Similar to Carroll’s book, this paper aims to explore Stevens’ poetry in relation to the Romantics. The paper’s main focus is on the relationship between truth and imagination. The paper intends to achieve its aim by closely studying the poetry of Stevens in relation to the poetry of one of the
Romanticism emerged in the late eighteenth century in reaction to the rationalism of the Enlightenment. Wordsworth and other Romantics emphasized the vigor of everyday life, the importance of human emotions, and the enlightening power of nature. Romanticism also stressed the power of imagination, which encouraged freedom from standard conventions in art and sometimes provocatively reversed social conventions (Newworldencyclopedia.org, n.d.) He helped to unite the serenity of nature and the inner emotional world of men; poetry that reunited readers with true emotions and feelings. (Shmoop, 2008). He became England's poet laureate in 1843, a role he held until his death in 1850 (Kettler, n.d.) Originally inspired by the French Revolution and the social changes it brought, Wordsworth tried to create poetry of the people, in the language of the common man.
1.3 Research Question What are the Stylistic fearure use in WB.Yeats Poem “What Then” 2.Research Methodology This research study is qualitative because its aim is to interpret the text of the select poem. The selected poem will be analyzed stylistically at phonological, syntactic, and graphological levels of analysis. 3.Literature Review Stylistics, according to Khader, is the branch of (applied) linguistics that is concerned with the study of style in texts. Jaafar (2014, p.239) defines
Symbolism is one of the milestones of poetry. Symbolism by the definition is “the use of symbols to signify ideas and qualities by giving them symbolic meanings that are different from their literal sense.” A symbol has two layers. At outside, it has the meaning of itself, at inside it hides something deeper. Edgar Allan Poe’s The Raven is based on a memory of persona facing its obsessions and fears caused by them. On the other hand, in Sonnet 64, William Shakespeare converts the feelings he has about time, his worries and fear about what it is capable of showing to words written with ink.
It originated from philosophical, scientific, political, and ideological shifts that occurred as a result of the Industrial Revolution, continuing all through World War (“Modernism” 4). In essence, modernism is an extension of the rejection of enlightenment, positivism, and faith. Characteristics of modernistic poetry include allusions, linguistic fragments, as well as highly vivid diction (“Modernism” 2). The strong emphasis on emotion, memories, and personal imagination coupled with its central concerns of objectivity and detachment in “After Apple Picking” and other modernist poems brings new perspectives to traditional poetry and offers a means of “out of the box” thinking in terms of established poetic conventions. Modernist poems characteristically question the “self” as opposed to the “group”, and highlight the fragmentations of feelings and remoteness of the outside world to the speaker of the poem (“Modernist” 7).
Now speaking about role of memory, it has certain properties depending on the type of poem we are writing. If we want to write a melancholic poem, certainly we would be digging up sad memories from our past. similarly, if we want to write a blissful poem, happy thoughts and memories would be recollected. According to Wordsworth, he feels that memory plays a very important role in developing ones imagination. In the poem, Tintern
He creates a utopia at the beginning which develops into the darker sides of mortality as the poem proceeds. Many images are bizarre and make the reader ponder upon the true essence of the poem. The similes and metaphors are often eccentric, incorporating unusual and hilarious comparisons. The title of the poem is carefully chosen to depict the theme of the poem. The title “To his coy mistress” is in the third person although the poem is addressed by the poet himself.
He continues to explain that in order to create this ‘spontaneous’ overflow of emotion, a poet has to recollect and contemplate emotion in tranquillity. A poet continues doing this until the feeling of tranquillity is disappearing and out of this a powerful emotion linked to the subject –be it a memory of the poet or anything else– will actually be produced in the mind of the poet and successful poetic composition may begin and carry on (Wordsworth 303-4). This resembles in a way the classical tradition of the invocation of a muse, a convention from Greek and Latin poetry which is especially used in epics, where the poet invokes a muse for aid and inspiration to write the poem (Baldrick). However, the force of inspiration to write good poetry is not invoked in Wordsworth’s case, but rather is evoked from the contemplations of the poet himself, inspired by memories, past events, nostalgia. This can be seen with Wordsworth’s poem “I wandered lonely as a cloud”, a poem inspired by an experience two years earlier than the poem was composed described in Dorothy Wordsworth’s journal (Greenblatt 334).
William Wordsworth himself gave an immortal definition of poetry: “The spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings: it takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility” (Preface to the lyrical ballad,Wordsworth ,1800) Coleridge praising Wordsworth’s poetry stated: ‘It is the union of deep feeling with profound thought, the fine balance of truth of observation, with the imaginative faculty in modifying the objects observed; above all the original gift of spreading the tone, the atmosphere, and with it the depth and height of the ideal world around forms, incidents and situations, of which for the common view, customs had bedimmed all the luster, had dried up the sparkle and the dew drops’ (Bowra,1980: Pg 7)12. William J Long (2004) says, romantic poets were intimate with nature and fused to ensure the blooming of romantic effect in their poetry by visualizing the essence of nature. For the poets of nature, it was both real and visionary. Long (2004), Further evidence of the intimate relation between nature and poetry in Wordsworth’s work is apparent from his works. All Romantic literature is subjective in nature.
A man’s own upbringing and experiences played important role in cultivating his personality and feelings for other. Donoghue’s works provide this researcher with inkling into autobiographical compulsions for the expressions of sympathy with the common man in Keats’ poems, particularly the longer narratives. Donoghue writes, his longer poem Endymion, published at the end of April 1818 was dismissed, “Calm, settled, imperturbable driveling idiocy” called by anonymous reviewer. They charged Keats by saying that His Endymion was not a Greek shepherd, loved by a Grecian goddess. He was merely a young Cockney