Despite JB expressing his dislike of being placed in seclusion, nursing and medical staff agreed JB’s capacity to make an informed autonomous decision was impaired due to his current mental distress. Roberts (2004) states that the paternalism in mental health is rationalized through the concept that mental illness can inhibit a persons’ competency and ability to act autonomously in the governance of their care and therefore principles of beneficence and non-maleficence must be introduced to ensure that person receives adequate care. Prinsen & van Delden (2009) also argue that coercive measures such as seclusion can be necessary in reclaiming personal autonomy and control. However this paternalistic viewpoint of overruling a patient’s autonomy is arguable especially if a person is deemed incompetent due to their mental illness. Szasz believed mental illness was mythical and the introduction of a diagnosis was merely to label social deviancy from social norms.
Abstract Our life is full with mistake these mistakes might be unnoticeable and not critical, but rather others might be dead and bigly affect our lives. To be a doctor or a nurse is a big responsibility. You should know about all that you are doing and treating with. Especially the patient between your hands since his/her life is your responsibility. All that you make must be the right path, taking in your thought honesty and trust.
And these decisions must be respected by everyone, even if those decisions aren’t in the best interest of the patient. • Beneficence: All healthcare providers must strive to improve their patient’s health, to do the most good for the patient in every situation. But what is good for one patient may not be good for another, so each situation should be considered individually. And other values that might conflict with charity may need to be
In addition, one should not perform a prohibited action even though it could bring uncountable benefits to society (Kant’s Deontological ethics). Deontology is the opposite of consequentialism. Deontology only focuses on an action that is right or wrong without regarding the consequences On the other hand, consequentialism consists on having the most positive outcome on every situation. (“Deontological Ethics”). The patient and doctor relationship should be based around trust and honesty.
Medical sciences could be one example where the boundaries between science and pseudoscience are most confused. By the development and acceptance of complementary medicine, such as homeopathy and chiropractic, which are arguably pseudoscientific, yet they will be prescribed by conventional medical practitioners. The claims that are made for their efficacy are not based upon scientifically acceptable rationales (they do not fit into mainstream understandings of human physiology and biology) and they rely upon anecdotal evidence and personal testimonials rather than randomized
Two are duties to ourselves - namely that of cultivating our intellectual talents and preserving ourselves (hence forbidding suicide), and two are duties to others, namely honesty in promises and helping them to achieve their own ends (G 4:29-30). I will discuss the plausibility (and implausibility) of two of these examples. First, to discuss the most plausible of these examples, I will assess our duty toward others to contribute to the fulfillment of their ends. This example encourages that we not only refrain from taking away from other’s happiness but that we actively and positively work to contribute to others’ happiness (G 4:430). I think that this is plausible and effective because, as Kant argued, if this standard was universalized - in other words, if everyone worked to contribute to their own, and to each other’s happiness and wellbeing - we can potentially actualize the virtues of harmonious and respectful coexistence.
I will argue that while the term “meaningful benefit” is open to discussion, it must consist of a significant component of medical judgement. The principle of non-maleficence is often considered as a continuum of beneficence, as many therapies with beneficent aims have harmful side effects. I will contend that the avoidance of harm becomes a much greater moral concern if a clinician believes they are involved in a non-therapeutic relationship with a patient as that unilaterally demanded by excessive
However, a certain level of generalization is valid to the extent that it provides clues of what the person most likely encounter. In conclusion, when it comes to culturally sensitive care, what's proper and correct in one culture may be ineffective or unacceptable in another. In reality, no culture is right or wrong, better or worse—just different. For healthcare workers, there is no single receipt for communication. The best approach is the development of an understanding of, and a deep respect for, the
In many cases, they do not have personal gains and they may not be compensated for their help (American Psychological Association, 2003). However, they have to cultivate trust, consider ethical issues and be accountable for their actions. Additionally, they must consider the health of their colleagues as this may have a significant impact to the field of psychology. During this time, they have to ensure that they help the community in accordance with their capacity. Eventually, it will reduce some of the prevalent conditions that affect the people
The concept surrounds the right of all adults that have the ability to make choices around their health and care, even if health care professionals believe that these choices are detrimental to their health. This acknowledgement that life experiences come with a certain amount of risk, and that support must be given to those making preferences, even if the outcomes come failure or success, as it is the client’s right to make their own choices. However, it can be challenging to support decisions that have risk associated, as it is imbedded in our safety-orientated health care ethics to disapprove or object. Consequently, it may mean that strategies and conversations are in place to deal with the outcomes, so that harm minimisation may be the best acceptable result for the client’s