The 1832 Reform Act, or Great Reform Act, was passed to increase voting rights, to provide correct representation in the House of Commons of the British Parliament, and to dispel the fear of revolution. Leading up to the 19th century, not many people had the right to vote, and many people believed that it was time that all men deserved the right to vote. This belief led to the publics call for parliamentary reform. Voting rights wasn’t the only existing problem at the time, because the industrial revolution had changed the distribution of the population, where more people started to gather in the cities, causing rapid growth in industrial cities. This caused a problem for Parliament, because before the Industrial revolution people were generally evenly spread across the country.
because it was a drastic increase in spending, one that the Americans could not reciprocate with the selling of products so that they would not be in debt afterwards. So this is a negative affect because the war put the U.S. into debt which would affect everyone in the country in a negative way. The number of jobs for Americans increased during WW1 but once it all ended, and all the soldiers came back from the war, the number of jobs decreased and many people lost jobs because soldiers who had jobs before the war wanted them back. At the same time, people that filled the need for factories while the soldiers were gone still needed jobs, but there were no jobs for anyone. This phenomenon can be explained in Caitlin Sandman’s article on the effects of WW1 on America; it says, “As the war ended, and the soldiers started to return home, the industry production began to slow, and there was less need for workers in factories.
However, there are three main effects that follow regarding high rate of immigration into those more developed countries. The first effect that happens when there are too many migrants moving to settle down in one country is overpopulation issue. According to Nahle, by being overpopulated means that people in that country or that area consume too many limited resources, including natural objects like forest, facilities, or nonrenewable energy that would run out in the next few decades (2003). When all of the resources gone and people cannot meet their demands, the society might not survive. Moreover, immigration is the main reason why the population in developed countries like American is still growing.
Due to continuous increase in the population scale resulted into resource’s scarcity. The services provided by the local government of Naga City to its constituents becoming limited due to high demand. Ironically, Poor migrants became squatters which added to the already worsening problem of urban poor housing. Thus, the influx of people resulted to sanitation problems, water and air pollution, and traffic congestion, slum and squatter settlements and a lot more. Just like in other cities in the Philippines, the rate of population growth in Naga far exceeds job creation, leading to more unemployment and worsening
She attributes the failure of the International Airport in Bangalore to the rapid urban growth in India usually overtaking the vision of the Indian planner. The author presents that planners do not seem to plan for ‘future-proofing’ cities; they have time and again underestimated the capacity of city infrastructure and services. I my opinion this claim as Indian cities are becoming more and more congested, planners have not been able to keep up with the demands for housing and other allied infrastructure to accommodate the increasing population of the city and the in-migration. This could be the result of adopting solutions from western models of planning, which are not applicable in the Indian context, leading to eventual failure of the projects. There is a need to create contextual solutions by looking at past examples of city planning in India and countries with similar
Since the 1970s, Egyptians have been immigrating in large numbers. In Egypt, the need to migrate continues to be driven by the increasing of unemployment and bad living conditions. The factors that are considered a push factor in Egypt are based on the economical increase, lack of education, lack of medical care, lack of security and discrimination, and finally the lack of job opportunities. Many people have been complaining about the economical increase in Egypt lately. Due to the economical increase, the percentage of poverty in Egypt has been increasing as well.
For instance, the high rate of rural-urban migration together with the existing high natural increase worsened the existing urban problems in Ethiopia seriously. This will create a further problem in cities and towns which are still overburdened (Mason, 1989). Therefore, not all aspects of urbanization are economically advantageous. Overcrowding, congestion, unemployment, slum, and proliferation of squatter settlements, extreme poverty, inadequate transportation, and communication will cost heavily cities which grow haphazardly without good planning and management. Similar with the urbanization of other developing countries, urbanization in Ethiopia is not backed by economic development (Ashenafi, 2001).
There are many reasons for the rapid increase in rural-urban migration. One of them is that these migrants hope to achieve better job opportunities and a better lifestyle. Lack of facilities, opportunities for a better lifestyle and agricultural losses have caused many people to migrate from rural to urban areas. However, this unplanned, rapid urbanisation has led to urban poverty because of lack of proper housing facilities, sanitation and health issues. Hence, steps need to be taken to ensure that this urbanisation does not lead to an increase in urban poverty.
To understand the reasons of the rise in the slum dwellers we need to acknowledge that it is basically a vicious circle of overpopulation, poverty and unemployment. All of us aware of the fact that roughly around seventy percent of the present population still live in the rural India. Now due to the lack of the education and employment opportunities, the rural population in search of jobs left with no other option but to migrate to the urban areas especially metro cities where they end up using the empty public spaces for building temporary shelters for meeting their requirement of affordable settlement in the inexpensive cities. • Lack of Governance: another major cause responsible for the rampant growth of the slum is inefficient and ineffective governance. It is very commonly observed that the government has failed on its part in incorporating the urban poor or the rural migrants into the urban planning which has critically contributed to the problems of slums in our cities.
And this urban poor population is increasing rapidly. The pressure on the migrants and the area is increasing. There is no end to this day by day rising problem. If continued, it will lead to unavailability or end of resources, scarcity of food in the country as their will be more demand and more environmental changes due to direct land heating and