Both of these highly influential authors had different opinions on ruling that would shape how people would rule during their time and for rulers to come. One of Machiavelli’s major points in The Prince was that it was better to be feared than to be loved. He said this was because while both ways can be useful tools to help one rule, men are less likely to turn a ruler if they were afraid of punishment. Machiavelli had little faith in the common man and had this to say about them, “They are ungrateful, fickle, deceptive and deceiving, avoiders of dangers, eager to gain”(pg.353). Machiavelli believed that men will follow a ruler as long as the ruler serves their interests, and a quick to turn against the ruler unless they fear great punishment.
Throughout Machiavelli’s The Prince, he goes into great detail of the characteristics of mankind and what an ideal prince should be like. One of the things that he talks about that is very questionable is whether it is better to be feared than to be loved. Machiavelli says that it better to be both feared and loved, but if he had to choose only one, he would pick fear. In order to be a great leader I feel that you should be loved because it will have a greater outcome in the future. A leader that is feared can turn into being disrespectful and being completely hated.
Therefore, this is the direct result of the negative mentality and the unwillingness to acknowledge that he was not liable guilty, the corrupt justice system would not be resolved. It is apparent that although the reader may think that the human nature would want righteousness or and kindness, it goes to show how people allow themselves to be manipulated and lose their self control so
Consequently, when rulers are very kind and express a lot of trust, people take advantage of them, but when leaders are very tough and harsh, people want to get rid of them and create wars. By extension, Macbeth was a leader who led himself to his own misery because he was not morally strong and had harsh and cruel qualities. Leaders need to have strong morals, unlike Macbeth that shows himself as very weak of morals in the scene where the witches tell him that only a man that has not been born from a
According to Rousseau, the best form of government is a direct democracy (Robison), but since Ralph fails to establish this form of government, the result is the boys falling into corruption and total chaos. Rousseau believes that civil society causes humans to become corrupt. His philosophy is centered upon the idea of “the general will,” which reflects society’s interest in a common good (Younkins). But individual desires can conflict with the general will, and civil society can actually damage the desire for a common good (Bertram). The general will in Lord of the Flies is the need to build shelters, establish a civilization, and most importantly keep the fire going with the ultimate purpose of rescue.
"Fear involves dread of punishment, from which they can never escape," Machiavelli states in his book The Prince. Although it is true that having a loved leader cuases people to want to stay in the city or country, in some ways it is better to have a feared leader because the citizens won't betray or disobey him. Reasons for this is because having a loved leader is more possible for things not to get done, and people would find ways to do a crime without getting caught. On the contrary, feared leaders are more responsible and he will make sure that no one does anything terrible. Though the feared leader punishes those who work against him, some still believe that they can make a difference and are highly respected.
In The Crucible, logic and reason play an active role as the counterpart to the fear that fills the Puritan society and the characters themselves. The characters Proctor and Hale represent the voice of reason against the voices of fear. Though they are outnumbered by those who give in to the paranoia, they stick with what they believe is right despite knowing they will become a pariah. On the other hand, Danforth and Parris represent the driving forces of fear and paranoia that plagues the minds of the people in their society. Society’s reaction to their driving force is to comply because to do otherwise is to be an outcast, and to be an outcast could get one killed.
According to John Locke, an effective government must respect its people’s natural rights, which he argues is necessary because he believes that people have the ability to reason and are inherently good to govern themselves. Because the boys fail to implement this key governing component, they face the consequence of complete chaos and anarchy, which leads to multiple deaths. In John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government, he mentions the idea that “Governments exist by the consent of the people in order to protect the rights of the people and promote the public good, governments that fail to do so can be resisted and replaced with new governments.” [Locke]. Since he says that “governments exist by the consent of the people”, he is saying that
This manipulation is the reason why the powerful cannot demonstrate generosity as those of lower ranking would wield it to bring themselves to authority. The Marxist theory illustrates how the corrupt infatuation of power leads to the rejection of handing out kindness because as Harrison, Stanford professor, states, “Love is fortuitous, you cannot rely on it, it is not stable, it is treacherously shifty. Therefore it’s obviously better… to be feared rather than loved, since fear is a constant emotion, which will remain true to itself no matter how much circumstances may
The way I viewed his heart’s desire made me feel like he is less of a bad person than people might think. I thought his heart’s desire was to be the best king he could be. This is an important reason because all he wanted to do was be the best king he could be, while others thought otherwise. In this case, he thought it would be best to kill Antigone because she broke a law and he wanted to protect the people of Thebes from a felon, even if it was somebody else. In line 1228 he says to the leader: “Oh it’s hard giving up on the heart’s desire… but I will do it” after he is convinced to let Antigone free.
Therefore, people may see going against an unjust law as something to avoid because of the aftereffect they will be having to face. Furthermore, It is right to oppose something that is unjust. Individuals should do what they best believe is right in their opinions but laws shouldn’t be fully subjected by the people only or else it may lead to future conflicts and misleading mistakes. Overall, by desired changes, it causes destructive tension for