their responsibility, rather than taking authority from them. (https://www.goodtherapy.org/learn-about-therapy/types/logotherapy). Some argue that the concepts which are at the core of logotherapy, namely meanings and values, are simply defence mechanisms and reaction formation. Frankl argued that one would not be willing to live or die for the sake of one’s defence mechanisms, but countless people have done so for the sake of meaning, thus meaning can’t simply be a defence mechanism.
Beginning in the 1990s, psychologists began to research what made a person happier and how that process affects the brain. This started a movement, known as positive psychology, that caused society to put a negative connotation on sadness, fear, anger emotions and made being happy the new normal. By focusing on happiness, positive psychologists overlook the importance of less-joyous feelings. The way positive psychologists present emotions might seem as if happiness is the only way to live a fulfilling life. However, studies have proven that those who place happiness above all other feelings usually do not live up to the greatest potential in their career or social life.
One might argue that if all humans are innately good and if they all have a conscience to account for, the reason of the existence of evil in people cannot be explained. However, those who build such arguments often forget to consider the effects of outside factors on morals. It is reasonable to argue that all actions have a reason, good and evil are not different. Good actions are derived from ‘the seeds’ that everyone inherently possess. (Mencius, 2A.6) Evil actions, however, are merely a result of interactions.
Csikszentmihalyi who is a psychologist has studied these feelings and has proven that happiness is not a terrible emotion. Some cynics may say that others do not want happiness in the world, however happiness in excess is not a healthy state of mind, but in moderation can be an important
Human nature causes people to desire more than what one already has. However, after desiring material items, people realize the foolishness in their greed. In “The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant, Mathilde Loisel, who lives in France during the 1880s, attempts to transform her ordinary life into one of luxury. She attends a reception with her friend Madame Forestier's diamond necklace, but after losing it, she works to buy a new necklace, only to later discover the necklace she lost is fake. Through this experience, Mathilde learns to be content with what she has, and as a result, she realizes the flaws in her character.
I thought I would have a better chance in life by enhancing my beauty, I attended to my physical appearance rather than school. If I knew the truth about the criterion of surviving, I would have been better off and no telling what I could offer the world. Consequently, I was focused on the wrong thing. In observing successful people, for sure many did not get there by beauty. In regards to beauty, these people are not blind to the imperfect human way of thinking nor do they envy attractive people who made it through life because of it.
I thought that this chapter was interesting because I think in a similar way. He believed that for one to be moral, they need to have an appropriate motive for undertaking a task. It cannot be based on selfish reasons and it does not have to appease the public. You do something because it is right. He also states that we often mistake ideas for our own because of conformity.
He mentioned some of their major flaws: entitlement, lack of respect towards authority figures, and they’re self-absorbed. Despite this, he concluded his essay by mentioning that they’re “not a new species” and have been heavily influenced by the baby-boomers, also known as the “Me Generation” (Stein Millennials: The Me Me Me Generation). The redeeming qualities for millennials surprisingly springs from their flaws: he points out that their lack of respect towards authority means they haven’t learned to resent it, and their self-confident edge allows them to “negotiate” for things such as “better contracts.” (Stein
The man would not be able to truly consent to an “offer he can’t refuse” (O’Neil 3). Kant values human life because they are rational beings. By coercion, it takes away the rationality in oneself. If a utilitarian were in this situation, it would mean achieving the greatest number of happiness, but Kant is focused on intentions rather than consequences. “It is conceivable
She during this scene,is described by Jordan who states, “She groped around in a waste-basket she had on her bed and pulled out the string of pearls”(pg 76). Tom tires to buy Daisy with material things, such as the pearls, but ultimately she detests the pearls since they signify her loveless marriage. Earlier on, we find out that Daisy hasn’t been happy with her own marriage, as she states, “Well, I’ve had a very bad time”